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In Anna

In Anna

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The Name of the Goddess InninAuthor(s): I. J. GelbReviewed work(s):Source:
Journal of Near Eastern Studies,
Vol. 19, No. 2 (Apr., 1960), pp. 72-79Published by:
Stable URL:
Accessed: 03/05/2012 02:46
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THE NAME OF THE GODDESS INNIN
I. J. GELB
As
FARas
I
cansurveythe vastAssy-
riologicalliterature,the name ofthefamous Sumeriangoddess,acceptedinthe courseoftime into the Akkadianpantheonandidentifiedwiththewell-known SemiticgoddessIHtar,has beengenerally interpretedasInanna,Innana,Ninni,etc.,and derived from theSumerianNin-anna,meaning"theladyofheaven."Cf.,e.g.:Nomsumeriend'I9tar.C'etaitsansdouteunnomcompose,puisqu'onletrouvefre-quemmentsuividu suffixedugenitif.InnanaestapparemmentpourNin-ana"la dame duciel"(comparerledialectalGasan-an-na)(Thureau-Dangin,TCLI[1910]p.61 andn.6).SecundumThur.Dg.CLp.61nom.sumer.abinitioerat:Nin-an-na,quaedeasehabe-
bat ad AnusicutNin-liladEn-lil,Nin-kiadEn-ki;etsicutexNin-judinakfiebatIn-Aubinak,sic exNin-an-naInanaetc.(Deimel,
PB[1914]No.1617).Aucours del'histoire,lenomde cettedeesse(=dNinni)sera6critetprononc6de
plusieursmanieres:In-na-na,In-na-an-na,
In-nin,En-nin.Al'origine,ondisaitsansdouteNin-an-na "ladamed'Anou duciel"
(Jean,Lareligionsumdrienne[Paris,1931]
p.62).
In-nin,In-ni-na,In-nin-na,In-nin-ni,In-nin-nu,Ir-ni-nas.d.,ausNin-an-naent-
standen(sieheLCp.61f.;Babyl.XV45)"HerrindesHimmels,"sumerische NamenderITtar(Tallqvist,AGE[1938]p.328).In-ninist einebesonders inaltbabyloni-schenTextenhiiufigbelegteSchreibungfiirnin-anna>in-anna,fallsdiesesappellativischgebrauchtist(Falkenstein,ZAXLIX[1949]126).Thetranslation"dieHimmelsherrin"isgivenibid.p.107:13 andelsewhere.Formeprimitive(d'Innina-Ninniest)Nin-anna(dialectaleGashan-an-na)"Dameduciel"(Dhorme,LesreligionsdeBabylonieetd'Assyrie[Paris, 1949]p.89).Inanna,aussiIninna, Ninni, etc.,vari-antesprobablesd'unprototypeNin.anna:"Damedu Ciel"(Bottero,Lareligionbaby-lonienne[Paris 1952]p.37).Asfor thebride, Inannak,hernamedevelopedfromNin-an-ak(cf.MDPXVIII
57,in which
Ur-dINANNA
isspelledoutas
ur-ni-in-[na]-na,and the variantformsNin-8u?inak/In-8ulinak,Nin-urta/Inu't),wouldappearto have meantoriginally"theladyof the date clusters"(an:sissinnu,laterreinterpretedas an:jamid)(Jacobsen,ZA LII[1957]108n.32;cf. alsop.109n.36).Apparentlythefact thatfor someyearsnow Ihave beenreadingthe nameoftheSumeriangoddessas Innin(cf.,e.g.,MADIp.230and FMp.333)hasbeen leftun-noticedinAssyriologicalliterature;atleastIhavenotnoted onesinglereview ofmy publicationsonOld Akkadiantexts,inwhich theinterpretationasInnin haseitherbeenquestionedorcommentedupon.HereinChicago,inmyownbailiwick,theNippur Expedition helpedtospreadthename ofInannaandthegloriesofthetempleofInanna,uncoveredatNippur,tothe farcornersof theworld.Itismyfirmconvictionthatboththereadingof the name of the Sumeriangod-dessasInanna, Ninni, etc.,anditsinter-pretationas "theladyofheaven,"nowcurrent inAssyriologicalliterature,arefalse and unwarranted. I shalltryinthefollowingpagesfirsttopresenttheevi-dencebearingon thesubjectandthentofollowitupwithdiscussion.Theevidenceheregatheredisorderedundertwohead-ings:A.Occurrencesinlexicaltextsand72
 
