Marcet Boiler Experiment
MD Atiqur Rahman Faisal Page 2
Title : Marcet Boiler Experiment Introduction : Thermodynamics is a part of physics, which deals with work energy andpower of a system. Thermodynamics mainly works with large-scale system, whichcan be measured by experiment study of liquid or gas or the properties of fluid isalso a part of thermodynamics.Abstract : The experiment is going to be carried out to demonstrate the relationshipbetween the pressure and temperature of saturated steam in equilibrium. Marcet boiler is going to be used as apparatus.The Marcet boiler filled with water is to be healed first, until a certainabsolute pressure reached. Then the heater will be turned off and will be allowed tocool down to its initial temperature. The increasing and decreasing temperature willbe recorded for further use and calculation of the experiment.Objective : Demonstrating the relationship between pressure and temperature of asaturated steam in equilibrium with water and determining the pressure vaporcurve.Theory : As we know about ideal gas law and how they behave. The ideal gasequation states that, relates the pressure, specific volume or density and absolute
temperature with the mass of molecule and gas constant “R”.
Where,P= absolute pressure.V=volume.n= amount of substance in moles. Where, n=
R= ideal gas constant.T= absolute temperature in Kelvin.
In real life, real gas never exactly follows or obeys the equation. If a fewchanges are allowed on the ideal gas equation of state, then it can be applied on theproperties of real gas.When energy increases within water, the water molecules with the watergets excited and try to escape from the water in the form of steam
. It’s easier for the
molecules to escape, if the pressure is low.