212345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728constitutional protections. In addition, Defendants MCSO and Arpaio pursue apattern or practice of illegal retaliation against their perceived critics by subjectingthem to baseless criminal actions, unfounded civil lawsuits, or meritlessadministrative actions.2.
As a result of the pattern or practice of unlawful discrimination, Latinos inMaricopa County are systematically denied their constitutional rights; the relationshipbetween MCSO and key segments of the community is eroded, making it moredifficult for MCSO to fight crime; and the safety of prisoners and officers in the jailsis jeopardized. Constitutional policing is an essential element of effective lawenforcement. MCSO and Arpaio’s conduct is neither constitutional nor effective lawenforcement.3.
Defendant Maricopa County, which is responsible for funding andoversight of MCSO, has failed to ensure that MCSO’s programs or activities complywith the requirements of the Constitution and federal law.4.
The Defendants’ violations of the Constitution and laws of the UnitedStates are the product of a culture of disregard in MCSO for Latinos that starts at thetop and pervades the organization. MCSO jail employees frequently refer to Latinosas “wetbacks,” “Mexican bitches,” and “stupid Mexicans.” MCSO supervisorsinvolved in immigration enforcement have expressed anti-Latino bias, in one instancewidely distributing an email that included a photograph of a Chihuahua dog dressed inswimming gear with the caption “A Rare Photo of a Mexican Navy Seal.” MCSOand Arpaio’s words and actions set the tone and create a culture of bias thatcontributes to unlawful actions.5.
MCSO promotes, and is indifferent to, the discriminatory conduct of its lawenforcement officers, as is demonstrated by inadequate policies, ineffective training,virtually non-existent accountability measures, poor supervision, scant data collectionmechanisms, distorted enforcement prioritization, an ineffective complaint and