Applied Psychology Page 2
2.0 Human intelligence
Human intelligence is the collection of Abstract thought,Communication, Creativity, Emotional Intelligence,Knowledge, Learning, Memory, Problem solving, Reactiontime, Reasoning, Understanding, Visual processing.
2.1 Theories and Models
There are many different theories that explained the differentaspects of human intelligence in one or another way. Cattell
Carroll theory, Fluid and crystallized intelligence,General intelligence factor, Intelligence quotient, Theory of multiple intelligences, Triarchic theory of intelligence, PASStheory of intelligence.
2.1.1 Catell Horn Carroll Thoery
Recent advances in current theory and research on the structure of human cognitive abilities haveresulted in a new empirically derived model commonly referred to as the Cattell
Carrolltheory of cognitive abilities (CHC theory). CHC theory of cognitive abilities is an amalgamationof two similar theories about the content and structure of human cognitive abilities. The first of these two theories is Gf-Gc theory (Raymond Cattell, 1941; Horn 1965), and the second is JohnBissell Carroll's (1993) Three-Stratum theory. Carroll's expansion of Gf-Gc theory to CHCtheory was developed in the course of a major survey of research over the past 60 or 70 years onthe nature, identification, and structure of human cognitive abilities. That research involved theuse of the mathematical technique known as factor analysis. In comparison to other well-knowntheories of intelligence and cognitive abilities, CHC theory is the most comprehensive andempirically supported psychometric theory of the structure of cognitive and academic abilities.The CHC model was expanded by McGrew (1997), later revised with the help of Flanagan(1998), and extended again by McGrew (2011). There are a fairly large number of distinctindividual differences in cognitive ability, and CHC theory holds that the relationships amongthem can be derived by classifying them into three different strata: stratum I, "narrow" abilities;stratum II, "broad abilities"; and stratum III, consisting of a single "general" ability.
2.1.2 Fluid And Crystallized Intelligence
Fluid intelligence or fluid reasoning is the capacity to think logically and solve problems in novelsituations, independent of acquired knowledge. It is the ability to analyze novel problems,identify patterns and relationships that underpin these problems and the extrapolation of theseusing logic. It is necessary for all logical problem solving, especially scientific, mathematical and