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DAILY 05.09.12

DAILY 05.09.12

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Print edition of The Stanford Daily, published May 9, 2012.
Print edition of The Stanford Daily, published May 9, 2012.

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In its second meeting, the 14th Under-graduate Senate began discussion Tuesdayon the Alternative Review Process(ARP), a judicial procedure for cases in-volving sexual assault, sexual harassmentor relationship violence at Stanford.Although the Senate did not revise orvote on any of the ARP provisions, Sena-tor Ashley Harris ’15 announced that theBoard of Judicial Affairs voted Tuesday toadd an “innocent until found responsible”clause back into the ARP charter, rectify-ing a controversial absence that Harrissaid was merely an oversight. The senatorsalso presented their opinions on the dis-cretion of the investigator in admitting ev-idence, the unitary appellate jurisdictionof the vice provost, the unanimous-versus-majority voting requirement, the size of review panels and the right to confrontwitnesses.Garima Sharma ’15, Senate deputychair, expressed an opinion on almostevery issue and supported the existingprovisions of the ARP. She endorsed thepreponderance of evidence burden of proof by likening the ARP to a civil trial, inwhich preponderance of evidence is some-times used, and reminded her peers of thepromising effect that the lowered standardof proof has had on encouraging victims toreport cases. She also echoed the logic of the Dear Colleague Letter, which says thatTitle IX suits and Office for Civil Rightsdiscrimination suits are tried under pre-ponderance of evidence and, therefore,campus hearings involving sexual assaultshould similarly adopt this standard.“In terms of the standard of proof,[Jamie Pontius-Hogan] said there is basi-cally no wiggle room,” Harris reportedfrom her conversation with the assistantdean of the Office of Judicial Affairs earli-er that day. “It’s going to be preponder-ance of evidence . . . because without it,federal funding could be lost.”
Features/2 •Classifieds/3 •Opinions/4 •Sports/5
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Around 10 percent of admitted students petition the Fi-nancial Aid Office each year in hopes of increasing theamount of aid that would be awarded to them if they cameto Stanford, according to Karen Cooper, director of finan-cial aid.Members of the incoming fall class reported that addi-tional funds received through the petition process made itfinancially possible for them to enroll at Stanford. BiolaMaccaulay ’16 said that while her mother had to go in to talkto the Financial Aid Office in person, the process was rela-tively painless.“They increased my aid a lot,” Maccaulay said. “It madeit a lot easier to come to Stanford.”Other students, however, questioned the fact that theaward process takes place behind closed doors, which canlead to confusion and anger when awards are less than stu-dents expect. The Financial Aid Office said that the processseeks to be as equal to all families as possible — whether ornot they submit a petition.“We are always trying to be equitable to all of our fami-lies,” Cooper said. “Our goal is to treat the families who didpetition and did not petition the same so that families whopetition do not get special treatment.”According to Cooper, petitions are evaluated in a man-ner similar to how the University initially determines aid.For a student who does not receive any aid, the cost of at-tendance for the 2012-13 academic year will be $58,436. Thismay be partially or fully offset for students with financialneed by the $125 million that will be spent on institutionalscholarships next year.Cooper reported that around $75 million of the moneyfor financial aid comes from the Stanford endowment, whileThe Stanford Fund provides $15 million and unrestrictedsources, such as the President’s Funds, support the rest.While the Financial Aid Office uses a statistic called Ex-
Junior talks pitchingand playing for Omaha
 An Independent Publication
 The Stanford Daily T
 WEDNESDAVolume 241
May 9, 2012Issue 56
Admits weighaid offers
 Pulitzer Prize-winner Rhodes explores Reykjavik Summit
ASSU Senatedebates ARPmodifications
Former Peruvian Presidentlinks ethnicity to povert
Play delvesinto nuclearnegotiations
