Bengali Kayastha family of Calcutta on 12 January 1863.
Vivekananda's parents influenced his thinking—his father by his rationality and his mother by her religious temperament. The natural tendency of Vivekananda's mind, like that of his Master, Sri Ramakrishna, was to soar above the world and forget itself in contemplation of the Absolute. From his childhood, he showed an inclination towards spirituality and God realisation. His guru, Sri Ramakrishna, taught him Advaita Vedanta (nondualism); that all religions are true and that service to man was the most effective worship of God. Swami Vivekananda was one of the greatest patriots and spiritual leaders India has ever produced. Through his travels and lectures all over India and abroad, he awakened the minds of Indians and other Nationals to their cultural heritage. India is an emerging power in the world with inbuilt culture, religion, and deep sense of human concern. I wonder how we live as a Nation with so many cultures, and conflicts, the vision of great thinkers like Vivekananda and many others still unites and awakens, which continues to be our responsibility to the future of our Nation. India‟s independence brought us lot of growth and also unlimited corruption and greed of the well do people. The voice of poor is more of politics than the real concern to the welfare of the people. We should rethink the philosophy of Swami Vivekananda who believed a country's future depends on its people, so he mainly stressed on man, "man-making is my mission", that's how he described his teaching. He wanted “to set in motion machinery which will bring noblest ideas to the doorstep of even the poorest and the meanest. Swami Vivekananda believed that the essence of Hinduism was best expressed in the Vedanta philosophy, based on the interpretation of Adi Shankara.
He summarized the Vedanta's teachings as follows,
Each soul is potentially divine, The goal is to manifest this Divinity within by controlling nature, external and internal. Do this either by work, or worship, or mental discipline, or philosophy—by one, or more, or all of these—and be free.
This is the whole of religion. Doctrines, or dogmas, or rituals, or books, or temples, or forms, are but secondary importance. A lover of mankind, he strove to promote peace and human brotherhood on the spiritual foundation of the Vedantic Oneness of existence. A mystic of the highest order, Vivekananda had a direct and intuitive experience of Reality.
He derived his ideas from that unfailing source of wisdom and often presented them in the soul stirring language of poetry. In the course of a short life of thirty-nine years (1863-1902), of which only ten were devoted to public activities-and those, too, in the midst of acute physical suffering-he left for posterity his four classics: Jnana-Yoga, Bhakti-Yoga, Karma-Yoga, and Raja-Yoga, all of which are outstanding treatises on Hindu philosophy. In addition, he delivered innumerable lectures which have attention of west to east as a source of spiritual enlightenment, wrote inspired letters in his own hand to his many friends and disciples, composed numerous poems, and acted as spiritual guide to the many seekers, who came to him for instruction. He also organized the Ramakrishna Order of monks, which is the most outstanding religious organization of modern India. It is devoted to the propagation of the Hindu spiritual culture not only in the Swami's native land, but also in America and in other parts of the world. He has contributed his might with complete works, of which the Karma yoga forms the essence to the progress of our Nation where idealism and dogmatism still do not vanish; if we practice little of karma yoga, as it is the science of achieving perfection in action we can turn all our co-humans as great contributors to our Nation. Still he continues to be a hero in the minds of many, an essence of reading Swami Vivekananda can even make us heroic and great personalities in the world have realised his contribution just not only on humanity, but the problem of human survival," writes Romain Rolland, "The master teachings great music, phrases in the style of Beethoven, stirring rhythms like the march of Handel choruses. I cannot touch these sayings of his, scattered as they are through the pages of books, at thirty years' distance, without receiving a thrill through my body like an electric shock. And what shocks, what transports, must have been produced when in burning words they issued from the lips of the hero! Among the many quotes of Swami which stands good to any one irrespective of religious faith „We are responsible for what we are, and whatever we wish ourselves to be, we have the power to make ourselves. If what we are now has been the result of our own past actions, it certainly follows that whatever we wish to be in future can be produced by our present actions; so we have to know how to act.” The dream of Swami that India has to overcome the poverty with education stands to his vision, “the goal of mankind is knowledge. Now this knowledge is inherent in man. No knowledge comes from outside: it is all inside. What we say a man 'knows', should, in strict psychological language, be what he 'discovers' or 'unveils'; what man 'learns' is really what he discovers by taking the cover off his own soul, which is a mine of infinite knowledge. “The vision of Swami Vivekananda guides me and every one, we all educated people should contribute little of the though and concern to poor down ridden, helpless people India our Nation is certain to become a Intellectual and Spiritual power to guide the Humanity irrespective of Human identify with any Religion.
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