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Jordan: Reform before it’s too late

Jordan: Reform before it’s too late

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Jordan is experiencing a slow-burning awakening. Inspired by regional revolutions and in the face of deepening political and economic malaise, King Abdullah is confronting unprecedented levels of discontent from both the traditional opposition and his longstanding support base. Despite a promise of rapid reform in early 2011 and subsequent tinkering of the legislative system, the King has nonetheless resisted meaningful change that would loosen his absolute hold on power. In the current regional climate the absence of an orderly reform process risks widening instability.

While Jordanian reform clearly has to be home-grown, Europe should take a more assertive approach. In addition to the historic strength of political ties, the EU is Jordan’s second-largest trading partner and has committed nearly €300 million in direct funding and approximately €1.2 billion in bilateral loans and grants over the next three years. This gives it important influence.

In a new ECFR policy brief senior Middle East policy fellow Julien Barnes-Dacey argues that Europe should use this leverage to press King Abdullah to introduce meaningful reform before it is too late, suggesting specific areas of immediate focus. Europe should reinforce its policy towards Jordan by tying ongoing support to reform that moves the country towards a meaningful parliamentary democracy. Europe’s current policy of offering the King unwarranted praise for a half-hearted reform process will not benefit the monarch, Jordan or Europe.
Jordan is experiencing a slow-burning awakening. Inspired by regional revolutions and in the face of deepening political and economic malaise, King Abdullah is confronting unprecedented levels of discontent from both the traditional opposition and his longstanding support base. Despite a promise of rapid reform in early 2011 and subsequent tinkering of the legislative system, the King has nonetheless resisted meaningful change that would loosen his absolute hold on power. In the current regional climate the absence of an orderly reform process risks widening instability.

While Jordanian reform clearly has to be home-grown, Europe should take a more assertive approach. In addition to the historic strength of political ties, the EU is Jordan’s second-largest trading partner and has committed nearly €300 million in direct funding and approximately €1.2 billion in bilateral loans and grants over the next three years. This gives it important influence.

In a new ECFR policy brief senior Middle East policy fellow Julien Barnes-Dacey argues that Europe should use this leverage to press King Abdullah to introduce meaningful reform before it is too late, suggesting specific areas of immediate focus. Europe should reinforce its policy towards Jordan by tying ongoing support to reform that moves the country towards a meaningful parliamentary democracy. Europe’s current policy of offering the King unwarranted praise for a half-hearted reform process will not benefit the monarch, Jordan or Europe.

