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CCRES - SOURCES OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

CCRES - SOURCES OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

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Published by Željko Serdar
Alternative energy or renewable energy is important for creating clean energy future not only for the individual nations but the whole world. It offers excellent alternatives to the fossil fuels to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases.
Alternative energy or renewable energy is important for creating clean energy future not only for the individual nations but the whole world. It offers excellent alternatives to the fossil fuels to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Željko Serdar on May 11, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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CCRES - SOURCES OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGYCROATIAN CENTER of RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES(CCRES)Sources of Alternative EnergyAlternative energy or renewable energy is important for creating clean energy future not only for the individual nations but the whole world. It offers excellent alternatives to the fossil fuels to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide andgreenhouse gases. The sources of the alternative energy are inexhaustible and one can rely on them for long-term basis Here are some important sources of alternative energy: 1) Solar energy:The energy obtained from the radiations of the sun is called as solar energy. Sun is the massive source of energy releasing radiations since billions of years non-stop. The radiations emitted by sun are vital for all the plant, animal and human lives on the earth. At present solar energy is being tapped successfully for a number of applications.Solar cooker is small box type equipment used for cooking of the food without requiring any additional fuel. There are number of variations of solar cooker withdifferent efficiencies and different sizes. Solar water heaters are used extensively for heating water that can be used for bathing, domestic use and industrial purposes. It saves lots of electricity costs and the burning of other fuels like wood, coal, LPG etc. Another very important application of the solar energy is the photovoltaic or PV cells. The PV cells comprise of the solar panels that absorb solar energy and store them in the batteries. The energy from the batteries can be used for different domestic as well industrial applicationsBesides these, there are number of other applications of solar energy like solarstreet lights, solar lanterns, calculators, mobiles etc. Solar energy is available abundantly in countries like India, China, US and others. It is considered to be one of the most resourceful sources of energy for future.2) Wind energy:The energy obtained from naturally flowing wind in the atmosphere is called as wind energy. Wind energy is available extensively in specific geographical locations without any costs. The wind in motion carries kinetic energy and it can be converted into mechanical and electrical energy. Presently wind energy is widelyused for the generation of electricity.To tap the energy from wind turbines are used. The wind turbine comprises of large blades looking like the fan. The blades are attached to the hub, which in turn is mounted on a shaft When the moving wind comes in contact with the blades itcauses the rotation of the blades, which in turn causes the rotation of the shaft at low speeds. This shaft is connected to the gear box and causes slow rotation of the input gears and fast rotation of output gears and shaft. The output shaft rotates in an alternator that produces electricity. To get sufficient amountof grid power, large number of wind turbines are required at a specific location, which is called as wind farm or wind power plant.3) Hydropower:The power obtained from the flow of water is called as hydraulic power or hydropower or water power. The alternative energy from water can be obtained in a num

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