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R C Circuits

# R C Circuits

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05/11/2012

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5/9/12
R-CCircuits
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IntroductiontoElectronics
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TransientresponseofRL
Contents
R-CCircuits
AnRCcircuitisshowninfig.
7.1.
Since,inpracticalcircuits,power
is
alwaysswitchedonatcertaintime,aswitchisprovidedhere.Thisswitchclosesattime
t
=
D.
Figure7.1:
An
RCCircuit
Weareinterestedinfindinghowvoltageacrosscapacitor
'il!:'(t)
changeswithtime?Wecanalsoassumethatvoltageacrossthecapacitor
is
zero
t
<
D.
UsingKirchoff'svoltagelawacrosstheonlyloopincircuitwecanfindtheequationrelating
'il!:"'il'l"
andV.Usingthecharactersticequationsofcapacitors,resistorsi.e.,
C
1J.
-=~
dt
andusingKVL
dV'
di
i
dt
=
R
dt
+
Cfor
t
>
Dfor
t
<
D
,i
(t)
=[)
di
d1J
RC-
+i
=
e-
dtdt
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5/9/12
R-CCircuits
....:IL
iIi
....:IL....:IL
dV
RC~He:-
+
~He:l,
=
C~He:-
dtdt
For
t
>
0
,V
=constant
dV
-=0
dt
d(
i~
!ta)
n
.....:IL
T
---"-__...::...
U::::}
1,~
He:
=.l.'l.
dt
Thus,
i
(t)
=
K~-
-da;
here
1-(
is
constant
At
t
=
0,
capacitorvoltagewillbe
o.
Hence
i(t
=
0)
=
j;e--daAlternatively,
Vf:=V-iR
at
t
=
0,
'!..If:
=
0
Th
K=V
us,
R
Thus,
(7.1)
Thecurvesshowing
'!Jf:(t)
and
i(t)
areshowninthefigures
7.2
and7.3.
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5/9/12
R-CCircuits
OCt)
Figure7.2:
i
vs
t
,,-------------------
t
Figure7.3:
VI!:.
vs
t
Theseshowtheexponetiallydecaying(growth)natureofcurrent(voltageacrosscapacitor).Considerthefigureshownin
7.1.
Theswitch
is
closedat
t
=
D.
Now,
V='!II!:.+iR
1
/_t
V=-
idt+iR
C._~
3/8