Courtesy of Philip Zimbardo
Professor Emeritus of Psychology Philip Zimbardo,known for his role in the Stanford Prison Experiment,is releasing a new book on why young men are strug-gling socially and academically.
here,” Matson said.The plan was introduced at theconclusion of an event titled “Cele-brating Sustainability at Stanford,”which brought together the leadersof various sustainability efforts oncampus to speak about their initia-tives.“The number one global chal-lenge that we are going to be meas-ured by over the next century or twois going to be sustainability,” said TomSteyer, a Stanford trustee and thekeynote speaker at the celebration.Steyer emphasized that Stanfordneeds to lead in this area, especiallywith recent attention drawn to theUniversity.Referring to a recent article byKen Auletta in The New Yorker,Steyer said, “It’s impossible to readthe recent New Yorker article andnot think that people around thecountry are going to pay attentionnot just to our research, but to howwe actually address the problem.”Two panels convened to sharetheir sustainability work. The firstpresented sustainability research ini-tiatives, and the second presentedsustainability action initiatives.Buzz Thompson, director of theWoods Institute for the Environ-ment and a research panelist, notedthe success of the EnvironmentalVenture Projects program, whichawards seed grants to aid faculty re-search projects on sustainability.Thompson said that over 350 facultymembers have submitted proposalsfor the grants.Lynn Orr, director of the PrecourtInstitute for Energy, also sat on theresearch panel. Orr discussed solarcell research currently in process tocombine photovoltaic and solar ther-mal panels into double-efficiencysolar cells.The panel also noted increasingstudent interest in sustainability.Heather Bischel M.S. ’07 Ph.D. ’11, apanelist representing students, saidthat over the last five years, the numberof courses at Stanford that mentionsustainability in their course descrip-tion has increased from 27 to 71.One challenge addressed in the“Sustainability 3.0” plan was to com-pile these courses and make themmore apparent and accessible to in-terested students.On the sustainability actionpanel, speakers presented projectscurrently underway to address sus-tainability problems and apply re-search findings.Alex Luisi ’12, president of Stu-dents for a Sustainable Stanford(SSS), spoke about several of thegroup’s recent projects, includingcreating a smartphone application toreport water leaks around campus.Luisi also discussed how rewardingstudents had found their sustainabil-ity efforts with SSS.“If we gave them a chance to do itagain, they’d only do more,” he said.Luisi also introduced a short filmcalled Sustainable Trees made bySSS members Garrett Gunther ’11M.S. ’12, Dominique Yahyavi ’11M.S. ’12, Kris Cheng ’11 and AdamSelzer M.A.’12. The film depicts stu-dent sustainability efforts all overcampus.Brodie Hamilton, director of Parking and Transportation Servic-es, then showed how initiatives likethe Commute Club have helped re-duce both traffic on campus andemissions. Hamilton said the rate of Stanford employees driving alone towork dropped to 46 percent in 2011from 72 percent in 2002.Carbon dioxide emissions oncampus have dropped below 1990levels, according to Hamilton. Addi-tionally, the reduced traffic hashelped Stanford avoid constructionof 3,000 parking spaces.Jack Cleary, associate vice presi-dent of Land, Buildings and Real Es-tate, discussed the methods used byhis department to plan buildings. Ac-cording to Cleary, Land, Buildingsand Real Estate aims to make build-ings that exceed green building codeperformance by at least 30 percent.The final presenter on the re-search panel was Joe Stagner, exec-utive director of Sustainability andEnergy Management. Stagner dis-cussed the upcoming Stanford En-ergy System Innovations (SESI)project, which has the potential toreduce emissions from water man-agement by up to 50 percent andwater use by 18 percent.The idea behind the SESI projectis that Stanford currently has sepa-rate systems to heat and cool water.Once contracts expire over the nextthree years, the University will beginreplacing most of the water pipesand systems across campus to com-bine the heating and coolingprocesses.The sustainability celebrationended with Provost and Acting Pres-ident John Etchemendy Ph.D. ’82summarizing Stanford sustainabilityinitiatives.“In our own operations, we’vedistinguished ourselves as one of thegreenest universities in the UnitedStates,” Etchemendy said. He againemphasized action in addition to justresearch, saying that other universi-ties use Stanford as a model “not be-cause we’ve set a goal, but becausewe’ve taken action” to achieve thegoal.Etchemendy also announced thecreation of a Provost’s Committeefor Sustainability.
