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An Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis Study: Liberia's slow onset crisis

An Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis Study: Liberia's slow onset crisis

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Published by Oxfam
Humanitarian interventions today are very different to those in the past. There has been a growing recognition of the central role that markets play in people's lives through giving them access to basic needs, jobs, and income generating opportunities. Based on the need to develop a rapid market assessment tool, Oxfam GB, the International Rescue Committee, and Practical Action, in consultation with other agencies, developed and piloted the Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis (EMMA) toolkit. Following an influx of refugees to Liberia fleeing from instability in neighbouring Cote d'Ivoire, the EMMA toolkit was used to understand specific market systems in depth, and the analysis used to design appropriate response options.
Humanitarian interventions today are very different to those in the past. There has been a growing recognition of the central role that markets play in people's lives through giving them access to basic needs, jobs, and income generating opportunities. Based on the need to develop a rapid market assessment tool, Oxfam GB, the International Rescue Committee, and Practical Action, in consultation with other agencies, developed and piloted the Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis (EMMA) toolkit. Following an influx of refugees to Liberia fleeing from instability in neighbouring Cote d'Ivoire, the EMMA toolkit was used to understand specific market systems in depth, and the analysis used to design appropriate response options.

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Published by: Oxfam on May 09, 2012
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10/30/2013

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 An Emergency Market Mappingand Analysis Study
Liberia’s Slow Onset Crisis
Written by: Carol Brady and Nanthilde KamaraEdited by: Tessa Vorbohle, Emily Henderson and Philippa Young
 
 A cash transer benefciary shows o theproduce rom an urban garden. The Karoiprogramme combined cash transers withsupport to income generating activities
 
Josephine Gbarwea and two o her children, with some o the items she received during Oxam’s seeds and tools distribution in Bah Town, Grand GedehCounty, Liberia. Photo: Susan Sandars
 
In order to respond appropriately, however, with anyintervention, it is essential that markets are analysed.The reasons or this are threeold. It is essentialto have a sound understanding o the markets’capacities and blockages, so that agencies can avoidinterventions that are potentially harmul to livelihoodsand recovery while identiying ways in which the marketsmay eectively help deliver the humanitarian response.Market analysis will also highlight those activities thatare needed to support the wider market systems to beable to meet the needs o the targeted beneciaries inthe emergency phase and possibly beyond.Based on the need to develop a rapid marketassessment tool to cover an identied methodologicalgap in market analysis in emergency contexts, OxamGB (OGB), the International Rescue Committee (IRC)and Practical Action (PA), in consultation with a widerange o other agencies, undertook the developmentand piloting o the Emergency Market Mappingand Analysis (EMMA) toolkit. The EMMA marked asignicant departure rom other emergency responsemarket assessments, in that, based on the value chainanalysis principles, EMMA uses a combination oexisting tools, rom seasonal calendars to market systemmaps, to oer a systemic view o market interactions,both demand and supply, rom the inrastructural andinstitutional environment to inter-regional or crossborder trade. It combines market analysis (marketunctionalities, potentials and constraints) and gapanalysis (people’s uncovered needs) to develop aresponse analysis to inorm programming. The EMMAtoolkit allows or a rapid understanding o marketsystems, as it promotes rough and ready ‘goodenough’ analysis, and is designed to complement otherassessments that provide data about household prolesand expenditures. The toolkit can bring clarity andpurpose to programming; allow the disaster aectedpopulation to access the most appropriate responsesand support market unctions and environments tosupply basic immediate needs while keeping an eye onuture development and sel suciency.
There is no doubt that, for many international organisations, humanitarian interventions today are verydifferent to those in the past. Not only has there been a growing recognition of the harm that some moretraditional emergency responses can do to affected populations’ coping strategies and livelihoods, but therehas been an equal realisation of the central role that markets play in people’s lives, through giving themaccess to basic needs, jobs and income generating opportunities.
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CÔTED'IVOIREGUINEASIERRA LEONE
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LIBERIA
International boundaryCounty boundaryNational capitalCounty capitalAirport
 
Tchien
(Zwedru)
GRAND GEDEH
Map o Liberia’s Districts

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