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KUMPULAN SOAL PATOFISIOLOGI

KUMPULAN SOAL PATOFISIOLOGI

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Published by Bayyinah Ardian

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Published by: Bayyinah Ardian on May 10, 2012
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05/12/2013

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2Limbvbc iki blbjbc ab}b p`ka`fbcbk c`pb|i|iq A L
4+ FBFBJ FIKEBJ
@KLBC _P]KBGBQB]I DB]GBQI <B
2+_`ky`mbm fbfbj fikebj bn| ggkyblip`}|igmbkfnbk lbjbg |ifb nb|`fh}ilibfkhq|in* blbjbc5
2+Buh|`gib _}b}`kbj=+Buh|`gib _bqab }`kbj1+Fbfbj fikebj ik|}ikq|i
<+cip`}|`kqi=+Ybkf |`}gqbn n` lbjbg p`kfhmb|bk fbfbjfikebj* blbjbc
2+_`kfhmb|bk Nhkq`}tb|id =+_`kfhmb|bk pk|pn g`ka`fbc b|bpg`kfcbgmb| nhgjinbqi1+_`kfhmb|bk \bcb Bnci}
<+MQQL
1+
M`m`}bpb p`kybni| ybkf q`}ikf nbjim`}lbgpbn pblb n`}qbnbk fikebj*
n`apbji 5
b+_`kybni| |`nbkbk lb}bc |ikffim+_`kybni| Libm`|`q G`jji|q
a+Bj`}fi
l+N`jbikbk b|higk* giqbjkyb jpq`}i|`gb|hqq qiq|`gin`+Blbkyb qgmb|bk pblb qbj}bk n`gic
<+
Qbjbc qb| gbkid`q|bqinjikin fbfbj fikebjn}hkin |`}lbpb| iq|ijbc
Q|hgb|i|iq+ q|hgb|i|iqg`}pbnbk5
b+]bqb |ilbn `kbn li gj|m+_`k}kbk m`}b| mblbka+Nji| n`nkikfbk lbk nhkq`k|}bqi }`bqbkfb| |ikffil+Cijbkfkyb }bqb li lb`}bc |`}|`k|
`+_`}blbkfbk jbiqbk gpjp|
0+
 Ybkf |`}gbqn n`lbjbg G`|hl` Gh}dhjhfinlibfkhqb p`kybni| fikebj+
N`apbji 5
b+_`g`}inqbbk Gin}hqnhpin P}ik`m+_`g`}inqbbk Mbn|`}ihjhfin P}ik`
a+_`g`}inqbbk Nigib p}ik`
l+_`g`}inqbbk ]blihjhfi`+Mihpqi Fikebj
4+
Lbpb| lihmb|i l`kfbk p`gm`}ibk fjnhqb lbkikqjik ik|}bt`kb ybkf bnbk g`gbqnnbk N 
.
n` lbjbg q`j* b|b l`kfbk p`gm`}ibk nbjqigfjnhkb| 2?% ik|}bt`kb+ p`}kyb|bbk |`}q`m|blbjbc p`kfhmb|bk k|n g`kfcbgmb|nhgpjinbqi li mbvbc iki 5b+Cip`}|`kqim+Ciph|`kqia+Ciphnbj`gib
l+Ci`}nbj`gib
`+Bk`gib6+Ybkf |`}gbqn n` lbjbg p`kybni| fbfbj fikebjp}ig`} blbjbc 5
2+FKB=+ K`d}hqnj`}hqiq1+ ci`}|`kqi gbjifkb
<+Ciph|`kqi
3+
 Ybkf |`}gbqn n` lbjbg e`kiq |}bkqpjbk|bqifikebj*
n`apbji 5
b+B|hf}bd|m+Iqhf}bd|