There is a moment in PulitzerPrize-winner Richard Rhodes’s newplay, “Reykjavik,” when, after days of negotiations over nuclear weaponsbetween then-U.S. President RonaldReagan and Soviet Union PresidentMikhail Gorbachev, Reagan sudden-ly drops a bomb of his own.“Why don’t we get rid of themall?” Reagan asks. “Can we agree, atthe end of ten years, to nuclear aboli-tion?”For a moment, the two men cometogether, shoulder to shoulder, at thefront of the stage. They look up andout into the audience, as Reagan envi-sions the two of them meeting againas old men, drinking champagne asthey watch the world’s last two nu-clear missiles being ground into scrap.But in the play, as in 1986, when theReykjavik Summit actually occurredin the capital city of Ireland, talks be-tween Reagan and Gorbachev ulti-mately collapse.Those few minutes, however, rep-resent the feelings of both hope andregret that characterize “Reykjavik,”which was presented Tuesday night atCemex Auditorium.The hour-long production — fea-turing just Reagan, played by Dramaand Classics Professor Rush Rehm,and Gorbachev — is notable for stay-ing close to the transcripts of the fa-mous event. Rhodes, who is affiliatedwith Stanford’s Center for Interna-tional Security and Cooperation(CISAC), previously won a PulitzerPrize for his 1987 book, “The Makingof the Atomic Bomb.”“I was going through the tran-scripts of the Reykjavik summit in2006, and it was intriguing to see [theSoviet and American transcripts] sideby side and see what the Americanside left out,” Rhodes said after theperformance. “Particularly, Reagan’smove to eliminate everything [all nu-clear weapons] was excised.”The play seeks to show a fuller pic-ture of both leaders. Reagan is shownto be charismatic and good-hearted,but forgetful. For much of the sum-mit, he reads his arguments off notecards and repeatedly mentions how,in the aftermath of World War I, Eu-rope’s great powers agreed to banchemical weapons, but “held ontotheir gas masks.”Gorbachev is depicted as the moreintelligent and focused of the two, butalso spends time talking about hisyouth, which was spent working on acollective farm.Both he and Reagan find commonground in having “come from noth-ing.” Such conversations take placewhen the negotiations have grown
Climate change initiativeslosing support in US
A recent survey conducted by Stanfordand Ipsos Public Affairs revealed a decline inU.S. support for government-endorsed cli-mate change initiatives over the past twoyears.Seventy-two percent of participants advo-cated for government action on climatechange concerns in a 2010 survey conductedby Stanford. This year’s survey, however,showed a decrease in support to 62 percent.According to the survey results, major fac-tors that have swayed individuals away fromsupporting government climate change initia-tive include Republican political leanings,skepticism directed toward climate scientistsand recent shifts to a cooling of weather world-wide.Jon Krosnik, senior fellow at the StanfordWoods Institute for the Environment, men-tioned in an article in the Stanford Reportthe lack of Republican support for govern-ment initiatives in climate matters during thecurrent presidential campaigns. Those whoidentified as Republican expressed thesharpest drop in support for these initiatives.The report indicated that the Americanpublic’s main concern with government in-volvement in climate change is consumertaxes that are meant to dissuade greater pub-lic use of electricity and gasoline. The report,however, did not find evidence to suggestthat economic struggles play a considerablefactorRegardless of the drop in full supporters,the study did reveal that many specific gov-ernment actions addressing climate changecontinue to receive support.
 — Ileana Najarro
Prof. emeritus of chemicalengineering dies at age 87
Michel Boudart, professor emeritus of chemical engineering at Stanford, died lastWednesday at the age of 87. Boudart taughtat Princeton University and UC-Berkeleybefore spending 50 years in Stanford’sChemical Engineering Department.
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Ten percent of admit class asks for financial aid package to be reassessed
NICK SALAZAR/The Stanford Daily
Richard Rhodes debuted his new play “Reykjavik” Tuesday night in Cemex Au-ditorium. Set in 1986 during the Reykjavik Summit, his play portrays a pivotalattempt at negotiation between Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev.
MEHMET INONU/The Stanford Daily
Former Peruvian President Alejandro Toledo and economist Eliane Karp-Toledo addressed theaudience at an all-day conference on Latin American indigenous population integration andhuman rights on Tuesday. They emphasized the link between poverty and human rights.
