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Federalism DA - Symonds

Federalism DA - Symonds

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Gonzaga Debate Institute 2008
1Lacy/Symonds/BowenFederalism D
Index
Federalism Shell..............................................................................................................................................................3Federalism Shell – Tyranny Impacts...............................................................................................................................4Federalism Shell – Modeling Impacts............................................................................................................................5Federalism UQ – General...............................................................................................................................................6Federalism UQ – Court Rulings......................................................................................................................................7Federalism UQ – Bush....................................................................................................................................................8Federalism UQ – Democrats...........................................................................................................................................9Federalism UQ – Federal preoccupation abroad...........................................................................................................10Federalism UQ – Energy Policy (1/3)...........................................................................................................................11Federalism UQ – States leading on Alternatives now (1/2)..........................................................................................14Federalism UQ – States outspend the FG on energy now............................................................................................16Federalism UQ – States leading on GHG regulation....................................................................................................17Federalism UQ – FG not intruding on states now........................................................................................................18Environmental Federalism Now...................................................................................................................................19A2: Federalism NUQ....................................................................................................................................................20Federalism Brink – Supreme Court transition..............................................................................................................21Federalism Link – Federal Action trades off with States (1/3).....................................................................................22Federalism Link – Federal Action hurts States’ Rights.................................................................................................25Federalism Link – Federal Action Preempts the States................................................................................................26Federalism Link – Electricity Grid is State jurisdiction................................................................................................27Federalism Link – Transmission Lines.........................................................................................................................28Federalism Link – Cars.................................................................................................................................................29A2: State control now steals Federal power..................................................................................................................30Federalism solves the aff – Innovation.........................................................................................................................31Federalism solves the aff (1/2)......................................................................................................................................32Federalism solves Tyranny (1/2)...................................................................................................................................34A2: Federalism = tyranny by the states.........................................................................................................................36Judicial Protection is key to preserve Federalism.........................................................................................................37Federalism key to Economic Growth............................................................................................................................38US Federalism modeled – Generic (1/2).......................................................................................................................39Federalist Modeling = Stable Democracies..................................................................................................................41Federalism stops Global Wars.......................................................................................................................................42Iraq Models US / Iraqi Federalism Good (1/2).............................................................................................................43US Model is key to Iraq Federalism.............................................................................................................................45US Model is key to Iraq Federalism.............................................................................................................................46Iraq Federalism Good – key to Stability (1/2)..............................................................................................................47Iraq Federalism Good – US Hegemony........................................................................................................................49Iraq Instability spreads Region-wide............................................................................................................................50Iraq Instability causes Regional War.............................................................................................................................51Iraqi conflict spreads Region-wide (1/2)......................................................................................................................52Iraq instability = civil war / genocide...........................................................................................................................55Iraq Terrorism Impacts..................................................................................................................................................56Iraq instability = nuclear war........................................................................................................................................57Middle East War = Extinction.......................................................................................................................................58Iraq War Turns the Aff...................................................................................................................................................59A2: Modeling – They model locally.............................................................................................................................60A2: Iraq Federalism – Public rejects.............................................................................................................................61Afghanistan Models US Federalism.............................................................................................................................62Afghanistan Federalism Good – Stability.....................................................................................................................63A2: Afghanistan doesn’t want Federalism....................................................................................................................64Afghanistan Brink (1/2)................................................................................................................................................65Afghanistan Terrorism Impacts.....................................................................................................................................67Afghanistan spills over to Central Asia.........................................................................................................................68Russia Models US Federalism (1/2).............................................................................................................................69Russia headed toward Federalism.................................................................................................................................71
 