a+q`kqhf}bd|
l+bjjhf}bd|`+s`khf}bd|9+Q|blig li}`qiq fbfbj fikebj bn| ligjbi mijbn`jb}bk }ik` g`kikfnb| qbgpbi j`mic lb}i<?? gj(cb}i+M`}bpb jbgb vbn| m`}jbkfqkfq|blig li}`qiq*pblb ebvbmbk li mbvbc iki 5b+1 cb}i qbgpbi 2 gikffm+2 qbgpbi = gikffa+2 qbgpbi 1 gikff
l+= qbgbi 1 gikffp
`+= qbgpbi < gikff2?+_`kybni| Fikebj ik|}ikqin |`}q`}ikf ybkfg`ky`mbmnbk fbfbj fikebj blbjbc 5
b+k`n}hqiq |pmpjb} bnp| # B\K)
m+cip`}|`kqia+cip`}fjin`gibl+buh|`gib p}b}`kbj`+buh|`gib pbqab}`kbj
22+
M`m`}bpb n`blbbk p}b}`kbj ybkf pbjikfq`}ikf l`kfbk p`kikfnb|bk }iqinh fbfbj fikebjbn|*
n`apbji 5
b+p`gm`lbcbk bh}|b bmlhgikbjiqm+hp`}bqi ebk|kf |`}mnb
a+jpnb mbnb} }ikfbk
l+jnb mbnb} m`}b|`+qyhn nb}lihf`kin2=+qbjbc qb| f`ebjb fbfbj fikebj bn| blbjbchjif}ib* hjif}ib g`}pbnbk 5b+m`}n`gic li gbjbg cb}im+|`}ebli p`kigmkbk abi}bka+p`}blbkfbk jbpiqbk gj|l+thjg` bi} n`gic m`}|bgmbc lbjbg egjbc |bn |`}cikffb
`+thjpg` bi} n`gic m`}np}bkf b|bpbkp}ib ybi|p qbgb q`nbji |ilb|`}m`k|pn bi} n`gic
21+Fbfbj fikebj bn| ik|}ikqin iki |`}li}i lb}iK`n}hqiq \mjb| Bn| #B\K) * _`kybni|tbqnjb} lbk k`d}i|iq |mjhik|`}q|iqibj
Q`mbm
K`n}hqiq |mjb} bn| #B\K) g`}pbnbk j`qifikebj ybkf pbjikf q`}ikf g`ky`mbmnbk fbfbjfikebj bn| #60%)
 EBVBMBK 5 M
2<+Qbjbc qb| f`ebjb fbfbj fikebj bn| blbjbcKhn|}ib
Q`mbm
Khn|}ib g`}pbnbk m`}n`gic li qibkf cb}i
 EBVBMBK 5 A
20+_`ky`mbm k`d}h|hnqin pblb B\K blbjbck`d}h|hnqik `nqhf`k gbpk `klhf`k
Q`mbm
k`d}h|hnqik `nqhf`k gbpk `klhf`k ybkfmibqbkyb g`ky`mbmnbk |`}eblikyb fbfbjfikebj bn| l`kfbk B\K
 EBVBMBK 5 BDI\]I ]B\KB L@VI DB]GBQI <B
2+Fbfbj fikebj limbfi g`kebli m`}bpb e`kiq8B+ 2
M+ =
A+ 1L+ <@+ 0=+_`ky`mbm fbfbj fikebj n}hkin ybi|q`mbfbi m`}in|8b+\`nbkbk lb}bc |ikffi }`klbc
 
=Limbvbc iki blbjbc ab}b p`ka`fbcbk c`pb|i|iq A L
m+Fjhg`}pjhk`d}i|iq
a+qbj}bk n`gic mbfql+|ilbn n`jbikbk b|higk`+N`jbikbk cb|i1+_`ky`mbm fbfbj fikebj bn| ybi| q`mbfbim`}in|8b+_`kybni| |`nbkbk lb}bc }`klbc
m+G`kl`}i|b `kybni| nbkn`}
a+g`kl`}i|b p`kybni| ebk|kfl+|ilbn g`kl`}i|b jpq `}i|`gb|hqqqiq|`gin`+G`kl`}i|b p`kybni| cb|i<+F`ebjb p`kybni| fbfbj fikebj g`}pbnbk8b+ky`}i pikffbkfm+m`kfnbn gb|ba+l`gbgl+n`jbikbk ky`}i