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“There is a high correlation betweenpoverty and ethnicity,” said Alejandro Tole-do, former president of Peru, at an all-dayconference Tuesday in Encina Hall. “It’s nota coincidence that the poorest people inLatin America are indigenous or Afro de-scendants. That is why I think the initiative of this conference has an enormous applica-tion. It is not just an academic exercise — it’svery concrete.”Toledo, who served as Peru’s presidentfrom 2001 to 2006, gave the opening addressat a conference titled “Human Rights of In-digenous Peoples in Latin America,” whichsought to explore how the conditions of in-digenous people in the region can be im-proved.Toledo began by examining the econom-ic situation of Latin America and discussinghow despite overall economic growth, thepoverty gap between the indigenous and thewealthy continues to swell.“One of the greatest advantages that Ithink Latin America has is our cultural di-versity,” he said. “That cultural diversity isnot our weakness. It’s our strength.“If we are able to build on that, then wecan create a cohesive society, reduce socialconflict and provide sustainability for eco-nomic growth,” Toledo continued. “And theincome we derive from that growth, we caninvest it in the minds of our people.”His wife, Elaine Karp-Toledo, an anthro-pologist and economist, expanded on the in-digenous culture and way of life in an after-noon presentation. She discussed why andhow indigenous people should be involvedwith their local and national governments.“We propose that social inclusion andequal citizenship are key factors for good gov-ernance,” Karp-Toledo said. “The indigenousworldview has to be respected and integratedin public policies.”According to Karp-Toledo, the modernpress and media unfortunately continue toproduce negative images of the indigenous,portraying them as less-civilized people whocannot recognize improvements or what isbest for them. She said this makes it moredifficult for them to be taken seriously bytheir governments.
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Wednesday, May 9, 2012
 The Stanford Daily
nvisible to the casual on-looker and shrouded by theoverhanging branches of acoast live oak or a bay tree,15 cat feeding stations aresprinkled throughout the Stanfordcampus, unbeknownst to most of its inhabitants. Ranging from thePlant Growth Facility on Stock-farm Road to the bushes outsideLagunita residences and all theway to East Campus, each stationconsists of an unobtrusive blackplastic bin to protect the food andfeeding cats from the sun and rain-storms. This station system is an in-tegral component of the StanfordCat Network.“One thing people commenton when they look at the StanfordCat Network webpage is that allthe cats look really healthy,” saidKirk Gilmore, an engineeringphysicist at the Stanford LinearAccelerator Center (SLAC) whovolunteers as a “feeder” for theStanford Cat Network. “Peopleexpect feral cats to be all skinny,scrawny and unhealthy-lookingbut that’s exactly what we try toavoid.”The Stanford Cat Network wasfounded in 1989, when mainte-nance employees on campusbegan finding litters of sick kittensaround Stanford. The news trav-eled to administrative officials andsomeone decided that the issueneeded to be addressed.“There was a decision thatcame down that the humane thingto do was to go trap all these ani-mals and take them to the localshelter where they would all bekilled because they weren’t adopt-able [and] there were too many of them,” said Carole Miller, co-founder of the Stanford Cat Net-work.Community members who hadalready been feeding the animalsindependently banded together insupport of the cats. The StanfordCat Network, as they called them-selves, negotiated an agreementwith the administrators, who al-lowed them to provide “popula-tion management” of the home-less cats on campus. Populationmanagement entails spaying, neu-tering and caring for the creatures,in a process often called “Trap,Neuter, Return.” This programhad a dramatic effect on the cam-pus feline population.“We had at least 500 cats oncampus in ’89,” Miller said. “Wehave two dozen known catstoday.”Many “newcomer” cats appeareach year, left by students who sud-denly find they cannot care fortheir pets over a school holiday orfind the responsibility of owning ananimal tiresome. When found, do-mesticated or “tameable” cats willbe placed in foster homes and laterbe put up for adoption. Miller takesin any cats that are not adopted tolive at her sanctuary as the networkis strictly no-kill.The remaining two dozen catsare feral, or un-socialized. Theycannot be adopted or live as pets,but still cannot completely fendfor themselves. Thus, they rely onthe Stanford Cat Network feedersfor sustenance.