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Published by: lesliebrodie on May 13, 2012
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No. 11-1203
================================================================
In The
Supreme Court of the United States
---------------------------------
---------------------------------SHOLOM RUBASHKIN,
 Petitioner,
v.UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
 Respondent.
---------------------------------
---------------------------------
On Petition For A Writ Of CertiorariTo The United States Court Of AppealsFor The Eighth Circuit
---------------------------------
---------------------------------
BRIEF OF THE ASSOCIATIONOF PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITYLAWYERS (APRL) AS
 AMICUS CURIAE
IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONER
---------------------------------
---------------------------------W. W
ILLIAM
H
ODES
, E
SQ
.T
HE
W
ILLIAM
H
ODES
L
 AW
F
IRM
 
Counsel of Record
 811 Chapman LoopLady Lake, FL 32162317-590-1692317-863-1163 (fax)wwh@hodeslaw.com================================================================
COCKLE LAW BRIEF PRINTING CO. (800) 225-6964OR CALL COLLECT (402) 342-2831
 
iTABLE OF CONTENTSPageINTEREST OF
 AMICUS CURIAE
........................ 1SUMMARY OF THE ARGUMENT ....................... 2 ARGUMENT ........................................................... 10I. The Trial Judge’s Admitted
 Ex Parte
Meet-ings with Prosecutors and Other ExecutiveBranch Personnel, Without More, WereSufficient to Require Her Disqualification,Because Her Impartiality Might Therefore“Reasonably Have Been Questioned” .......... 10 A. The Critical Element of Judicial Im-partiality and the Development of anObjective Standard for DeterminingWhen Disqualification is Required ....... 10B. Improper
 Ex Parte
Communications Be-tween the Court and Counsel or Par-ties are Prime Examples of Conductthat Would Cause a Reasonable Personto Call into Question the Judge’s Im-partiality ................................................ 16II. By Purporting to Resolve Disputed Issuesof Fact that Were Necessary to a Determi-nation of the Disqualification Issue, theTrial Judge Made Herself Both a Witnessand the Judge in her Own Case .................. 20III. The Trial Court’s Substantive Rulings andSentencing Decisions Give Further Sup-port to Reasonable Persons Who MightQuestion Her Impartiality ........................... 23CONCLUSION ....................................................... 24
 
iiTABLE OF AUTHORITIESPageC
 ASES
 
 Aetna Life Ins. Co. v. Lavoie
, 475 U.S. 813(1986) ........................................................... 11, 12, 13
 Arizona v. Fulminante
, 499 U.S. 279 (1991) ............. 10
Caperton v. A.T. Massey Coal Co.
, 129 S. Ct.2252 (2009) ........................................................ 13, 14
 Holmes v. United States
, 284 F.2d 716 (4th Cir.1960) ...................................................................... 3, 9
 In re Kensington International Limited,
368F.3d 289 (3d Cir. 2004) ...................................... 18, 23
 In re Murchison
, 349 U.S. 133 (1986) ........................ 13
 Johnson v. United States
, 520 U.S. 461 (1997) .........10
 Liljeberg v. Health Services Acquisition Corp.
,486 U.S. 847 (1988) ..................................... 15, 16, 23
Tumey v. Ohio
, 273 U.S. 510 (1927) ............... 11, 12, 13
U.S. v. Rubashkin
, 655 F.3d 849 (8th Cir.2011) .......................................................... 2, 3, 22, 23
United States v. Gonzalez-Lopez
, 548 U.S. 140(2006) ....................................................................... 10
United States v. Marcus
, 130 S. Ct. 2159 (2010) ....... 10
United States v. Martin De La Rosa-Loera
, No.08-1313 (N.D. Iowa, Aug. 13, 2008) ..........................5
United States v. Martinez
, 446 F.3d 878 (8thCir. 2006) ............................................................. 8, 18

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