`+q`gpb m`kb}
0+Limbvbc iki M`}b| fikebj q`ni|b}8b+24? f}bgm+2?? f}bga+2=? f}bg
l+20? f}bg
`+2<? f}bg4+Libfkhq` _blb p`g`}inqbbk lb}bc ybkfmibqb li|`gnbk q`mbfbi m`}in|8b+_`k}kbk nblb} }`b
m+Bqilhqiq
a+p`kikfnb|bk ti|bgik Ll+_`k}kbk nblb} ch}ghk`+p`kikfnb|bk nblb} nbjqig6+_`g`}inqbbk ybkf cb}q lijbnnbk Pk|ng`kl`|`nqi fbfbj fikebj g`}pbnbk8
b+
_`g`}inqbbk lb}bc #nblb} q`j lb}bc*}`g* n}`b|ikik* bqbg }b|* Nbjig*dhqdh}* nbjqig)m+Bi} q`ki #Gin}hqnhpin lbk p}h|`ik)a+]hk|f`k fikebjl+PQF lbk Mihpqi fikebj
`+q`gpb m`kb}
3+Q`m`jg \}bkqpjbk|bqi fikebj gbnb p`}jli jbnnbk p`g`}inqbbk ybkf g`}pbnbk8b+p`g`}inqbbk lb}bc }|ikm+p`g`}inqbbk ebk|kfa+p`g`}iqbbk P}ik ]|ikl+@NF lbk PQF
`+q`gpb m`kb}
9+Pk|n g`gmbkf abi}bk qiqb g`|bmhjiagbnb ybkf bnbk lijbnnbk blbjbc8
b+Libjiqb
m+p`g`}inqbk lb}bca+p`g`}inqbbk cb|il+p`g`}inqbbk }ik``+_`g`}inqbbk `gp`l2?+2+N`blbbk g`k|bj g`k}k=+
_`}inb}li|iq
 1+Cip`}nbj`gib<+Bk}ib0+Abi}bk ybkf m`}j`micbkIklinbqi lijbnnbkyb libjiqb g`}pbnbkb+2*=*1 m`kb}m+2*1 m`kb}a+=*< m`kb}l+< m`kb}
`+q`gpb m`kb}
22+
Liq`mbmnbk n}bk Fjhg`}jb}dij|}b|ihk }b|` #g`kffbgmb}nbk n`a`pb|bkfikebj g`gm`}qicnbk lb}bc) q`ni|b} 1?gj(gik blbjbc fbfbj fikebj5
B
2=+
]bg nji| blbjbc qbjbc qb|p`ky`mbm |`}eblikyb fbfbj fikebj bn|
B
21+
f}bkpjhgb|hqiq V`f`k`} 
* blbjbcp`ky`mbm |`}eblikyb n`}qbnbk p`gmjclb}bc li fikebj
B
2<+
Cil}hk`d}hqiq
blbjbc p`ky`mbm|`}eblikyb fbfbj fikebj bn|
Q@MBM
Blbkyb p`kygmb|bk bji}bk n`gic
B
20+
Liq`mbmnbk _`ky`gpi|bk pblbb}|`}i |bgb fikebj miqb g`kigmjnbk miqikf#
m}pi| 
) ybkf bnbk |`}l`kfb} pblbp`g`}inqbbk l`kfbk
q|`|hqnh
BC@Q\Y _]IQNB B_]IKB DB]GBQI <B
2+_`kybni| fbfbj fikebj m`}n`gmbkf q`ab}bp`}jbcbk n`b}bc ybkf q`gbnik m}nligbkb fikebj qbgb q`nbji |ilbn jbfi gbgpm`n`}eb q`mbfbigbkb dkkfqikyb+ Lbjbglkib n`lhn|`}bk fbfbj fikebj limbfig`kebli q`}bkfbk limbvbc iki 5b+Bn|m+N}hkiqa+q`kqi|it`
l+bnp| lbk n}hkiq
`+
|ilbn blb ybkf m`kb}=+fbfbj fikebj ybkf mibqbkyb liq`}|bi hj`chjif}ib # n`jb}bk }ik` : <??gj (cb}i)blbjbc 5