“The most feral cat is still a do-mestic animal,” Miller said.Feeders on campus includestaff, faculty members and stu-dents.“I do basically what needs to bedone,” Gilmore said. “I feed and Itrap. We put a lot of energy intomaking the traps comfortable forthe feral cats so we can trap them.We usually monitor them for awhile to make sure they haven’tbeen trapped before.”After trapping the cats, volun-teers like Gilmore bring them to aveterinarian for a check-up andspaying or neutering.Driving around in a white mini-van with a license plate that reads“CATNET” and a trunk filledwith cat food and water jugs,Miller will often take on feedingresponsibilities in addition to herposition as co-founder of the or-ganization.Approaching a station, she fillsa food bowl with both dry pelletsand wet paste so that cats withdental problems do not go hungry.Two options ensure that every catwill at least be able to eat someportion of the food provided.After washing and replacing theused bowl, Miller hops back intoher vehicle and headed to the nextlocation.“Once I get going, it’s rathertherapeutic,” Miller said.At the Plant Growth Facility onWest Campus, the Stanford CatNetwork has built a much largerenclosure, complete with catclimbing equipment. Curled up in-side the enclosure is a glossy blackand brown cat suffering from fe-line leukemia. Because Milton isferal, he cannot be adopted. Healso cannot return into the compa-ny of the other feral or homelesscats roaming the Stanford campusfor fear of passing on the conta-gious disease. The Stanford CatNetwork has been able to provideMilton with a haven he would nototherwise have.Although not affiliated withthe Stanford Cat Network, EastFlorence Moore Resident Fellow(RF) Susan Watkins is also an on-campus cat caretaker. Workingthrough an organization calledHumanimal, Watkins and her fam-ily have fostered five or six littersover the course of the nine yearsthey have served as RFs, each lit-ter containing between four to sixferal kittens. Their position as RFshas been ideal for socializing thesekittens.“It’s a great way to get resi-dents down here; they’re kittens,they’re adorable!” Watkins said.“People will just come and sit inhere and there will be a kittenasleep on their lap.”Once the kittens weigh twopounds, they can be returned toHumanimal to be spayed orneutered and later adopted out.Not everyone on campus how-ever is enamored with cats, or withthe Stanford Cat Network. At oneof the stations, a 70-pound feedingstructure disappeared and Millersuspected sabotage.“There are those of us who lovethese animals, but there are anawful lot of people out there whohate cats, to the point of being will-ing to go too far and do some-thing,” Miller said.Despite these incidents, theroaming cats on campus return tothe feeding stations year afteryear. Some of the cats present in1989 when the Network wasfounded just recently died. The or-ganization’s success in decreasingthe number of cats on campus isapparent, and perhaps disappoint-ing to some.“We used to get a lot of studentfeeders [who came] because theysaw cats,” Miller said. “And nowthey just go on faith.”
Contact Erika Alvero Koski at erikaa1@ stanford.edu.
SERENITY NGUYEN/The Stanford Daily
Cat TalesCat Tales
The mostferal cat is stilla domesticanimal.
CAROLE MILLER,Stanford Cat Networkco-founder 
While no senators strongly dis-puted the preponderance of evi-dence standard, several arguedthat due to the lowered standard of proof, the responding studentought to have strong proceduralprotections.“I think with the lowering of thestandard of proof, we would needsix panel members,” said SenatorShahab Fadavi ’15, who has servedas a reviewer in campus judicialproceedings involving honor codeviolations. “I would think that youwould need to . . . increase thenumber of faculty members onthat panel who are involved andmore knowledgeable on sexual ha-rassment cases in particular.In response to the argumentthat a smaller panel leads to in-creased privacy for both parties toa case, Fadavi said that all panelsare required to keep cases confi-dential, and that adding a facultymember might insulate the infor-mation from the student body.“Ultimately our goal is to makesure that . . . people who are . . .actually sexually assaulted . . .come forward, and, hopefully, thelower standard will do that,” hesaid. “But, at the same time, wewould want to make sure that wedon’t wrongly find anyone respon-sible, because that is also super im-portant, if you consider the impactthat this does have on a person’s fu-ture.”