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Design of RCC Building Components

Design of RCC Building Components

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E2-E3/Civil Rev date: 01-04-2011
BSNL India For Internal Circulation Only
Page: 1
E2-E3: CIVILCHAPTER-1DESIGN OF RCC BUILDINGCOMPONENTS
 
E2-E3/Civil Rev date: 01-04-2011
BSNL India For Internal Circulation Only
Page: 2
Design of RCC Building Components
1.0 Introduction
The procedure for analysis and design of a given building will dependon the type of building, its complexity, the number of stories etc. Firstthe architectural drawings of the building are studied, structural systemis finalized sizes of structural members are decided and brought to theknowledge of the concerned architect. The procedure for structuraldesign will involve some steps which will depend on the type of building and also its complexity and the time available for structuraldesign. Often, the work is required to start soon, so the steps in designare to be arranged in such a way the foundation drawings can be takenup in hand within a reasonable period of time.Further, before starting the structural design, the following informationof data are required: (i) A set of architectural drawings;(ii) SoilInvestigation report (SIR) of soil data in lieu thereof; (iii) Location of the place or city in order to decide on wind and seismic loadings;(iv)Data for lifts, water tank capacities on top, special roof features orloadings, etc.Choice of an appropriate structural system for a given building is vitalfor its economy and safety. There are two type of building systems:-(a) Load Bearing Masonry Buildings.(b) Framed Buildings.
(a)
 
Load Bearing Masonry Buildings:-
Small buildings like houses with small spans of beams, slabs generallyconstructed as load bearing brick walls with reinforced concrete slabbeams. This system is suitable for building up to four or less stories.(asshown in fig. below). In such buildings crushing strength of bricksshall be 100 kg/cm
2
minimum for four stories. This system is adequatefor vertical loads it also serves to resists horizontal loads like wind &earthquake by box action . Further, to ensure its action againstearthquake , it is necessary to provide RCC Bands in horizontal &vertical reinforcement in brick wall as per
IS: 4326-1967( IndianStandards Code of Practice for Earthquake Resistant Constructionof Buildings.) .
In some Buildings, 115mm thick brick walls areprovided since these walls are incapable of supporting vertical loads,beams have to be provide along their lengths to support adjoining slab& the weight of 115mm thick brick wall of upper storey. Thesebeams are to rest on 230 mm thick brick walls or reinforced concrete
 
E2-E3/Civil Rev date: 01-04-2011
BSNL India For Internal Circulation Only
Page: 3columns if required. The design of Load Bearing Masonry Buildingsare done as per
IS:1905-1980 (Indian Standards Code of Practicefor Structural Safety of Buildings: Masonry Walls(SecondRevision).Load bearing brick wallStructural system
(b)
Framed Buildings:-
In these types of buildings reinforced concrete frames are provided inboth principal directions to resist vertical loads and the vertical loadsare transmitted to vertical framing system i.e columns and Foundations.This type of system is effective in resisting both vertical & horizontalloads. The brick walls are to be regarded as non load bearing fillerwalls only. This system is suitable for multi-storied building which isalso effective in resisting horizontal loads due to earthquake. In thissystem the floor slabs, generally 100-150 mm thick with spans rangingfrom 3.0 m to 7.0 m. In certain earthquake prone areas, even single ordouble storey buildings are made framed structures for safety reasons.Also the single storey buildings of large storey heights (5.0m or more ),like electric substation etc. are made framed structure as brick wallsof large heights are slender and load carrying capacity of such wallsreduces due to slenderness.

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