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The Minority Texts-HW Theory

The Minority Texts-HW Theory

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Published by jocelyn Andersen
Hort Westcott Vaticanus Sinaiticus Tischendorf Scrivner Burgon Tregelles Origen Jerome Vulgate Pamphilus KJV king james version Kenyon bible versions Pickering Alexandrian textus receptus received text majority text neutral text Hodges Mauro Codices recensions Apostolic extant textual criticism
Hort Westcott Vaticanus Sinaiticus Tischendorf Scrivner Burgon Tregelles Origen Jerome Vulgate Pamphilus KJV king james version Kenyon bible versions Pickering Alexandrian textus receptus received text majority text neutral text Hodges Mauro Codices recensions Apostolic extant textual criticism

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Published by: jocelyn Andersen on Dec 21, 2007
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05/08/2014

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The Minority Texts&The Hort-Westcott
 
Theory
The following is an excerpt from the book, “
 Bible Prophecy, Bible Versions, Spiritual Formation
,” by author / speaker Jocelyn Andersen. Herinformative, challenging, and often provocative radio commentaries can beheard on Sharecropper Christian Radio  www.ShareCropperRadio.comHer latest book,
Woman Submit! Christians and Domestic Violence
, is available where ever books are sold. She invites you to Visit  www.WomanSubmit.com  for details. Her book,
 Bible Prophecy, Bible Versions, Spiritual Formation
,is available FREE for Download at  www.Lulu.com/JocelynAndersenVisit  www.HungryHeartsMinistries.com for information concerning all her books. Permission is given
to copy,
distribute and transmit this work fornon-commercial use only. All other uses must have written permission fromthe author.
In 1881, a text claiming to be holy scripture, butable to claim only
1%
agreement among thecomparatively few extant texts of its type,supplanted the Majority Text that enjoys over 
90%
agreement among over 
5000
extant texts of its type!Although it is difficult to understand how such athing could happen,
it did 
 –largely as the result of 
the **Hort-Westcott theory of textual criticism
 being widely accepted among the biblical scholarsof that time.**
Remember, Bishop Westcott was not even a believer in the physical resurrection of our Lord—which resurrection theeternal life of every Christian is completely dependent upon
.
What Is the Hort-WestcottTheory?
Westcott and Hort conjectured that, of all the extantmanuscripts available, only two were worthconsidering as a primary basis for their text: the
Sinaiticus
(Aleph) and the
Vaticanus
(B). They said
 
these were older and therefore more reliable thanany of the others.The foundation of their work was entirely based onthe assumption that these two Codices were
without error 
. Because of that assumption, they reasoned allvariations including those contained in the 5,000+manuscripts of the Majority Text must be copyisterrors of one kind or another.In addition to this, their theory dictates that whenediting any text containing the Word of God, thetexts were to be considered **
no different 
from anyother ancient (ordinary) book.**
Remember, Westcott was also free from the idea that thescriptures were inspired by God and therefore sacred
.
The History of the Codices
Although the history of Sinaiticus and Vaticanus(each called a codex) is a mystery, they are thought by experts to have been written in the 4
th
Century,around A.D. 340. It is believed the codices werecommissioned by Constantine I as part of an order for fifty copies. It is also believed they weretranscribed in Alexandria, Egypt: “
Constantine appliedto Eusebius for fifty handsome copies, amongst which it is notimprobable that the manuscripts B and Aleph were to beactually found
.”
Burgon, Traditional Text, p. 163
.Tischendorf also believed this was how theSinaiticus originated: “
Is it possible that this Bible, Aleph,could be one of the 50 copies which Emperor Constantineordered Eusebius to place in Constantinople, his new capital
.”
Tischendorf, quoted in Beale, Pictoral History, p. 54
.
 
According to the Oxford Dictionary: “
Most scholars believe that, like the Vaticanus, it [the Sinaiticus] was writtenin Alexandria, Egypt. . . The New Testament text of the codexis closely allied to that of the Vaticanus, together with which itis the chief witness to the ‘Neutral Text.’” Oxford Dictionaryof the Christian Church, 310
.
 It is an interesting fact that neither Vaticanus nor Siniaticus. which form the basis for the NewTestaments of virtually all modern translations, isan original or even a copy of an original 
.It is accepted that both are
recencions
.Here is what K.W. Clark had to say about them: “
Allare found on the same Egyptian recension
.”
K.W. Clark,
Today’s Problems with the Critical Text of the New Testament 
, published in
Transitions in Biblical Scholarship
, ed. by J.C.R.Rylaarsdam, p. 166
.Exactly what is a “
recension
?”It is a
revision
 —no more no less.So the 200+ modern English Bible Translations wehave today are nothing more than versions whichhave been translated from Hort-Westcotts
version
which was translated from theEgyptian/Alexandrian scholars’
revision
of…yetanother (unknown)
version
!
The Quality of the Codices
The quality of the Codex Sinaiticus was denounced by Dr. Scrivner: “
It must be confessed, indeed, that theCodex Sinaiticus abounds with similar errors of the eye and

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