“You need to be somewhat pre-pared for the slippery slope, for theworst case scenario,” Viraj Bindra’15 said, echoing the sentiments of Law School student Elliott Wolf,who spoke to the senators at theirMay 1 meeting about his experi-ence serving as student body presi-dent at Duke University in the im-mediate aftermath of the 2006Duke lacrosse scandal. Bindra saidthat he was concerned with the uni-tary discretion of the investigatorto reject evidence.Sharma responded by repeat-ing the caveat of Tessa Ormenyi’14, an ARP reviewer, that re-sponding students have, in thepast, brought in irrelevant charac-ter witnesses just to delay a verdictor sanction. Sharma also arguedthat there would be logisticalproblems in allowing reviewers todetermine relevancy because of their tendency to evaluate evi-dence they have heard, even if ithas been ruled irrelevant.When discussing a unanimous-versus-simple majority voting re-quirement, a gender divide of theSenate emerged, with Sharma,Harris, Kimberly Bacon ’15, Jan-havi Vartak ’15 and Lauren Miller’15 supporting the existing majori-ty requirement, and Jack Weller’15, Brandon Hightower ’15 andIsmael “Ish” Menjivar ’15 favoringa unanimous requirement. Fadavi’15 was the only male senator toexpress support for maintainingthe majority requirement.The senators, several of whomsaid they felt that they did notknow enough about the process orhad not heard from enough ex-perts to have a thorough and in-formed opinion, decided to inviteseveral experts with varied stancesto attend next week’s Senatemeeting. In hopes of better repre-senting their constituents, the sen-ators also discussed methods of inviting and collecting studentopinion about the ARP, includingan open town hall debate, in-creased personal communicationand the extension of anonymousforums for students intimidated bythe idea of speaking at Senatemeetings.
Contact Julia Enthoven at jjejje@stanford.edu.
Continued from front page
pected Family Contribution(EFC), which is supplied by theFree Application for Federal Stu-dent Aid (FAFSA), to determinestudent eligibility for federalfunds, the University uses its ownalgorithm to determine expectedfamily contribution when award-ing Stanford scholarship funds.The Financial Aid Office triesto send all award notificationswith students’ admissions offers.Cooper said that this allows timefor students to petition for an in-crease in their award before theMay 1 deadline to accept a Stan-ford offer of admission.Stanford grants aid through aprocess similar to that of manytop tier universities includingHarvard and Yale, according toCooper. She said unlike with fed-eral funds, the University takeshome equity into account, andlooks more comprehensively atstate taxes, which can make theEFC that Stanford calculateshigher than the federal EFC.Some students expressed satis-faction with the original amountgranted for financial aid.“I received more from Stanfordthan any other school,” said JeremyMoffett ’16. “I did not petition be-cause I was very happy with it.”The University has a FinancialAid calculator on its website inorder to give students a rough es-timate of their award. Cooper saidthe calculator uses the same for-mula that the Office uses, but thatactual awards are reviewed andedited by the staff.Cooper stressed that the peti-tion process is very similar to theoriginal award process. FinancialAid Counselors (FACs) are notassigned a specific caseload, butinstead work on petitions as theyare submitted to expedite the re-view process and notify studentsas quickly as possible.If the Financial Aid Office re-quires more information on indi-vidual students, they talk to terri-tory officers from the admissionsoffice, according to Cooper. As afinal review, she said that theFACs meet as a group to discussspecial circumstances that com-plicate certain students’ packages.Financial aid petitions are notstrictly for incoming freshmen.Students reapply for financial aidevery year and always have theopportunity to petition theirawards, Cooper said. She alsoadded that the Financial Aid Of-fice would reevaluate awards inthe middle of the academic year if requested.“We encourage families, that if something does change duringthe academic year, to let usknow,” Cooper said. “We canwork with them to see if that war-rants a change to their financialaid eligibility.”
Contact Ethan Kessinger at ekess-ing@stanford.edu.