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Published by: ECFR, European Council on Foreign Relations on May 09, 2012
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Nox pbo vazp pwn `oja`ozOazp Haikoxz bao zooi pbomx mipoxozpz zbxmik az a xozucpne vxmapmzapmniz# jupz mi vuhcmj zvoi`mig ai` pbo `ojcmione pbo jnuipx}”z agxmjucpuxac zojpnx) Enx pbo pxmhac hazo#pbo vxmdax} gnac ne pbomx `mzjnipoip mz pn oizuxo pbap pbomxbmzpnxmj vxmmcogoz axo guaxaipoo` ‚ amdz pbap iojozzmpapoa xoazzoxpmni ne iopwnxkz ne vapxniago# hup aczn vncmpmjacxoenxd az a doaiz ne azzoxpmig pbomx xmgbpz mi pbo eajo ne voxjomo` daxgmiacmzapmni) Pbo Oazp Haikoxz in cnigox pxuzppbo ormzpmig z}zpod pn wnxk pn pbomx a`aipago)Pbo zmgiz ne pxmhac `mzjnipoipdoip bao hooi inpahco#zoxmig dnxo pbai ai}pbmig oczo pn bmgbcmgbp pbo oncmig`}iadmj ne uixozp) Mi Eohxuax} 8611# a iudhox ne vxndmioippxmhozvoxzniz wxnpo ai nvoi zpapodoip `odai`migxoenxd ai` `mxojpc} jxmpmjmzo` Quooi Xaima# ajjuzmig box"Vacozpmimai- eadmc} ne zpoacmig pxmhac cai` enx pbomx nwiemiaijmac gami) Pbo vuhcmj coppox ai` pbo `mxojp jxmpmjmzdne pbo kmig”z eadmc} hxnko a dalnx pahnn) Mi Luio 8611#doaiwbmco# a jnin} ne jaxz jaxx}mig pbo kmig ioax Paemcob waz xovnxpo` h} zndo do`ma nupcopz pn bao hooi vocpo` wmpb zpnioz# pbnugb pbo xn}ac jnuxp `oimo` pbo zpnx})Doopmig pbozo pwn jndvopmig `odai`z wmcc jcoaxc} ho ox} `meemjucp enx pbo kmig) Ai} dno pn odvnwox pbo MAEai` mpz jnizpmpuoipz pbxnugb a eamx vncmpmjac z}zpod wmcc inpnic} `mxojpc} jbaccoigo bmz vnwoxz hup wmcc aczn pbxoapoipbo bnc` ne Oazp Haikoxz) Az a xozucp# dai} Vacozpmimaiz#eoaxeuc pbap ahzncupmzp `odai`z wmcc vxnnko a emoxjo pxmhac hajkcazb# bao inp dnhmcmzo` nx xoexami exnd jaccmig enx euccocojpnxac oquacmp}) Jnioxzoc}# a jnizncm`apmni ne Oazp Haik `ndmiapmni wmcc zoxo pn zpuip ai} dno pnwax`z vncmpmjaccmhoxacmzapmni) Wbmco pboxo mz jnddni jauzo adnig zndoajpmmzpz ni hnpb zm`oz ‚ zooi dnzp jcoaxc} mi Nhom`ap”zIapmniac Exnip enx Xoenxd# wbmjb uimpoz `meeox vaxpmoz exndajxnzz pbo vncmpmjac ai` jndduiac zvojpxud ‚ pbo `mmzmoquozpmni ne zpapo m`oipmp} ai` pbo xmgbpz ne Vacozpmimaiz wbninw ajjnuip enx az dujb az ?6 voxjoip ne pbo vnvucapmni mznijo agami xoaxmig mpz boa`)Dai} Oazp Haikoxz mow Vacozpmimaiz az a emepb jncudiai` eoax pbap gxaipmig pbod gxoapox xmgbpz xamzoz pbovxnzvojp ne Lnx`ai odoxgmig az pbo acpoxiapmo Vacozpmimaibndocai` voxmn`mjacc} hxnajbo` az a doaiz ne xozncmigpbo VacozpmimaiMzxaocm jniecmjp) Eoaxeuc ne odvnwoxmigVacozpmimaiz ap pbomx nwi orvoizo# pbo} jnipmiuo pn cmdmppbo orpoip ne pbomx `ozmxo` vncmpmjac xoenxdz) Pbo vnwoxeuczojuxmp} avvaxapuz# mi vaxpmjucax# xodamiz nvvnzo` pn ai} xoenxd pbap wnuc` odvnwox Mzcadmzpz ai` Vacozpmimaiz ai`mz xovnxpo` pn bao hcnjko` vncmpmjac nupxoajb oeenxpz pn pboMAE nox pbo vazp }oax)
5
Mi Laiuax}# dmcmpax} opoxaiz jxoapo`a iow vncmpmjac vaxp}# pbo Lnx`aimai Iapmniac Jnieoxoijo# wmpb iapmniacmzd a joipxac enjuz ne mpz vcapenxd) Pbnugb zpmcca iazjoip vncmpmjac obmjco# pbo vaxp} vnmipz pn pbo `ozmxo ne zndo Oazp Haikoxz pn dnhmcmzo axnui` a iaxxnw agoi`a pbapenjuzoz ni pbomx nwi mipoxozpz)Pbo kmig mz inp# ne jnuxzo# wmpbnup nvpmniz) @mmzmni jaiaczn vca} pn bmz a`aipago# ai` bo baz cnig uzo` pbo pbxoapne jndduiac jndvopmpmni pn vamip bmdzoce az pbo jnuipx}”zmi`mzvoizahco uimemox# a dozzago pbap bnc`z pxajpmni enxdai}) Nox pbo vazp }oax pbo xogmdo baz avvoaxo` pn vca} nee pbmz `mm`o wmpb xogmdozaijpmnio` nmjoz hcadmigVacozpmimaiz ai` Mzcadmzpz enx pbo mncoijo ne 8? Daxjb 8611)Doaiwbmco# pbo eamcuxo ne pbo uxhai ai` pxmhac nvvnzmpmnipn uimpo axnui` a jnddni jauzo baz woakoio` mpz ahmcmp} pn mdvnzo doaimigeuc vxozzuxo ni pbo kmig) Umncoip jcazboz hopwooi pxmhac gxnuvz ai` pbo MAE mi pbo pnwi ne Daexaqmi @ojodhox 8611 mccuzpxapo` pbomx jndvopmig adhmpmniz"zojuxmp} enxjoz accogo`c} boc` hajk az pbo mncoijo uienc`o`coa`mig zndo jxmpmjz pn ajjuzo pbo xogmdo ne eaiimigjndduiac poizmniz-) –Oox}nio ioo`z pbo kmig pn hacaijonpbox gxnuvz#— za}z nio lnuxiacmzp mi Addai) –Pbo `meeoxoipgxnuvz bao in jnddni agoi`a ai` axo aexam` ne oajbnpbox)—
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Pbo zojuxmp} zoxmjoz axo xovnxpo` pn bao hcnjko` nupxoajb oeenxpz pn pbo MAE h} pbojuxxoip Lnx`aimai gnoxidoip ne Awi Kbazawiob)

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