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Young males declining
expand its presence increasinglyeach year so that it can create asustainable model of using Frostfrom year to year.Elaine Enos, executive direc-tor of the Office of Special Eventsand Protocol, which works withFrost, said that breaking even canbe complicated for the venue.“With Frost at its current ‘pic-nic’ capacity for this event (a mixof standing and sitting on blan-kets) of 5,400, it helps to have up-wards of one-third to one-half ormore in attendance with ticketsreflecting general public pricing,”Enos wrote in an email to TheDaily.She added that it is not a one-size-fits-all process to hit a break-even point at Frost. “The idea is toget a band that people will pay tosee, especially at general publicprices, to help offset these expens-es as much as possible,” she wrote.Enos said that the processoften becomes complicated be-cause drawing artists of interest tostudents often costs more. Organ-izers have to weigh increased costagainst increased student interestwhen determining ticket pricesand projected sales.“It deals sometimes with hav-ing to ‘predict the future’ in somecases,” Enos wrote.Operating costs for Frost arenot inexpensive, according toEnos. The cost of a high-profileconcert with a very basic designthat includes no video or lights,and the most minimal structuraland staffing levels, runs fromabout $95,000 to $150,000, not in-cluding any artist fees.“Headliner bands of interestand high popularity run into thesix figures pretty easily now, plustravel expenses in many cases [canadd to the cost],” Enos wrote.Trusheim said that a headliningartist like Modest Mouse can costbetween $80,000 and $120,000 de-pending on how much they ask fortravel, food and other expenses.She added that these bandstend to need or want more struc-tural surroundings like lights orstage structures, which can poten-tially raise expenses.According to Enos, many stu-dents have expressed interested inseeing more events in Frost. Suchinterest has been expressed onmany levels throughout the un-dergraduate and graduate studentpopulation.“The members of the StanfordConcert Network and other inter-ested students have spent a lot of their personal time contributingand developing the look and feelthat you’ll see at this year’s FrostRevival,” she wrote.“We have not seen a concert of this size in nearly 10 years,” sheadded. “The last time there was aconcert of any size in Frost duringthe academic year with students asthe main audience was in 2006,and the attendance was extremelylow.”Mos Def was the headliner forthe 2006 show.Enos added that she expects tosee well over 4,000 in total atten-dance for this year’s show, with themajority being students.Enos wrote that Frost is not justused during Admit Weekend andNew Student Orientation. Thevenue is also used for the AnnualUniversity Diversity Spring Faire,the GSB Students Annual C4Cevent and several other dinnersand reception-style gatherings forvery large events that departmentsor schools may sponsor.“This year, Blackfest will beheld for the first time in the am-phitheater,” Enos wrote. “Theevent has been growing everyyear and is expecting even morestudents and general public thisyear, which creates a great oppor-tunity to utilize space.”She added that future eventsand other potential concerts arebeing reviewed and researched,but that it is important to be prag-matic about budgets.“It’s about making sure that aproposed event is right for Frost aswell,” she wrote, adding that someevents are better served withinsmaller venues.SCN is hopeful that it will beable to manage these costs togreatly expand Frost’s use in thefuture.“Frost Revival will be the oneevent that started it all, the onefestival that made it possible andpaved the way for future large-scale concerts at Stanford Univer-sity,” Aroeste wrote.
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leges, according to U.S. World andNews Report, did not use theOCR-mandated standard prior tothe OCR letter.All other judicial proceedings atStanford are still tried by a beyonda reasonable doubt standard.
When the ARP was altered in2011 to lower the standard of proof, the authors also removedthe right “to be considered inno-cent until found guilty.” The corre-sponding clause in the existingARP says that a responding stu-dent has a right “to have the Re-viewers determine responsibilityby a preponderance of the evi-dence standard of proof.”Dan Ashton ’14, a member of the 13th Undergraduate Senate,pointed out this absence and en-couraged his peers to amend theARP to include a presumed inno-cence protection similar to that inthe ASSU Constitution and Judi-cial Charter.
Size of review panels
Since its inception, the ARPhas decided its verdicts with fourmembers of the Stanford commu-nity — three students and onefaulty member, distinguishing itfrom all other judicial proceed-ings, which have panels of six. TheOffice of Judicial Affairs said thatit altered the procedure in 2010 tobest protect the confidentialityand comfort of both parties, toalign with student feedback con-cerning the optimal student-to-faculty reviewer ratio and to meetmore practical concerns of ensur-ing that the appropriate numberof qualified students is available atthe time of a hearing.
The existing ARP requires, andhas always required, a finding of responsibility from a simple ma- jority of reviewers to hold a stu-dent responsible, as does everyother type of judicial proceeding.Several opponents of the loos-er procedural protections afford-ed by the Dear Colleague Letter,including a few outgoing ASSUSenators and students in the Of-fice of Judicial Affairs, have advo-cated for increasing the voting re-quirement to unanimity so as tobetter guard against false verdicts.
