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Nihongo Notes 09 - Situational Japanese 4

Nihongo Notes 09 - Situational Japanese 4

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Published by metalcasting
Nihongo Notes vol. 9
Nihongo Notes vol. 9

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Published by: metalcasting on May 08, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/14/2014

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-----~-,---------
nihongonotes9
situationaljapanese4·
byosamumizutaninobukomizutani
TheJapan
T1ll1es
 
Firstedition:April1989Secondprinting:February1991JacketdesignbyKojiDetakeISBN4-7890-0448-1Copyright
©
1989byOsamuMizutaniandNobukoMizutaniAllrightsreserved,includingtherighttoreproducethisbookorportionsthereofinanyform.PublishedbyTheJapanTimes,Ltd.5-4,Shibaura4-chome,Minato-ku,Tokyo108,JapanPrintedinJapan
FOREWORD
Thisbookisacompilationofthe74columnsap-pearingin
TheJapanTimes
fromJuly26,1987toDecember18,1988.(Thepreceding572columnshavebeenpublishedas
Nihongo
Notes1,2,3,4,5,6,7,and8.
Nihongo
Notes6,7,and8areentitled
SituationalJapanese
1,2,and3.)
It
isagreatpleasureforustobeabletopublishanothervolumeinthisseries,andweareverygratefulforyourcontinuedinterest.WehopethatyouwillenjoyreadingthisvolumeandthatitwillhelpyoutounderstandtheJapaneselanguagemorefullyandprecisely.Inthisvolume,wehaveattemptedtodiscuss,amongotherthings,howtheJapaneseexpressthemselvesforsuchpurposesasmakingrequests,askingaboutsomeonesintentions,offeringex-planation,showinggoodwill,andcriticizingothers.Wehavealsotriedtoexplainthesubtledifferencebetweentwosimilar.expressionsandshowhowaforeignercanavoidmakingmistakesinusingthem.Throughout,wehaveconcentratedonactualspeechpatternsusedindailycommunication.WewouldliketoacknowledgethehelpofJanetAshby,whocheckedtheEnglishforthesecolumnsandofferedvaluablesuggestionsjustasshedidfortheprecedingeightvolumes.February,1989OsamuandNobukoMizutani
3
 
CONTENTS
·..ta
ijoo
meaning'nowthat...'
8
Useof
te
(1)
indicatingareason
10
Useof...
te
(2)
inreferringtoconsecutiveactions
12
·..karate-kudasai
usedinrequests.........
14
·..ko
usedtocountvariousthings
16
Expressionsusedwhengivingone'sname
18
·..kedo
usedwhenaskingforinstructions
20
Expressionsusedwhencorrectingothers
22
Mashi
meaning'lessbad'
.24
·..negaimasu
usedinrailwayannouncements
26
Sore-dake
meaning'thatmuch'
28
·..nagara
meaning'while...'
30
·..node
and...
kara
denotingareason
32
Kagiru
(belimited)and
kagiranai
(notbelimited)
34
·..ppanashi
meaning'leaveitasitis'
36
Oki-otsukete
(Haveagoodday)
38
·..toorildoorimeaning
'as,accordingto...'
40
to
(with)and
to
issho-ni
(togetherwith)
42
·..te-shimau
indicatingcompletionofaction
44
·..te-ne
and...
te-yo
usedinfamiliarcommands
46
Addressingastranger
48
Askingsomeone'sopinion
50
Askingforexplanation
52
Checkingsomeone'scomprehension
54
Confirmingsomeone'sstatement
56
Avoidinggeneralizations:.....
58
Yokattara
meaning'ifyoudon'tmind'
60
Expressingone'sanger
62
Samui-desu-ka
vs.
Samui-n-desu-ka'"
64
4
Askingsomeone'sintentionpolitely........
66
Yoroshikudoozo
(Thankyou)
68
Naosu
(tofix)vs.
naoru
(tobefixed)70Praisingsomeone'sskill
72
Omoidashimasen
(I
don'tremember)
74
Totemo
implyingtherest
Of
thesentence
76
Te
notusedwithrequests
78Giving
commandswith
nasai
80
Expressingabilityandinabilitytodosomething
82
Expressingwithreserveinabilitytodosomething
84
...(t)tara
usedforemphasis
86
Expressionsreferringtolosingthings
88
Pronouncingthe
te
formofaverb................
90
Useof
n-da-kara
(because)
92
Kangaete-mimasu
(I'llthinkaboutit)
94
Adobaisu
(Advice)
96
Confirmingwhatsomeonehassaid
98
Sentenceendingsforinvitingconversation
100
Expressionsmeaning'tobecome'
102
Tsukareru
meaning'hewearsmeout'
104
Michi-oaruku
meaning'walkalongtheroad'
106
Thankinginadvance
108
·..to
kitara
toindicatesubjectmatter.........
110
·..dejuubun
meaning'issufficient'
112
·..tame-ni
and
ni
meaning'forthepurposeof...'
114
·..deshitara
indicatingsubjectmatter.........
116
·..te-moraenai-kana
meaning
'I
wonderifyoucould...'
118
Leavingoutparticles
120
·..no
soba,
chikaku
and
kinjo
(near)
122
Expressionsmeaning'tovisit'
124
Expressionsmeaning'small'
126
5

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