scenario is just the contrary situation. Following are some of the threats andchallenges that electoral system in India is facing:1.
Candidates do not disclose the real nature and quantity of the cases of conviction and the pending charges against them. Also they do not disclosetheir actual assets value and property in front of the EC. The people havethe right to know every piece of information regarding their leader andrepresentative.2.
The security deposit for a candidate in Lok Sabha elections is rs.10000 whilethat for assemb
ly, council of states and Legislative Council elections it’s
rs.5000. Also a candidate is allowed to contest for 2 constituencies and if hewins both, he has to choose one resulting in bye elections in the otherconstituency leading to unnecessary expenditure. Sometimes candidates dothis for creating chaos within the process.3.
Criminalization of politics is the most gruesome flaw in the election system.
It’s more like the law breakers become the law makers as a candidate
becomes successful through money and muscle power rather than hisactual work. They take help of influential bureaucrats and big businessmenand in return turn a biased eye towards their work which adversely affectsthe society. Example- there are 93 MPs and 10 ministers in Manmmohan
Singh’s government who are liable for a void entry into elections.
Maintaining and auditing of the accounts of political parties is not fullytransparent. The Election expenditures incurred by the political parties, thefriends and supporters of the candidate are not considered as theexpenditures made by the candidate which is limited (according to section77 of RPA). This results in a lot of accumulation of black money which hasserious outcomes on the election results.5.
It seems very easy for any candidate or group of people to form a politicalparty which is non-serious in its job and only creates a mess out of thealready hectic procedure. There are around 150 such parties who have nospecific motive behind joining the elections but still they are granted theprovisions of forming a political party resulting in unnecessary load inelection management.