U.S. Border Patrol2012-2016 Border Patrol National Strategy
challenges to any enforcement strategy. Today, thanks in large part to the successful implementation of the 2004Strategy, levels of illegal activity are substantially lower. This demonstrates that unprecedented levels of bordersecurity are within reach if we can successfully evolve our enforcement approaches to take advantage of pastsuccesses and meet these new security challenges.
For this reason, the rst goal of the 2012-2016 Strategy focuses on taking a risk-based approach to securing the
border. This involves a set of objectives, strategies and programs that utilize
to develop and deploy new and better tools, processes and approaches to achieve the Patrol’s operational
objectives. This means, for example, increasing the use of intelligence-driven operations to focus resourcesagainst the greatest threats. It means being more effective and efcient by using tools and methods like change-
detection techniques. It also means working with Federal, state, local, tribal, and foreign partners in an integratedand targeted manner. In short, it means using
to leverage and focusthe increased resources and organizational improvements from the 2004 Strategy to their maximum effect and
achieve the most focused enforcement benets against the greatest risks along our border.To gain the full benets from these new and improved tools, techniques, and approaches, the Border Patrol
also must achieve the second goal of this strategy: strengthening its own institutional capabilities. This meansimproving the skills and abilities of our personnel, optimizing our organizational structures and processes, andbecoming a more mature, sophisticated law enforcement organization.
When the goals of this 2012-2016 National Strategy are achieved, the Border Patrol will build upon its success
and continue the improvements in border security that have been achieved since 9/11. The Border Patrol willincrease and then sustain certainty of arrest of those who enter illegally between the ports of entry, reducesmuggling and crimes associated with smuggling, and ultimately prevent, and respond to potential terrorist
entry along our Nation’s borders. We will do so in a way that matches capabilities to threat in a risk-based
manner. We will continue to grow and mature the Border Patrol into one of the world’s premier law enforcementorganizations, and we will continue to make our borders safer than they have ever been. Honor First.Michael J. FisherChief U.S. Border Patrol
MESSAGE FROM THE CHIEF
he U.S. Border Patrol has proudly protected our borders since its founding in1924. Its mission has always been important. However, on 9/11, that missionimmediately became more vital than ever before to our nation’s security. Inlight of the 9/11 attacks, the Border Patrol’s leadership recognized that it had torealign its priorities, resources, and organizational structure to focus on the newhomeland security threat while simultaneously continuing to perform its importantlegacy missions including immigration enforcement and narcotics interdiction.Concurrently, the Border Patrol had to transition into a new parent organizationcreated as part of the new Department of Homeland Security. For these reasons, the
Border Patrol issued its rst National Strategy in 2004. That Strategy facilitated boththe Border Patrol’s successful achievement of its immediate post-9/11 goals and
objectives and its smooth transition into U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP).
The 2012-2016 Border Patrol National Strategy represents an evolution from the 2004 Strategy to account for, and
take advantage of, changes and improvements in the border environment and the Border Patrol since 9/11. Threatsto our border have evolved since 2004, and the Border Patrol’s resources and capabilities to meet these threats
have also grown. Accordingly, this National Strategy is structured to adjust to these evolving threats and to reectthe effectiveness of the Border Patrol’s additional resources and improved operational capabilities. Specically, the2012-2016 Strategy evolves from a resources-based approach toward a risk-based approach. This Strategy is built
on a framework using
to better secure our border in the most risk-based,effective and efcient manner.
The Post-9/11 Border Patrol National Strategy
The Border Patrol’s 2004 National Strategy focused on getting the Border Patrol organized and resourced to meetits new post-9/11 missions and to succeed in its new parent organization. For this reason, the 2004 Strategy hadtwo primary focuses. First, it organized the Border Patrol to be more centralized and headquarters-driven so that
new nationwide homeland security threats could be addressed nationally in a focused manner. Second, it focused
on resources – specically, on continuing to acquire and deploy the right mix of personnel, technology, and
infrastructure to incrementally gain control of our borders.
The 2004 Strategy has been successfully implemented and has achieved impressive results. For the rst time in its
history, the Border Patrol now has an enhanced national headquarters structure capable of centralizing guidanceand direction to its 20 subordinate sectors and the Border Patrol Academy. This centralization in a nationalheadquarters was necessary to accomplish a national security mission, and it has helped to successfully guide the
Border Patrol through a period of rapid resource growth in the eld.
2012: A Risk-Based Border Patrol National Strategy
The 2012-2016 Strategy has two interrelated and interdependent goals. First, we will secure the border using
in a risk-based manner. Second, we will grow, mature and strengthen the
Border Patrol so that it is able to take full advantage of these new tools and approaches.
This Strategy represents a natural evolution from an under-resourced organization focused on obtaining sufcient
personnel, technology and infrastructure to an organization that is managing rapid growth and is focused on
using these additional resources in the most effective and efcient manner to achieve the maximum enforcementbenets. Indeed, prior to the Border Patrol’s recent growth, the sheer volume of illegal cross-border activity posed