Gonzaga Debate Institute 2008
2Lacy/Symonds/BowenFederalism D
Russia Federalism Good – Stability..............................................................................................................................72Russian Instability Impacts (1/2)..................................................................................................................................73Russia Nuclear Terrorism Impacts................................................................................................................................75Russia Nationalism Impacts..........................................................................................................................................76Russia-China Impacts...................................................................................................................................................77Russian Centralization Bad – Tyranny..........................................................................................................................78***Aff Answers***......................................................................................................................................................79Federalism NUQ – Bush is sacrificing federalism........................................................................................................80Federalism NUQ – Federal Control Now (1/2)............................................................................................................81Federalism NUQ – Environmental Federalism Low (1/2)............................................................................................83Federalism NUQ – Court shifting toward FG power....................................................................................................85Federalism NUQ – It’s Cyclical (1/3)...........................................................................................................................86Federalism NUQ – Coercive Federalism Now.............................................................................................................89SQ Environmental Federalism = Race to the Bottom...................................................................................................90 No Link – Federalism is Flexible (1/2).........................................................................................................................91 No Link – Federal/State power are not Zero-Sum........................................................................................................93Turn – Incentives increase State innovation.................................................................................................................94Turn – State control over electricity strips Federal power............................................................................................95A2: Federalism/Constitutional Strike Down.................................................................................................................96Protecting States’ Rights reduces Individual Rights.....................................................................................................97Tyranny does not outweigh...........................................................................................................................................98 No one is modeling US Federalism..............................................................................................................................99US model is not key....................................................................................................................................................100Federalist Model Bad – Ethnic nationalism/civil war.................................................................................................101Iraq won’t model Federalism......................................................................................................................................102Iraq won’t model US Federalism................................................................................................................................103Iraq Federalism Bad – Civil War.................................................................................................................................104Imported Federalism Fails in Iraq...............................................................................................................................105Middle East Conflict Coming Now............................................................................................................................106Afghanistan Federalism Fails......................................................................................................................................107Afghanistan Federalism Bad – Ethnic Cleansing (1/2)...............................................................................................108Russia’s constitution doesn’t support Federalism.......................................................................................................110Russia Rejects Federalism...........................................................................................................................................111 No Russia Civil War....................................................................................................................................................112Russia Stable...............................................................................................................................................................113 No impact to Russia Nationalism................................................................................................................................114
 
Gonzaga Debate Institute 2008
3Lacy/Symonds/BowenFederalism D
Federalism Shell
A. State leadership on energy policy is driving United States FederalismEnnis
, Staff writer for Texas Monthly,
08
. [Michael, “Bear Market; With the federal government in knots, Texasand California--the two most powerful megastates--are fighting to lead the country forward. Guess who's winning.,”Texas Monthly, March 08. Accessed 7/6/08 from Proquest.com]But evolving most rapidly, and most portentously, is the role megastates like ours play in this federation wecall the United States.
We're now seeing the fruition of the "federalism" that conservatives have toutedfor decades as the antidote to the smothering nanny state of the New Deal and the Great Society. Theirony
, however,
is that the notion of states' rights has undergone a radical twenty-first-centuryevolution. The erstwhile battle cry of knuckle-dragging
Jim Crow
segregationists has become theanthem of progressives of all stripes, from alternative energy entrepreneurs to gay rights advocates.Where once the federal government took an enlightened stand against prejudice and poverty
anddragged the South kicking and screaming into the civil rights era,
today Washington stands in theschoolhouse door while forward-looking states invoke their right to solve problems like global warmingand spiraling health-care costs.
To an extent, this is what Supreme Court justice Louis Brandeis was talking about in his famous 1932 opinion: "It is one of the happyincidents of the federal system that a single courageous state may ... serve as a laboratory; and try novel social and economicexperiments without risk to the rest of the country." But the "laboratories of democracy" Brandeis envisioned have clout he couldn't haveforeseen back when the entire national economy was considerably smaller, even in inflation-adjusted dollars, than that of either California or Texas today. The challenges the two megastates face are commensurate in scale: California and Texas boast the nation'slargest undocumented populations, the most polluted skies, the most residents lacking health insurance, and the most pressing water andenergy demands. Despite the theme of change in the 2008
election,
the days of Washington
getting the lab results and
formulating national panaceas are probably over; paralyzed by red-state-blue-state gridlock, thefederal government gives every appearance that it no longer has the agility to get the big things done ina rapidly changing world.
So even when we're not firing political potshots at each other, California andTexas are already in an existential race to arrive at creative solutions to our nation's most intractable problems. The loser will end up buried beneath those problems. The winner will own the future.
B. Federal legislation concerning environmental regulation intrudes on state autonomy
Adler
, associate professor, Case Western University School of Law,
05
. [Jonathan, "Jurisdictional Mismatch inEnvironmental Federalism," New York University Environmental Law Journal 14, no. 1 (2005), p130-45. Accessed7/7/08 from ssrn.com]
The federalist structure of American government supports a
general, albeit rebuttable,
presumption thatany given policy question should be addressed by state governments. This presumption is embodied inthe structure of the federal constitution, which grants the federal government limited and enumeratedpowers while reserving all other matters to the states. Before the federal government can act, it mustdemonstrate that a given policy is within the scope of its enumerated powers
, as where the federalgovernment does not act, things will remain in state hands.
5
This principle of “subsidiarity,”
6
thatproblems should be addressed at the lowest level at which they can be
practically
addressed is
 particularly
appropriate in the context of environmental policy,
and leads to the sort of “multitier regulatory structure” that Professor Esty suggests.
7
Because most environmental problems are local orregional in nature,
8
there is a strong case that
most (though not all)
environmental problems should beaddressed at the state
and local
level
.
9
Given the nature of this nation’s federalist system, that would entailallocating responsibility for most environmental problems to state governments with the hope, if not theexpectation, that state governments would leave many concerns to local authorities.

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