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Neg Fuel Standards

Neg Fuel Standards

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Published by: AffNeg.Com on Dec 21, 2008
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05/04/2014

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Michigan 7 Week Seniors 2008LCFS NEG1
LCFS NEG INDEX
lcfs neg index..................................................................................................................................................................1lcfs cannot solve – oil shock...........................................................................................................................................3lcfs cannot solve – data Burden......................................................................................................................................4lcfs cannot solve – companies move...............................................................................................................................5lcfs cannot solve- emissions............................................................................................................................................6lcfs cannot solve- emissions............................................................................................................................................7lcfs cannot solve- emissions............................................................................................................................................8lcfs cannot solve- emissions............................................................................................................................................9lcfs cannot solve – no infrastructure.............................................................................................................................10lcfs cannot solve– increases food prices.......................................................................................................................11lcfs cannot solve – innovation impossible....................................................................................................................12lcfs cannot solve – other nations overwhelm c02.........................................................................................................13lcfs cannot solve – mid-east oil.....................................................................................................................................14lcfs cannot solve – mid-east oil ....................................................................................................................................15cellulosic bad - long time frame....................................................................................................................................16cellulosic bad - emissions.............................................................................................................................................17cellulosic bad – biodiversity.........................................................................................................................................18cellulosic bad – not enough fuel...................................................................................................................................19cellulosic bad – deforestation........................................................................................................................................20corn good – at: food prices............................................................................................................................................21 biofuels do not cause food price hikes..........................................................................................................................22 biofuels do not cause food price hikes..........................................................................................................................23no impact food prices....................................................................................................................................................24corn causes gm Crops...................................................................................................................................................25corn declining now........................................................................................................................................................26no peak oil – less demand.............................................................................................................................................27no peak oil – myth.........................................................................................................................................................28no peak oil – reserves....................................................................................................................................................29no peak oil - reserves....................................................................................................................................................30no peak oil - reserves....................................................................................................................................................31no peak oil – deep water solves....................................................................................................................................32no peak oil – saudi arabia will solve.............................................................................................................................33no peak oil – market self correcting..............................................................................................................................34no peak oil – market self correcting..............................................................................................................................35no peak oil – market self correcting..............................................................................................................................36no peak oil - temporary.................................................................................................................................................37no peak oil – reserves....................................................................................................................................................38no peak oil – at: hurts the economy..............................................................................................................................39no peak oil – at: china war............................................................................................................................................40no peak oil – at: china impacts......................................................................................................................................41no peak oil – long time frame.......................................................................................................................................42oil not bad – foreign policy remains flexible................................................................................................................43anwr solves oil dependence...........................................................................................................................................44anwr solves oil dependence...........................................................................................................................................45link lcfs: increases natural gas use................................................................................................................................46link lcfs: spending.........................................................................................................................................................47carbon tax cp - solvency................................................................................................................................................48states cp – solve lcfs......................................................................................................................................................49states cp – solves modeling...........................................................................................................................................50states cp – solves modeling...........................................................................................................................................51states cp – solves modeling...........................................................................................................................................52states cp – solves modeling...........................................................................................................................................53winning war on terror now............................................................................................................................................54Kathleen, Sasha, Pratusha, Brittany, Ross, Joe, Mitch, JHeidt
 
Michigan 7 Week Seniors 2008LCFS NEG2
winning war on terror now............................................................................................................................................55 politics - energy reform partisan...................................................................................................................................56 politics – energy reform partisan...................................................................................................................................57 politics - lcfs partisan....................................................................................................................................................58 politics – corn ethanol unpopular..................................................................................................................................59 politics – lcfs bipartisan................................................................................................................................................60 politics – obama supports ethanol.................................................................................................................................61 politics – obama supports lcfs.......................................................................................................................................62 politics - democrats support lcfs...................................................................................................................................63 politics – mccain supports lcfs......................................................................................................................................64 politics – bipartisan rhetoric on lcfs hollow..................................................................................................................65 politics – lcfs popular with businesses..........................................................................................................................66 politics – lcfs unpopular with businesses......................................................................................................................67Kathleen, Sasha, Pratusha, Brittany, Ross, Joe, Mitch, JHeidt
 
Michigan 7 Week Seniors 2008LCFS NEG3
LCFS CANNOT SOLVE – OIL SHOCK 
LCFS creates industry confusion that undermines alternative fuel production and will cause oil shocks.Drevna, 2007
(Charlie, Executive Vice-President of National Petrochemical and Refiners Association, NPRA’sTestimony before the House Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Energy and Air Quality,http://energycommerce.house.gov/cmte_mtgs/110-eaq-hrg.060707.Drevna-testimony.pdf , June 7)The proposed legislation seems to embrace the enthusiasm for a 35 billion gallon program shared by theAdministration and the Senate, although the draft does provide a longer, less frontloaded timeframe. However, by placing an overlapping carbon limit on alternative fuels, the aperture through which industry must travel to complymay be much too narrow. As a result, there is a fundamental tension between the yearly expansion of the alternativefuels mandate in the AFP and the restraints placed on qualifying fuels under the LCFS. It would be very confusingand difficult for industry to comply simultaneously with an increasing AFP and a decreasing LCFS. The impact onobligated parties would be compliance strategies that could change frequently because the LCFS changes every year.An obligated party would have to adjust compliance strategies annually. Therefore, interest in particular alternativefuels may quickly wane, since formulations may qualify under LCFS for only a few years. Thus, the obligated partywould seek a different mix of alternative fuels for later years. This lack of stability would hinder thecommercialization of some alternative fuels. To the extent that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)exercises its authority to regulate some fuels based on lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions, it alters the economics of these fuels. To reconcile these provisions, EPA should be able to decrease the AFP mandate requirements by thesame volume of fuel rendered ineligible for satisfying the LCFS. Without this ability, the LCFS could unwittinglydisrupt fuel supply to consumers.Kathleen, Sasha, Pratusha, Brittany, Ross, Joe, Mitch, JHeidt

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