Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Chinese Mandarin) - Phrase Dictionary and Study Guide

Chinese Mandarin) - Phrase Dictionary and Study Guide

Ratings: (0)|Views: 42|Likes:
Published by TrinhLam

More info:

Published by: TrinhLam on May 08, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/08/2012

pdf

text

original

 
BOOKLE,TACC.OMPANIES:BY
CASSSTT.E4423474
 
©
1974Educations'lSel\llces,WashIngton,D.C,.
Allrighlsresolrved.Noparto~thisbookmay
be
reproducedInanyformwithoutpermissIonfromthepublisher.
AliiLanguage/30'
CQmponentsproducedintheU.S,A.
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTIONGENERAL
EXPRESSi'ONS
Seiutsuons,"".."".............
1
VisitsandIntroductions.,',,"
1
tnquiries
on
theStreet
3
Everyday
Expressions""..........................
3
PERSONALNEEDS
Food".",.,..,,.,'
.5
At
the
AmusementPlaces.,
6
Ae
theotel,................................
7
At
the
Restaurant,..,'
8
TJME,
NUMBERS,COLORS
DaysoftheWeek
9
MonthsoftheYear...............,,,,".,70Season-Weather,,10'
Time,,,..,,,,,
,11
Numbers
12
Colors,"",14
COMMUNICATrONSAtthePostOffice,.,..,,..,.......,
14
A(
the
TelegraphStation
15
Ac
theTelephone,,,.,,,.,,",.,,.,
15
Handling
Money
16
At
Customs.,
16
TRANSPORTATION
Meansof
Transportation,
17
Railway
Travel'..
17
A
t
the
Airport,;..;;";;""',."
·18
DrivinganAutomobile"
.18
Automobile
Maintenance,,,20
SOCIAL
CUSTOMS
ANDPOLITEEXPRE5SfONS.....
22
lmpcrtent:
Signs,..
e,"
24
ALHAI\BRAPUSLICIBRARY
A~IllH.lII~h",\,
r'~n
nR~
11,'\
 
Staricassette
smE1
andlistentothetapedintroductionbeforereading.keyphraseswillgiv'€
you
aninstinctivegraspofhowChineseis
put
together.Itwilli
help
you
nomake
YOWlrownsentences
asyou,I'earnnewwords.Youwilldiscoverthatsiimplylistening,reading.andrepeatingtheChinesesaud'swilligiveyouaheadstartinspeakingmodemIdiomaticChinese.Afterabriefintroduction
by
CharlesBer~itz"thewellknownlinguist,
you
wiil
hearphrasesInEnglishimmediatelytranslatedintoChinese,repeatedtwi'ce,andfollowed
by
apause,Duringthe
pause
saytheChinese
wordsaloud.
Remember,
you
canalwaysstopthecassetteandrep,Jayanyphraseyoufeelunsureabout.Iustlisteningisnot
enought
Youmustrepeat
the
words,andphraseslistenedto,asoftenaspossible.Saythewords
aloud
manytimestoimpress~hem
Oli
yom
memory,TheChi-nesephrasesarespokenatnormalconversationalspeed,as
yOtJI
willhear
themspokenbyChinese
people.
Practicerepeatingthematthesamespeedinordertobeunderstood,Ithasbeenproven
by
testingthataword
spoken
10to2.0times
wiU
impressitselfontile
consciousmind
morereadily
thanaword
seen
so
to100times.Whenthetwosystemsarecombined,asin
this
course,
you
willbesurprisedattheeasewithwhich
you
willacquireawholenewvocabulary.Afterreadingthisintroduction,noticethatonpage1theEn-glishphraseisontheleft,andtheequivalentChinesephrase.writteninEnglishletters,inthemiddle.Thecharactersatthe
:rightr;nay
beI.Js',"dtopointoutwhat
Y0l;n
want
no
say
;if
pro-nouncrngaphraseisdifficult.ThebeautifulChlnesescriptisalsowellworthexaminingand,intime,studying,asawayofunderstanding_thepeopleandculture
of
China.
It
isinteresting
'to
notethat
all:Chinesedialects
usethesame
writing
system-animportantlinkinnationallJni:tythatmakesCantoneseandMandarinmutuallyunderstandablewhen
written,
althoughnotwhenspoken.SomeChineseideographswereoriginallypictures,andtheseareirequeirlilycombined.
When
thecharacter"worn-an,"forexample,iscombinedwiththatfor"child,"itmeans"good."Onewoman
under
aroofmeans"peace.'Thecom-binationof"tree'and"sun"formacharactermeaning"east,"andthisissometimesexplainedasthemorningsunseenthroughthetrees.However,
such
traditionalexplanations,whilehelpfulinmemorizingthecharacters,do
not
explaineverything.Forexample
the
characters,"east"and"west"written
lin
sequencerepresentatwosyllablewordmeaning"thing",The
wordfor
"middle"isalsotheChineseword'for"China"(theMiddleKingdom),goingbacktoanearlyconceptthattheChineseEmpirewasthecenterofcivilization,withother,lesscivilizednationsonitsfringes.
Chinese'
grammaris
relatively'simple
and,
likeEnglish,
de-pendslarg.elyonword'
order
tormeaning,ratherthanchangesinwardforms.
INTRODUCTION
MorepeoplespeakChinesethananyotheroftheworld's
lan-
guages,Iti.stheofficiallanguagefortheapproximately850,000,-000population
of
thePeople'sRepublicofChinaandisspoken
by
millionsmoreinTaiwanandinthecoloniesofoverseasChineseinSouthEastAsia,Nor~handSouthAmerica,and
other
parts
of
the
world,
TheChinesegiveninthe'cassettesandbooklet
i:s
standard
Mandarin,
knowninChineseas
Cwoy,u
(nationallanguagel,
Withlocal
variations,
thisis
thenativelanguage
ofabout
85%oftheChinesepeople.Itisthe
medium
ofinstructionin
nearly
all
Chineseschools,world-wide,exceptinHongKong.ThereareseveralotherChinesedialects
that:are
related
lin-
guistically.
Numer.ically
themostimportant
of
theseareCanton-ese(spokeni:nKwangtungprovince,HongKongandoverseas,includingtheUnitedStates),
Wu
(spoken
ln
theShanghaiareal.Amoy(spokeninFukien,TaiwanandSingapore)'andHakka(spokeninpartsofKwangtung,Kwangsi,FukienandTaiwan).The
firstthreeare
spoken
by
well
over50
rnlllion
peopleeach,whileHakkahasabouthalfas.manyspeakers.
This
cassettecoursehasbeenpreparedto
furnish
you
withthe
basic
phrases
you
willneedtocommunicate
inChinese:
whatyouwishtosayandwhat
you
canexpect
to
hearinreply.TheChinesephrasesyou
will
hearwhenyoulistentothecas-
settes
willenableyoutomake
yourself
und'erstoodandestab-lishcnmmunicationsoyoucanget
what
youwant,findyourway
about,
andmake
hfendsinChina.
Thephrasesonthecas-settesareshort,easytorepeatandmemorize,andtheyare
the
phrasesthatChinesepeopleusemanytimeseachday.Thenumberofwordsandphrasesemployedineveryday
COn-
versationissurprisinglysmall,andthevocabularyofthiscas-sette
COUlrs,€
In-dudes
and
stressesthese.Your
repetition
ofthese

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->