Continued from front page
 The Stanford Daily
Wednesday, May 9, 2012
Boudart’s work influenced theenergy, defense and space indus-tries. A holder of four patents, he isbest known for his work in cataly-sis, which involves studying sub-stances that cause a change in therate of a chemical reaction withoutreacting.According to the Journalof Physical Chemistry, Boudart’sprincipal achievement was the“quantification of catalysis asrigorous sequences” of basicsteps, which helped enable exactchemical reaction readings. Suchadvances made it possible forlaboratories to compare dataglobally, affording opportunitiesfor collaboration.Born in Belgium, Boudartearned a B.S. and M.S. at the Uni-versity of Louvain, and then ob-tained his Ph.D. in chemistry atPrinceton University in 1950.Boudart became Stanford’s firstWilliam M. Keck, Sr. professor of chemical engineering and helpedbuild the reputation of the Chem-ical Engineering Department.He was knighted in Belgium,and was elected to both the Na-tional Academy of Science andthe National Academy of Engi-neering. Along with two associ-ates, Boudart founded Catalytica,a company that works on prob-lems involving catalysis for petro-chemical, chemical and pharma-ceutical firms, in Santa Clara,Calif.
 — Mary Ann Toman-Mille
Continued from front page
SERENITY NGUYEN/The Stanford Daily
Audience member DianaMartin, a Palo Alto resident, saidshe was intrigued by the conceptof involving the indigenous inmodern education and markets.“There’s a feeling of bringingthe indigenous into the corporateculture if you educate them,”Martin said. “But if you’re teach-ing them to use computers andcell phones, it’s a dilemma be-cause you could destroy their tra-ditional culture.”Nadejda Marques, manager of the Program on Human Rights,initially proposed the idea of theconference. Marques said shefeels that the issues surroundingthe indigenous population inLatin America are applicablearound the world, including in theUnited States, where NativeAmericans have to fight for sov-ereignty.“Providing information andcreating awareness is definitelyone of the conference’s goals, butwe also wanted to create mo-mentum for researchers on in-digenous rights and that’s notnecessarily specific to LatinAmerica” Marques said. “It’sboth multi-disciplinary andtransnational.”Throughout the day, therewere five panel sessions of two tofour speakers who each pub-lished papers on the conferencetheme. The panels presented var-ious aspects of the issue such asindigenous child health, propertyrights and the indigenous rela-tionship with climate change.The Center on Democracy,Development, and the Rule of Law partnered with the Programon Human Rights and the Centerfor Latin American Studies andStudents for a Sustainable Stan-ford to organize the event. TheProgram on Human Rights plansto post the academic papers of theevent speakers on its website.
Contact Sarah Moore at smoore6@stanford.edu.
Continued from front page
too tense. Reagan describes hisyears as a lifeguard or taking careof his alcoholic father as a child.“Something that gets lost inreading history texts is the feel-ing and emotion of the event,”said Ravi Patel ’13, an interna-tional relations minor who at-tended after learning about thesummit in some of his classes.“All I really knew was what wasaccomplished during the meet-ing. I didn’t know the tensions in-volved in the negotiatingprocess,” Patel added.The play demonstrates someof those tensions. For all thefriendly feeling generated byswapping childhood stories, thetwo leaders cannot bring them-selves to trust one another.In the performance, the heartof the disagreement between thetwo men is Reagan’s StrategicDefense Initiative (SDI), dubbed“Star Wars” by the media. The ini-tiative would have established anAmerican space-based missileshield to prevent against nuclearattack.“Damn it, Mikhail, SDI is fordefense,” Reagan says. “Why do Ihave to keep saying that? Andwe’ll share it. You have my word.”“You don’t even share yourmilk machines with us!” Gor-bachev retorts.The play suggests Reagan’s fa-mous stubbornness, somethingwhich Tom Woosnam, a highschool physics teacher and mem-ber of the audience, said he bothadmired and disliked.“I was not convinced that Rea-gan’s stubbornness was based inrationality,” Woosnam said. “[Buthis] motivation was to protect hiscountry.”Everything in Rhodes’s play— moments of levity included —points to this fundamental mis-trust in both leaders. When nego-tiations have failed at the end of the play, each character blamesthe other.“You just don’t get it,” Reagansays. “How am I supposed to trustyou?”“I don’t know what else Icould have done!” Gorbachevreplies.“Well, I do” Reagan says. “Youshould have said ‘yes.’”
“Reykjavik” will be performed again tonight at 7 p.m. in Cemex Auditorium.
Contact Neel Thakkar at nthakkar@stanford.edu.
Continued from front page
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