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Neg Solar Power Scholars - Palladium DA 18

Neg Solar Power Scholars - Palladium DA 18

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Published by: AffNeg.Com on Dec 21, 2008
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09/14/2012

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WNDI 2008
1Solar Power Neg Scholars – Palladium DA
Solar Power Neg Scholars – Palladium DA
Solar Power Neg Scholars – Palladium DA................................................................................................................1
Solar Power Neg Scholars – Palladium DA .................................................................................1
Palladium DA 1NC 1/3...............................................................................................................................................3
Palladium DA 1NC 1/3 ...................................................................................................................3
Palladium DA 1NC 2/3...............................................................................................................................................4
Palladium DA 1NC 2/3 ...................................................................................................................4
Palladium DA 1NC 3/3...............................................................................................................................................5
Palladium DA 1NC 3/3 ...................................................................................................................5
 No palladium prices....................................................................................................................................................6
No palladium prices .......................................................................................................................6
 No Russian palladium prices.......................................................................................................................................7
No Russian palladium prices .........................................................................................................7
A2: Russian inflation is out of control........................................................................................................................8
A2: Russian inflation is out of control ..........................................................................................8
A2: Russian infrastructure turn...................................................................................................................................9
A2: Russian infrastructure turn ...................................................................................................9
A2: Russian infrastructure turn.................................................................................................................................10
A2: Russian infrastructure turn .................................................................................................10
Link – hydrogen........................................................................................................................................................11
Link – hydrogen ...........................................................................................................................11
A2: We’ll get palladium from somewhere else.........................................................................................................12
A2: We’ll get palladium from somewhere else ..........................................................................12
A2: auto-industry will switch to platinum................................................................................................................13
A2: auto-industry will switch to platinum .................................................................................13
A2: We use silicon.....................................................................................................................................................14
A2: We use silicon ........................................................................................................................14
High palladium prices bad – turns case/warming 2NC.............................................................................................15
High palladium prices bad – turns case/warming 2NC ............................................................15
High palladium prices bad – Japan 2NC...................................................................................................................16
High palladium prices bad – Japan 2NC ...................................................................................16
Russian econ ext – WTO accession good 2NC.........................................................................................................17
Russian econ ext – WTO accession good 2NC ...........................................................................17
Russian WTO accession good – US/Russian relations FL.......................................................................................18
Russian WTO accession good – US/Russian relations FL ........................................................18
 
WNDI 2008
2Solar Power Neg Scholars – Palladium DA
Russian WTO accession good – econ.......................................................................................................................19
Russian WTO accession good – econ ..........................................................................................19
 
WNDI 2008
3Solar Power Neg Scholars – Palladium DA
Palladium DA 1NC 1/3
Palladium prices are low now – demand is downMetal Markets
“Gold, silver advance as platinum, palladium prices drop,”
7/2
/08
Precious metals prices were mixed
Wednesday in New York 
after the dollar weakened again
and crude oil set new prices records. August gold added $2 to $946.50 per troy ounce while September silver gained 14 cents to $18.43 per troy ounce, butOctober platinum dropped $11.70 to $2,077 per troy ounce and palladium fell $2.05 to $4.70 per troy ounce.
Platinum andpalladium prices were down on demand concerns after the top three auto manufacturers in the UnitedStates
, General Motors (NYSE: GM), Toyota (TYO: 7203) and Ford Motor (NYSE: F) all reported that sales were down in June.
Both platinum and palladium are used in the manufacture of pollution control devices for motorvehicles.
 
Plan drives up palladium prices – just 2 satellites would use 25% of the world’s supply
Annalisa
Weigel
, Aeronautics/Astronautics & Engineering Systems, MIT. “Solar Power Satellites: HistoricalPerspectives with a Look to the Future,” AIAA Space 2007 Conference & Exposition September 18-20, 20
07
http://lean.mit.edu/index.php?option=com_docman&task=cat_view&gid=353&Itemid=1&mosmsg=You+are+trying+to+access+from+a+non-authorized+domain.+%28www.google.com%29
The sheer size of the SPS structure
simply
cannot be overlooked
. Each satellite required over 9 million pounds of composite material.
A construction rate of two satellites per year would consume
25% of the world’s
 annual production of palladium. The required amounts for palladium
and six other key resources exceeded U.S. production rates at the time and
require
d U.S. production expansion,
foreign purchase
 
, or expenditure of reserves. Substitutematerials would likely need to be developed to replace the requirement for gold. The rectenna site selection was a driver for schedule,manpower, and equipment requirements. As the receiving apparatus for the microwave beam, environmental impact analysis cannot beoverlooked. The sheer size of the panel area also led to a high probability of multiple lighting strikes that could impart local physicaldamage to the panels and propagating damage to circuitry.
Russia is the world’s largest palladium producerStillwater Palladium
, Palladium mining company based in Montana. “World Production of Palladium,”http://www.stillwaterpalladium.com/production.html
Sources of palladium
production
are
quite
limited. More than 80% of world palladium production isconcentrated in
 
 just two countries: the
Russia
n Federation
and South Africa.
The
Russia
n Federation
alone accountsfor
nearly
half of total palladium supply.
Russia has three sources of palladium: the Norilsk Nickel mine, Gokhran (Russia's precious metals and gems reserve) and the Russian Central Bank. The state-owned trading monopoly, Almazyuvelirexport, handles palladium shipments from Russia. The Norilsk-Talnakh region in the Russian Federation produces the majority of its palladium, and thecompany NORILSK NICKEL is the world palladium industry leader. Because the palladium mined by this company falls short of meeting the tremendously growing world demand, the Russian State has filled the deficit from large state stockpiles. The Norilsk-Talnakh mines reached their highest level of production in the late eighties. Output fell at the beginning of the nineties, mainly due tolow level of investment as well as to lower productive capacity. PGMs grades were also lower due to the mining-out of massive sulphideores. Higher palladium prices in the late nineties prompted Norilsk Nickel to successfully invest in improving PGM recoveries, resultingin increases in refined PGM production. The
Russia
n Federation
is
also
the only country which has
held
significantstockpiles of palladium,
although many believe that their level has decreased considerably. The actual level of Russian palladiumstockpiles is a state secret. Russian Government export policies have significantly influenced world palladium supply and pricesvolatility.

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