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qs07

qs07

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Published by Jonel Pagalilauan

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Published by: Jonel Pagalilauan on May 09, 2012
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05/09/2012

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Qualifying exam, Spring 2007, Day 1
All problems are worth 10 points.
Problem 1.
(a) Let
be a linear map
, where
is a finite-dimensional vector spaceover an algebraically closed
k
. Show that
admits a non-zero eigenvector.(b) For
as above, show that
can be decomposed as a direct sum
 ⊕
i
i
of 
-stable subspaces
i
, such that for every
i
the restriction of 
to
i
equals the sumof a scalar operator
i
, and a
nilpotent 
operator

i
such that (

i
)
dim(
i
)
1
= 0.(c) Deduce that an
n
×
n
matrix over
k
can be conjugated to one in the Jordancanonical form.
Problem 2.
Let
1
,
2
,
3
,
4
be a collection of 4 distinct points in
P
2
. Show thatthis set is a complete intersection if and only if either all 4 points lie on the sameline, or no 3 points lie on the same line.
Problem 3.
Let
C
(
z
) be a rational function. Assume that
has no poles onthe closed right half-plane
Re
(
z
)
0 and is bounded on the imaginary axis. Showthat
is bounded on the right half-plane.
Problem 4.
Show that
3
minus two linked circles is homotopy equivalent to
1
×
1
.
Problem 5.
(a) Define orientability of a smooth manifold.(b) Let
be a
n
-dimensional submanifold of 
R
n
+1
. Show that
is orientable if and only if there exists a nowhere-vanishing normal vector field along
.
Problem 6.
Let
be a separable Banach space, and let
be its continuousdual. Consider the closed unit ball
B
(0
,
1)
endowed with the
weak 
topology.Construct a norm
||·||
new
on
such that the above topology is equivalent to onecorresponding to this norm.
1
 
2
Qualifying exam, Spring 2007, Day 2
All problems are worth 10 points.
Problem 1.
(a) Show that
Q
(
2 +
3) =
Q
(
2
,
3).(b) Let
M/K 
be a Galois field extension, and let
L
1
,L
2
be two in-termediate fields. Show that
L
1
L
2
as
-algebras if and only if 
Gal
(
M/L
1
) isconjugate to
Gal
(
M/L
2
) as subgroups of 
Gal
(
M/K 
).
Problem 2.
Construct an isomorphism from a smooth conic in
CP
2
to
CP
1
.
Problem 3.
(a) Prove the
Schwarz Lemma 
: Let
(
z
) be analytic for
|
z
|
<
1 and satisfy theconditions
(0) = 0 and
|
(
z
)
|
1; then
|
(
z
)
||
z
|
.(b) Let
(
z
) be analytic on the closed unit disk and satisfy
|
(
z
)
| ≤
c <
1. Showthat there is a unique solution in the unit disk to the equation
(
z
) =
z
.
Problem 4.
Consider the topological space, obtained from an annulus by identi-fying antipodal points on the outer circle and antipodal points on the inner circle(separately). Compute its fundamental group.
Problem 5.
Let
be a compact surface contained in a closed ball in
R
3
of radius
r
. Show that there exists at least one point
p
where the Gauss curvature andthe absolute value of mean curvature are bounded below by
1
r
2
and
1
r
respectively.
Problem 6.
Let
A
= [
a
ij
] be a real symmetric
n
×
n
matrix. Define
:
R
n
R
by
(
x
1
,...,x
n
) = exp(
a
ij
x
i
x
j
)
.
Prove that
L
1
(
R
n
) if and only if the matrix
A
is positive definite. Compute
1
if this is the case.

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