Right to confront and cross-exam-ine witnesses
In all other types of judicialhearings, and in cases involvingsexual assault before the estab-lishment of the ARP, respondingstudents have and had the right“to cross-examine witnessesagainst them.” Within the ARP,however, responding students donot have the right to question im-pacted students, who often givethe most influential, if not only,witness testimony.Instead, responding studentscan make statements to both theinvestigator, who is responsiblefor compiling information aboutthe case, and the review panel,which makes the final decision.These statements may refute theallegations against the respondingstudent but cannot engage in theadversarial court process.According to the OJA, impact-ed students are not expected tospeak with the responding studentat any time during the trial processbecause of the intimate and trau-matizing nature of the alleged act.
Right to have witnesses heard
The pre-ARP process, and the judicial proceedings of all othertypes of cases at Stanford, guaran-teed students the right to “call wit-nesses on their behalf at JudicialPanel hearings.” Responding stu-dents within ARP are only giventhe right “to request that the In-vestigator contact individuals whoare witnesses to an event.” Thenew process gives the investigatordiscretion to not speak with indi-viduals proffered by the respond-ing student if they so choose.Tessa Ormenyi ’14, a studentreviewer for ARP and coordina-tor at the Women’s CommunityCenter, explained at the May 1Senate meeting that the OJA has,in the past, had responding stu-dents call numerous irrelevantwitnesses just to delay the trial.
Right to appeal & double jeop-ardy
Before the ARP was intro-duced, cases involving sexual as-sault had an appellate processsimilar to other judicial hearings:Students who felt they had beenwrongfully found responsiblecould bring their case to a FinalAppeals Panel for review.In its pilot form, the ARPchanged the process by allowing astudent found responsible to ap-peal the decision to the ViceProvost for Student Affairs, whoseverdict was final, instead of apanel of several members of theOJA.After operating this way for ayear, the ARP appellate processchanged again with the publica-tion of the Dear Colleague Letter,which requires that Universitiesshift their procedures to allow ap-peal from both sides when an un-favorable verdict is issued. Thiseliminates students’ right againstbeing tried twice for the same of-fense, known as double jeopardy.Shortly following the publica-tion of the Dear Colleague Letterin April 2011, President Hen-nessey amended the ARP charterto grant equal appeal power toboth the responding and impactedstudent.Of the 12 hearings in the pasttwo years, 10 responding studentswere found responsible, but onlyone verdict was reversed in ap-peal.A few former ASSU Senators,notably Alon Elhanan ’14, havevoiced opposition to the unilateraldiscretion of the Vice Provost inaffirming or overruling verdicts.
Statute of limitations
Until 2008, all impacted stu-dents, including complainants of sexual assault, were required tohave a charge filed no more thansix months after the alleged mis-conduct occurred. Any complaintfiled after the six-month statue of limitations could not be triedthrough the University judicialprocess without an extraordinarycircumstance.In January 2008, however, theOffice of Judicial Affairs extendedthe statute of limitations to twoyears for cases involving allegedsexual assault, dating/domestic vi-olence, sexual harassment, stalk-ing, hate crimes or physical as-sault. This statute applies to allcases that are heard under theARP.After a series of straw pollvotes, the 13th UndergraduateSenate declined to vote on theARP, leaving it to the 14th Senateto give approval or advocate forrevisions. Since the ARP repre-sents a change to the Office of Ju-dicial Affairs charter, which oper-ates under the ASSU Constitu-tion, it must receive approval fromboth the ASSU Senate and Grad-uate Student Council (GSC) be-fore it can be officially appendedto the charter. The Senate mayvote on the ARP tonight, or maypostpone the vote further.The pilot program of the ARPwas extended to the fall of next ac-ademic year, so it will continue tooperate pending an ASSU vote.
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Partners Program. NVIDIA alsopledged to the program in April,bringing the total from the pro-gram to $175 million from corpo-rate partners.In addition, three individualfamilies each contributed $50 mil-lion to the hospital: Tashia andJohn Morgridge, Anne Bass M.A.’07 and Robert Bass MBA ’74, andthe Christopher Redlich ’72 fami-ly. Morgridge was formerly CEOof Cisco Systems. Robert Bass ispresident of Keystone Group LP,founder of the Oak Hill invest-ment funds and chairman of theAerion Corporation. Redlich wasformerly chair of Marine Termi-nals Corporation.The new hospital will be struc-tured as four patient care pavil-ions. The Redlich family and theMorgridges will each name one of the four pavilions.According to Stanford NewsService, new technologies beingput in place at the hospital includeadvanced imaging and “hybrid”treatment platforms equipped formany types of procedures.The new hospital will also ad-vance Stanford’s emergency serv-ice offerings, creating 59 treatmentbays for emergency patients.The 823,000-square-foot hospi-tal is scheduled to open in 2018.
— Matt Bettonville
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