SDI 2008Arjun VellayappanWW(J)D LVMax Lesser
States CP 2AC (1/2)
1. Perm do both2. Multi-Actor Fiat Bad
A) Reciprocity – as affirmative we can only advocate the USFG, so the neg should be held to a singleadvocacyB) Not real world – policies are never implemented in unison and uniformly in the real worldC) Justifies Intrinsic Perms – in a world where the neg can use any agent and fiat multiple actors,intrinsic perms are key to check abuseD) Vote them down - its not about what you say, but what you justify
– have the states and the federal government cooperate to solve
It solves alternative energy best
, PhD candidate Public Policy @ UNC, Summer 20
“Tangled in the Wires”, 46 Nat. Resouces J. 759, lexis
to wide-scale RE development
will require continued government efforts
to develop feasible and consistent economic incentives
, comprehensivenational- and state-level energy plans,
and a stronger regulatory environment. State governments need to enhance their energy plans with tighter environmental targets andmore extensive initiatives. Local governments need to expand the scope of planning initiatives to include policies that protect, legitimize, and advance RE development.
All levels of government and public actors need to coordinate RE efforts in order to advance a more effective, cohesive movement.
4. States won’t get modeled internationally
– they aren’t perceived and are unconstitutional under theCompacts Clause
5. CP can’t solveA) Federal action is key to avert state patchwork regulations that create uncertainty for the auto industryBusiness Week 02
(“Clean-Air Standards: An End Run around Washington”, http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/02_20/b3783047.htm)Detroit was blindsided. Expecting an assault of environmental legislation from Washington this spring, the auto industry dispatched troops of lobbyists to the banks of the Potomac to make a stand, successfully defeating a push for stricter national fuel-economy standards. But the real threat came from the other coast.
After environmental lobbyists worked their own contacts in California, thestate senate approved a bill on May 2 that would force auto makers to sell cleaner, more fuel-efficient cars
in the state by 2008. "I was elated,"says Sierra Club Executive Director Carl Pope. "This was such a sharp contrast from how Congress has reacted to environmental legislation." The California battle isn't over yet: The stateassembly still needs to approve a final version of the measure, and Governor Gray Davis hasn't indicated whether he'll sign it. But if--as expected--the environmental lobby wins this skirmish,it may ultimately prove just as significant as a victory in Washington would have. Why? California is the only state that can create clean-air standards, since its laws predate federal regulations.But
other states have the option of adopting California's rules.
So the environmentalists plan to take the same legislation to like-minded Northeastern states and then deeper into the heartland, ultimatelytargeting key states such as Texas and Florida. "We have accepted the fact that environmental leadership is not coming from Washington," Pope says. "We will focus on consumers and the states."
It's a strategy that could work--andthat has Detroit hopping mad.
After defeating the federal measure that would have required auto makers to boost fuel efficiency in March, the industry thought it had wrapped up the issue. Now, though, Detroit may have to wrestle with the environmentalists in state capitals. In the past,California's clean-air and low-emissions laws have gotten a warm reception in New York and New England, where legislators have adopted California's existing limits on carbon monoxide, smog-causing nitrous oxide, and soot from cars. "Our biggest fear is that this becomes the battle we already fought and won at the federal level,"says Gregory J. Dana, vice-president of environmental affairs for the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers in Washington. That's likely to happen, which could ultimately bring the battle right back to Washington.
Since the auto industry doesn't want the stricter California standards adopted state by state, it might agree to somewhat tougher federal fuel economy and emissions laws. Says oneGeneral Motors Corp. insider: "We can't have 50 different states telling us how to build cars. That would be chaos."
And that's exactly what theenvironmental lobby is counting on.