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Nihongo Notes 06 - Situational Japanese 1

Nihongo Notes 06 - Situational Japanese 1

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Published by metalcasting
Nihongo Notes vol. 6
Nihongo Notes vol. 6

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Published by: metalcasting on May 08, 2012
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01/11/2015

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nihongo
notes
6
situational
japanese
1
byosamumizutaninobukomizutani
TheJapanTunes
 
Firstedition:November1984Sixthprinting:August1991JacketdesignbyKojiDetakeISBN4-7890-0253-5Copyright
©
1984byOsamuMizutaniandNobukoMizutaniAllrightsreserved,includingtherighttoreproducethisbookorportionsthereofinanyform.PublishedbyTheJapanTimes,Ltd.5-4,Shibaura4-chome,Minato-ku,Tokyo108,JapanPrintedinJapan
FOREWORD
Thisbookisacompilattonof74columnsap-pearingin
TheJapanTimes
fromApril17,1983toSeptember9,1984.(Thepreceding350columnshavebeenpublishedas
Nihongo
Notes1,2,3,4and
5.)
It
isagreatpleasureforustobeabletopublishanothervolume,andweareverygratefulforyourcontinuedinterest.WehopethatyouwillenjoyreadingthisvolumeandthatitwillhelpyoutounderstandtheJapaneselanguagemorefully.WhilecontinuingtoexplaintheactualusageofvariousJapaneseexpressions;wehavechangedtheformatslightlyfromthisvolumeontofocusonhowJapaneseisusedinspecificsituationsandforspecificpurposes.
In
otherwords,wehaveshiftedtheemphasisfromanexpression-orientedap-proachtoasituation-orientedone.ThefamousMr.Lernerhasadvancedfrombeingapoor,earnestlearnerwhocontinuallystumblesinhiseffortstocommunicateinJapanesetoakeenobserverofhowtheJapaneselanguageisusedwhointroducesthesituations.
In
thisvolume,wehaveattemptedtoexplain,amongotherthings,howtheJapanesemeet,part,introduceothers,makerequestspolitely,andex-pressreservetowardsothers;namely,wehaveconcentratedonexplaininghowtheJapaneselanguageisusedinsocialsituations.WewouldliketoacknowledgethehelpofJanetAshby,whocheckedtheEnglishforthesecolumnsandofferedvaluablesuggestionsjustasshedidfortheprecedingfivevolumes.October,1984OsamuandNobukoMizutani
3
 
CONTENTS
Beingintroduced.Referringtoamutualacquaintancewhenbeingintroduced.Referringtopreviousmeetings.Partingfromsomeoneyoumeeteveryday..Partingfromfamilymembers.Puttinganendtotelephoneconversations.Startingabusinessdiscussion.Orderingamealatarestaurant.Visitingsomeonewithoutnotice.Givingreasonsformakingarequest.Introducingoneselfassomeone'sfamilymember.Offeringagift.Askingsomeonetoreturnaphonecall.Conveyingamessage.Decliningan'offerofhelp.Expressinggratitudeforhelp.Makingexplanations.Respondingtoacompliment.
•Descr-ibing
physicalproblems-stomachache..;.Describingphysicaltroubles-headache.'Describingphysicalproblems~beinghurtinafall.
Honno-
Signalingdevaluation.
~Tazunete-kuru-
Describingactionsdirectedatthespeaker.
;Hito-niosareru-
Sufferingfromsoneone'sactions.
iMigi-nimagarimasu-
Givingdirections.
;
.000surebayoroshii-deshoo-
Askingforinstructions
4
1012
14
16182022242628
3032
34
3638
40
42
4446
48
50
52
54
56
58
8
Arakajimeyoyaku-suru-
Redundancy.
Otsukaresama
usedasanexpressionofmeetingandparting.
Endoo
or
Endoo-mame-
Changesinthemeaningofwords.
Saremasu-ka
-Expressionofrespect.
Soryaa...-
Anindicationofone'sopinion.
te-imasen
usedtoindicateincompletion...teformusedtoindicateareason.
..ta
usedtoindicatethecompletionofanaction.
noni
usedtoindicateunexpectednessordissatisfaction.
Watashi-ga
vs.
Watashi-wa.
teusedtoendasentence..•...................
·na
usedforthenegativeimperative.
·na
usedforafamiliarcommand.
·te-wa
usedforindicatingcondition.
Chan-to
usedtoexpressexpectations.Expressionsofpleasure.
Suru
usedtomean'tocost'.
Moshika-suru-to
usedtoindicateuncertainty.
desu-mono
usedtomean'since'or'for'.
koto
usedtomean'necessity'.
tokoro
usedtomean'situation'.Referringtosomeoneelse'swishes.
·..te-itadaku
toexpressgratitude.Somecontractedformsinrapidspeech.
Sochira,kocnire
usedaspersonalpronouns.
·..ppoi
usedtomean'...ish'.
·..dasu
usedtomean'start...
ing".
Expressionsmeaning'Notall...'.Expressionsusedforstrongdenial.
Hanasu
(speak)and
hanashikakeru
(speakto).Expressionsendingin.
nasai.
5
6062
64
6668
70
72
74
7678
80828486
88
9092
94
96
98
100102
104
106108110112114116118120

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