Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
qs09

qs09

Ratings: (0)|Views: 4|Likes:
Published by Jonel Pagalilauan

More info:

Published by: Jonel Pagalilauan on May 09, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/24/2014

pdf

text

original

 
QUALIFYING EXAMINATION
Harvard University
Department of MathematicsTuesday January 27, 2009 (Day 1)
1.
Let
P
n
2
1
be the space of nonzero
n
×
n
matrices mod scalars, and considerthe subsetΣ =
{
(
A,B
) :
AB
= 0
}
P
n
2
1
×
P
n
2
1
.
(a) Prove that Σ is a Zariski closed subset of 
P
n
2
1
×
P
n
2
1
.(b) Is Σ irreducible?(c) What is the dimension of Σ?
2.
Consider the integral
 
0
sin
x
·
x
a
1
dx.
(a) For which real values of 
a
does the integral converge absolutely? Forwhich does it converge conditionally?(b) Evaluate the integral for those values of 
a
for which it does converge.
3.
(a) Let
p
be a prime number. Show that a group
G
of order
p
n
(
n >
1) hasa nontrivial normal subgroup, that is,
G
is not a simple group.(b) Let
p
and
q
be primes,
p > q
. Show that a group
G
of order
pq
hasa normal Sylow
p
-subgroup. If G has also a normal Sylow
q
-subgroup,show that
G
is cyclic.(c) Give a necessary and sufficient condition on
p
and
q
for the existence of a non-abelian group of order
pq
. Justify your answer.
4.
Let
=
1
1
be a figure 8.(a) Exhibit two three-sheeted covering spaces
:
and
g
:
such that
and
are not homeomorphic.(b) Exhibit two three-sheeted covering spaces
:
and
g
:
such that
and
are homeomorphic, but not as covering spaces of 
(i.e., there is no homeomorphism
φ
:
such that
g
φ
=
).(c) Exhibit a normal (that is, Galois) three-sheeted covering space of 
.(d) Exhibit a non-normal three-sheeted covering space of 
.(e) Which of the above would still be possible if we were considering two-sheeted covering spaces instead of three-sheeted?.
 
5.
Suppose
is a bounded operator in a Hilbert space
and there exist a basis
{
e
k
}
for
such that
Te
k
=
λ
k
e
k
. Prove that
is compact if 
λ
k
0 as
k
.
6.
Let Σ
R
3
be a smooth 2-dimensional submanifold, and
n
: Σ
R
3
a smoothmap such that
n
(
 p
) is a unit length normal to Σ at
p
. Identify the tangentbundle
Σ as the subspace of pairs (
 p,v
)
Σ
×
R
3
such that
v
·
n
(
 p
) = 0,where
·
designates the Euclidean inner product. Suppose now that
t
p
(
t
)is a smoothly parametrized curve in
R
3
that lies on Σ. Prove that this curveis a geodesic if and only if 
 p
′′
(
t
)
·
(
n
(
 p
(
t
))
×
 p
(
t
)) = 0
t
Here,
p
is the derivative of the map
t
p
(
t
) and
p
′′
is the second derivative.
 
QUALIFYING EXAMINATION
Harvard University
Department of MathematicsWednesday January 28, 2009 (Day 2)
1.
Let
P
n
be a smooth algebraic curve.(a) Let Λ
P
n
be a general (
n
4)-plane. Show that the projection map
π
Λ
:
P
3
is an embedding.(b) Now let Λ
P
n
be a general (
n
3)-plane. Show that the projectionmap
π
Λ
:
P
2
is birational onto its image, and that the image curvehas only nodes (ordinary double points) as singularities.
2.
Show that the function defined by
(
z
) =
n
=0
z
2
n
is analytic in the open disc
|
z
|
<
1, but has no analytic continuation to anylarger domain.
3.
(a) Let
be the splitting field of the polynomial
(
x
) =
x
3
2 over
Q
. Findthe Galois group
G
of 
K/
Q
and describe its action on the roots of 
.(b) Let
be the splitting field of the polynomial
4
+
aX 
2
+
b
(where
a
,
b
Q
) over the rationals. Assuming that the polynomial is irreducible,prove that the Galois group
G
of the extension
K/
Q
is either
4
, or
2
×
2
, or the dihedral group
D
8
.
4.
Let
{
n
}
be a sequence of functions on the interval
= (0
,
1)
R
, andsuppose
n
in
L
 p
(
) for all
p
: 1
p <
. Does it imply that
n
almost everywhere? Does it imply that there is a subsequence of 
n
convergingto
almost everywhere? Prove your answer or give a counterexample.
5.
View
2
n
+1
as the unit sphere in
C
n
+1
, and in particular
1
as the unit circlein
C
. Define an action of 
1
on
2
n
+1
by
λ
: (
z
1
,...,z
n
+1
(
λz
1
,...,λz
n
+1
)The quotient is the space
CP
n
. View the projection map
π
:
2
n
+1
CP
n
asa principal
1
-bundle.(a) Explain why the restriction to
2
n
+1
of the 1-form
A
=12
1
k
n
=1
(
z
k
dz
k
z
k
dz
k
)defines a connection on this bundle.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->