b+fbfbj fikebj bnp|
m+fbfbj fikebj n}hkiqa+fbfbj fikebj |ip`2l+fbfbj fikebj`+fbfbj fikebj |ip` =1+Fbfbj fikebj bn| ik|}ikqin iki |`}li}i lb}ilimbvbc iki n`abji 5b+K`n}hqiq \mjb| Bn| #B\K)m+_`kybni| tbqajb}
a+ikd`nqi buh|`gib
l+
k`d}i|iq |mjhik|`}q|iqibj`+B\K lbk k`d}i|iq<+_`}ebjbkbk njikiq fbfbj fikebj bn|mibqbkyb limbfi g`kebli |ifb q|blig*limbvbc iki n`abji 5b+q|blig hjif}ibm+q|blig li`}`qiq
a+q|blipg buh|`gib
l+q|blig p`gjicbk`+q|blig li`}`qiq lbk p`gjicbk
0+
Fbfbj fikebj n}hkin g`}pbnbkp`}n`gmbkfbk fbfbj fikebj ybkf p}hf}`qid lbk jbgmb| # mibqbkyb m`}jbkfqkfm`m`}bpb |bck *m`}jbkfqkf p}hf}`qid lbkanp jbke|* cbj iki |`}ebli einb jbe dij|}bqifjhg`}jb} kyb blbjbc 5
b+: 0? gj
m+0? gja+;2?? gjl+0?? gj`+0gj
 
1Limbvbc iki blbjbc ab}b p`ka`fbcbk c`pb|i|iq A L
4+\`}eblikyb fbfbj fikebj liq`mbmnbk hj`cm`m`}bpb p`kybni| q`}iq ybkf lil`l}i|bhj`c |mc ybkf gbkb q`ab}b p`}jbcbk'jbcbk m`}lbgpbn pblb n`}qbnbk h}fbkfikebj+ Blbpk m`m`}bpb p`kybni| ybkfq`}ikf nbji m`}lbgpbn n`}qbnbk fikebj*n`abji․b+Cip`}|`kqim+libm`|`q g`jji|q
a+libm`|`q ikqiilpq
l+nbkn`}`+n`jbikbk b|higk6+_`ky`mbm fbfbj fikebj bn| ggkyblip`}|igmbkfnbk lbjbg |ifb nb|`fh}ilibfkhq|in ybi| 5b+fbfbj fikebj `nq|}ikqin *fbfbj fikebjik|}ikqin * buh|`gibm+buh|`gi b pbqab }`kbj *fbfbjfikebj `nq|}ikqin*buh|`gib }`kbja+buh|`gib*buh|`gib pbqab}`kbj*buh|`gib p}b}`kbjl+fbfbjfikebj ik|}ikqin * fbfbj fikebjbn| * fbfbj fikebj n}hkiq
`+buh|`gib }b}`kbj * buh|`gibbqab}`kbj *fbfbj fikebj ik|}ikqin 
3+
Q|blig pblb fbfbj fikebj bn| ligjbimijb n`jb}bk }ik` g`kikfnb| qbgpbi j`miclb}i <?? gj p`} cb}i+ Lbk mibqbkybm`}jbkfqkf q`jbgb = qbgpbi 1 gikffblbjbc q|blig 5
b+q|blipg lip}`qiq
m+q|blig hjifh}iba+Q|blig p`gjicbkl+q|blig buh|`gib`+pbqab}`kbj9+Limbvbc iki blbjbc p`}ebjbkbk njikiqfbfbj fikebj *n`abji 5b+p`k}kbk ablbkfbk fikebjm+ikqdiqi`kqi fikebj
a+fbfbj fikebj q|blipg lip}`qiq
l+fbfbj fikebj`+fbfbj fikebj q|blig bnci}2?+p`kybni| fbfbj fikebj lbpb| lihmb|il`kfbk ab}b limbvbc iki+ybi|5b+libjiqiqm+|}bkqpjbk|bqi fikebja+n`gh|`}bpyl+|`}bpy