THENAMEOFTHEGODDESSINNIN
73explanatorylistsofDN's;B.Occurrencesinothertexts,includingnon-explanatorylists of DN's. ThenumerationusedinAand B is in accordancewiththegroupingof the evidencepresentedin thechartonp.76.
A.
OCCURRENCESINLEXICALTEXTSANDEXPLANATORYLISTSOF
DN's
1.
dINNIN:
dINNIN
/
dltar(KAV63:17).2. dIn-nin:
dln-nin[INNIN]
(CTXXV18ii30).4.nnn-ni-na:Ni-in
/
INNIN/
ja
dl-ni-nau-ma(CTXII 11 rev.i25).dKard-Jul/dIn-ni-na(RAX 81i4).Cf.Kdr-dun,dKar-dun=MItar
saqarrddinDeimel,PB Nos.1680,1678.
I-ni-en-na:ThePN'sUr-INNINand
Ur-dINNIN
arespelledsyllabicallyasUr-ri-ni-en-na andUr-Ni-in-rnal-nainanOBschooltext
(MDPXVIII57).
7.En-nin:En-nin/INNIN/djItar(CTXII11 rev. i26).8.dEn-ni-na:dEn-ni-na
/
KI.MIN(=dIltar)(KAV173:10).drEnl-ni-na/K[I.MIN](KAV48 ii6').9.dIn-na-na:
dln-na-na[INNIN]
/
dItar
'ate-bi-ib-[te](CT
XXV30:14).
in-na-na:e-.e-me-in/
KI.E.NE.DI.dINNIN
/
kienisa-al-kudin-na-na-ku
/
me-lul-td
ddVIftar
(CTXI 47iv15;50:8).di-ig-b[i-ir]/
KI.]NE.dINNIN
/kii-ziin-na-na-ku/a-sur?pi-in-d[i]? (CTXI50:26).ni(g)-id-ba/
SUKU.dINNIN
/u-ku-umin-na-nak-ku/ni-in-da-bu-u
(PBSV106 iii 15+JRAS1905P1.afterp.829 i5').Cf.also
ni-id-ba/
SUKU.dINNIN
/
ni-in-da-bu-u(AOFXVII120).in-na-an-na:ui-ku-ur-rim/
EN.ME.dlNNIN
/
enme-ein-na-an-na-ku
/
[e-nu9adIjtar](CTXI49:6).10.Na-na:
iURU.KI.AG.dINNIN
/Rak-na-na(IIR48ii16).
[URU.KI].tiGdINNINKI
/
Ra-ak-na-na(IIR50:67).11.Ni-in:Ni-in/
INNIN
/
~vd
In-ni-navu-ma(CTXII11 rev. i25).Ni-in
/
INNIN
/
MIN
(=dlItar1.27).Nin:Cf.theUr IIIPNwritten
Ur-dINNIN-da
(YOSIV43seal)with
Ur-dNin-da (1.4).FordNin-daseeDeimel,PBNo. 2483.
12.ni-in-ni:
SUKU.nti-n-nidIN[NIN
/ni-in-da-bu-d](IIR39:63ab=CT
XIX15).
13.drNinl?-ni-na:drNinl?-ni-na
/
K[I.MIN](=IUtar)(KAV48ii5').14.dNin-an-na:dNin-an-na/dlgtar(KAV173:8).d[Ni]n-an-na/
K[I.MIN]
(KAV48:4').4Nin-an-na/u(KAV50iii12,besidedEn-an-nain1.11;CT
XXIV4:19=IIIR69:23b,besidedEn-an-na).
d[]/aNin-an-na/dIltarMUL(CTXXV31:16).Cf.Sum.dGaan-an-na
=Akk.dltar(Reisner,SBHp.134:5f.;136:17f.;andmoreinDeimel,PBNo.485)and
rdlGanananna
/
dINNIN
/
dIg-tar
(Zimmern,
Abh. derphilol.-hist.K1.derK.Sdchs.Ges. derWiss.XXVII[1909]707,711,and714,=MSLIVp.8:81),inwhich
dINNIN
isidentifiedwithdIj-tarand
dGalnan-na,thelatterbeingtheEmesalformof
4Nin-an-na.

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