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CHF Impact Assessment Somali Region

CHF Impact Assessment Somali Region

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Published by: Feinstein International Center on May 10, 2012
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09/19/2012

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Impact
 
Assessment
 
of 
 
Small
Scale
 
Pump
 
Irrigation
 
in
 
the
 
Somali
 
Region
 
of 
 
Ethiopia
 
PLI
 
Policy
 
Project
 
September
 
2010
 
 
 
Acknowledgements
 
The
 
assessment
 
team
 
is
 
grateful
 
to
 
all
 
who
 
participated
 
in
 
the
 
impact
 
assessment
 
and
 
made
 
a
 
valuable
 
intellectual
 
contribution
 
to
 
the
 
assessment
 
process.
 
These
 
are
 
the
 
participants
 
of 
 
the
 
ABGs
 
from
 
Gode,
 
Kelafo
 
and
 
Mustahil
 
districts;
 
CHF
 
experts
 
namely
 
Mr.
 
Abuboker
 
Haji
 
Ali,
 
Mr.
 
Abdulahi
 
Mohamed,
 
Mr.
 
Mohamed
 
Ahmed,
 
Mr.
 
Issie
 
Ali,
 
Mr.
 
Heys
 
Farah
 
and
 
Mr.
 
Samuel
 
Tesfayethe;
 
irrigation
 
experts
 
consulted
 
in
 
Gode
 
town
 
namely
 
Mr.
 
Teyib
 
Sherif 
 
of 
 
FAO,
 
and
 
Mr.
 
Dereje
 
Rorisa
 
and
 
Salehu
 
Woldeyes
 
working
 
for
 
the
 
government
 
of 
 
Ethiopia
 
on
 
the
 
South
 
Gode
 
irrigation
 
development
 
project;
 
private
 
pump
 
owners
 
Mr.
 
Yussuf 
 
Issie
 
and
 
Ismail
 
Mahad
 
in
 
Kelafo;
 
elders
 
and
 
ex
settlers
 
from
 
the
 
Wollo
 
and
 
Gojam
 
area;
 
W/ro
 
Meselu
 
Abebe,
 
owner
 
of 
 
Jignoch
 
Hotel
 
who
 
organised
 
the
 
meeting
 
held
 
with
 
onion
 
traders
 
from
 
Somalia
 
in
 
Kelafo;
 
and
 
government
 
employed
 
human
 
health
 
experts
 
consulted
 
in
 
Mustahil
 
town.
 
The
 
team
 
would
 
also
 
like
 
to
 
thank
 
Mr.
 
Solomon
 
Tibebu
 
of 
 
CHF
 
Addis
 
Ababa
 
for
 
his
 
support
 
in
 
the
 
design,
 
planning
 
and
 
organisation
 
of 
 
the
 
assessment.
 
 
 
Contents
 
SUMMARY
 
..........................................................................................................................
 
I
 
1.
 
INTRODUCTION
 
.........................................................................................................
 
1
 
1.1
 
Background
 
to
 
small
scale
 
irrigation
 
development
 
in
 
Ethiopia
 
................................
 
1
 
1.2
 
CHF
 
L
SAP
 
Project
 
background
 
..................................................................................
 
3
 
1.3
 
Project
 
implementation.............................................................................................
 
4
 
2.
 
ASSESSMENT
 
METHODOLOGY
 
...................................................................................
 
5
 
2.1
 
Field
 
assessment
 
design
 
............................................................................................
 
5
 
2.1.1
 
Assessment
 
areas
 
.........................................................................................
 
6
 
2.1.2
 
Sampling
 
method
 
and
 
sample
 
sizes
 
..............................................................
 
7
 
2.1.3
 
Data
 
collection
 
methods
 
...............................................................................
 
8
 
2.1.4
 
Pre
testing
 
....................................................................................................
 
9
 
2.1.5
 
Triangulation
 
...............................................................................................
 
10
 
2.1.6
 
Data
 
analysis
 
...............................................................................................
 
10
 
2.2
 
Economic
 
analyses
 
...................................................................................................
 
10
 
3.
 
ASSESSMENT
 
FINDINGS
 
...........................................................................................
 
11
 
3.1
 
Background
 
information
 
on
 
crop
 
farming
 
along
 
the
 
Wabe
 
Shabelle
 
River.............
 
11
 
3.1.1
 
Traditional
 
land
 
management
 
and
 
livelihood
 
systems
 
...............................
 
11
 
3.1.2
 
The
 
development
 
of 
 
irrigated
 
agriculture
 
in
 
south
 
Gode
 
...........................
 
13
 
3.1.3
 
Traditional
 
crop
 
farming
 
practice
 
...............................................................
 
15
 
3.2
 
The
 
L
SAP
 
irrigation
 
project
 
findings
 
.......................................................................
 
16
 
3.2.1
 
Operational
 
status
 
of 
 
ABGs
 
.........................................................................
 
17
 
3.2.2
 
Group
 
membership
 
and
 
land
 
status
 
...........................................................
 
18
 
3.2.3
 
Production
 
histories
 
....................................................................................
 
19
 
a.
 
Gode
 
.....................................................................................................
 
20
 
Top:
 
Failed
 
banana
 
crop
 
at
 
Ilan
 
...............................................................
 
23
 
b.
 
Kelafo
 
...................................................................................................
 
23
 
c.
 
Mustahil
 
...............................................................................................
 
24
 
3.2.4
 
Trends
 
in
 
production,
 
costs,
 
sales
 
and
 
net
 
benefits
 
...................................
 
26
 
a.
 
Trends
 
in
 
wealth
 
groups,
 
non
ABG
 
members
 
in
 
Gode
 
........................
 
26
 
b.
 
Trends
 
among
 
L
SAP
 
participants
 
........................................................
 
27
 
3.2.5
 
Time
 
costs
 
of 
 
farming
 
by
 
ABG
 
households
 
.................................................
 
29
 
3.2.6
 
Zekat
 
...........................................................................................................
 
30
 
3.2.7
 
Benefits
 
and
 
risks
 
of 
 
growing
 
different
 
crop
 
varieties
 
................................
 
30
 
3.2.8
 
Perceptions
 
of 
 
the
 
benefits
 
of 
 
irrigated
 
farming
 
........................................
 
31
 
3.2.9
 
Common
 
risks
 
and
 
challenges
 
....................................................................
 
32
 
a.
 
Environmental
 
factors
 
.........................................................................
 
32
 
b.
 
Economic
 
factors
 
.................................................................................
 
33
 
c.
 
Social
 
factors
 
.......................................................................................
 
34
 
3.3
 
Cost
benefit
 
analysis
 
of 
 
irrigated
 
farming
 
in
 
Gode
 
..................................................
 
34
 
4.
 
DISCUSSION
 
.............................................................................................................
 
37
 
4.1
 
The
 
importance
 
of 
 
pre
project
 
analysis
 
..................................................................
 
37
 
4.1.1
 
Participatory
 
approaches
 
............................................................................
 
37
 
4.1.2
 
Pre
project
 
lessons
 
from
 
the
 
literature
 
......................................................
 
38
 
4.2
 
Project
 
monitoring
 
...................................................................................................
 
40
 
4.3
 
Livelihoods
 
issues
 
....................................................................................................
 
40
 

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