`+@+B lbk M m`kb}
22+
q|blig ybkf m`}jbkfqkf qbgpbi2 |bck* lbk q`jbgb gbqb i| bk`gib lbkn`gbgpbk p`g`nb|bk fikebj q`lini| l`giq`lini| g`gmbin+ Q|blig iki blbjbcq|blig5b+q|blig p`gjicbkm+q|blig li}`qiqa+q|blig hjif}ibl+q|blig bvbj`+q|blig bnci}
2=+
Qb| p}hq`q lidqi ub| |`}jb}|lbk bi} q`ab}b pbqid g`jbji qb|g`gm}bk` m`}ph}i lb}i qb| nhgpb}|`g`kabi} g`ke nhpb}|`g`k jbikkyb)*libk|b}bkyb blbjbc 5
b+
C`ghlibjiqb lbk Libjiqiq_`}i|hk`bjm+c`ghlibjiqba+n`gh|c`}bpyl+libjiqq p}b}`kbj`+|}bkqpjbk|bqi
21+
|}bkqpjbk|bqi fikebj g`}pbnbkab}b p`kfhmb|bk fbfbj fikebj + \}bkqpjbk|bqi fikebj lijbnnbk l`kfbk ebjbkg`kffbk|i fikebj ybkf }qbn l`kfbk fikebjybkf mb} l`kfbk |`nckin p`gm`lbcbk+ Ebvbmbk 5B
2<+
_`k}kbk ablbkfbk fikebj|`}ebli mijb FD] |}k 0?% lb}i kh}gbj +_`k}kbk FD] |ilbn g`ky`mbmnbkbngjbqi qiqb g`|bmhjia Ebvbmbk 5 B
20+
_`kybni| fbfbj fikebj q|blig bnci} \`}eblimijb FD] g`kebli n}bkf lb}i 0% lb}ikh}gbj+ Ebvbmbk 5B
INCQBK MPLIB]\H DB]GBQI <B
2+
_`}ebjbkbk njikin p`kybni| fbfbj fikebjbn| limbfi g`kebli |ifb q|blig q`mbfbim`}in|*+ + + +
b+
Li}`qiq* Hjif}ib* _`gjicbk
m+Hjifp}ib* Lip}`qiq* _`gpjicbk
a+Bn|* N}hkin* _`gjicbkl+N}hkin* Bn|* _`gjicbk`+\}bgb* Bn|* N}hkin
=+
H}bkf l`vbqb kh}gbj lbk q`cb|g`kf`n}`qi p}h|`ik lbjbg }ik` q`lini|kybblbjbc* + + +
b+
20? gf(cb}i
m+2?? gf(cb}ia+0? gf(cb}i
l+
=0? gf(cb}i
`+
=?? gf(cb}i
1+
_`kfhmb|bk fbfbj fikebj q`ab}bnhkq`}tb|id libk|b}bkyb l`kfbk ab}b li`|nbjig* egjbc li`| nbjig ybkflip`}mhj`cnbk lbjbg li`| blbjbc* + + + +
b+
<?'3? g@r(cb}
im+=?'<? g@r(cb}i
a+
2?'=? g@r(cb}i
l+
0'2? g@r(cb}i
`+
4?'3?g@r(cb}i
<+
M`}in| iki f`ebjb'f`ebjb fbfbj fikebj bn|*n`abji* + + + +b+Khn|}`b #m`}n`gic ligbjbg cb}i)m+Gbj lbk Gk|bc
a+Ikd`nqi qbjp}bk n`gic
l+_`gm`kfnbnbk |kfnbi`+]bg nji|
0+
Limbvbc iki |}bkqpjbk|bqi fikebj lijbnnbkn`|inb* + + + +b+\ilbn blb jbfi hmb| bgpc ybkflbpb| lim`}inbkm+\iklbnbk nhkq`}tb|id m`jglijbnnbka+_}hq`q libjyqiq |ilbn lijbnnbk
l+_`kybni| fbfbj fikebj |`jbcg`kabbi q|blipg bnci} b|bp fbfbjfikebj }bikbj

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