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NSTA Inquiry in Earth Science

NSTA Inquiry in Earth Science

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Published by Jack Mosel

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Published by: Jack Mosel on May 08, 2012
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3
Inquiry in the Earth Sciences 
Eric J. Pyle, James Madison University
T
 E    K–     -      . E    - ,    , ,  -    , , , ,  K–,    . E        ,        .I x   E    ,  x,        ,    -. B    v  E ,     ( ) ,   x   -  E   ,     v  - -       . A  ,  v    E  .     E         . I  , I       v  E      . T  I   x      . Gv   z    E  ,  x       E        .
 
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Science
aS
inquiry
in the
Secondary Setting
Components of Inquiry: A Framework
I  E   v x    -    ,   z ,    ( NRC 996). T         ()  , ()  ,  () v  (M  D 995). Ev     - ,       , ,  v. I  E ,                     E. O    ,     v      v. T       ,     . U,  x                . A v v       F 3..Figure 3.. A Framework or the Components o Inquiry 
ObservationsModelsInterpretationsHistoricalNarratives
    D   e    fi   n    i   n   g    Q   u   e   s   t    i   o   n   s    C    h   o   o   s    i   n   g    M   e   t    h   o    d   s    A   r   r    i   v    i   n   g   a   t    S   o    l   u   t    i   o   n   s
Interactions of Materials,Space, and TimeInterpolations andExtrapolationsDescriptions of Materials,Space, and Time
 
33
chapter 3: i   e Ss
Defning Questions That Make Sense inEarth Science
 An issue that 8th-grade Earth science teacher Ms. Spurrier has always struggled with is getting her students to understand the relationship between landorms and the rock structures beneath the land surace. Her students can identiy olds and  aults on a test without problem, but they cannot transer this knowledge to moun-tains, stream drainage patterns, or landslides. During a topographic map reading exercise, one o her students asks her why the river channels on some maps look like the branches in a lea, while on other maps the pattern looks like steps or ladders. Ms. Spurrier decides that she can structure a student investigation around maps on which she can place known aults and ridges o resistant rock (e.g., sandstone).Te question she poses to her students is this: “What do aults and rocks have to dowith the course o rivers?” 
I   E       z     . T       v          (A 998). E        -. T    E         ()
materials 
,   , ,  , ()
space 
,    -       ,  ()
time 
,      v     vv. W       E  ,        x  x, v,      v       . A   v,    E   
descrip-tions 
. I  ,        ,,    . S     ,       ,                 . T ,v,       v    -   .I v   
interpolations 

extrapolations,
 -,   x ,   . Q  -     v    v  E,    x         . I  ,    vz,   , , , ,  .

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