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SustainUS Policy Briefs: Part 1

SustainUS Policy Briefs: Part 1

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Published by olimarmaisonet
SustainUS policy briefs for Rio+20
SustainUS policy briefs for Rio+20

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Published by: olimarmaisonet on May 13, 2012
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 policy briefs on sustainable development 
may 2012
 As youth, we will inherit a world shaped by the outcomes of Rio+20. Over the past century, we have consistently seen theneeds of future generations neglected while ecosystems are abused and the people who depend on them are disregarded. This must end at Rio+20. Global economic and ecological crises are no longer distant possibilities; they are an immediatereality that requires bold collective action by the world's governments—something we have yet to see.Rio+20 is an opportunity to safeguard our future planet, but the current character of negotiations will not accomplishthis. Not only are they progressing slowly, but incredibly important issues are consistently being watered down or completelyignored. We call for a Rio+20 outcome that ensures bold and immediate action to protect the right of future generationsto lead meaningful, dignied and healthy lives. We have drafted a number of policy suggestions based on the ongoingnegotiations and call on Member States and the Secretariat to consider these proposals, while recognizing Rio's potential tobecome a global turning point.
 A robust Rio+20 outcome must:1. Protect future generations and the most marginalized.2. Build on, rather than reiterate, past agreements.3. Have an accountability framework to ensure concrete action.4. Employ the precautionary principle, especially in relation to planetary boundaries.5. Support the "polluter pays" principle by employing true cost accounting.6. Be human rights based.7. Respect gender equality.8. Support peace and nonviolence.9. Be based on common but differentiated responsibility, while considering countries’ respective capabilities.10. Employ a participatory approach to governance structures and policies.Each of these principles is an integral part of sustainable development and cannot be ignored.
Marisol Becerra, Rebecca Chan, Sarah Dayringer, Matt Maiorana, Olimar Maisonet-Guzmán, Hudson McFann, Emily Nosse-Leirer, Sarah Pendergast,Mike Sandmel, Sameera Savarala, Sophia SennettMay 2012© SustainUS. All Rights Reserved.SustainUS: U.S. Youth for Sustainable Developmentwww.sustainus.org
 policy briefs on sustainable development 
 According to the United Nations Population Fund(UNFPA), global population is currently 7 billion and isprojected to rise to 9 billion by the end of the century. The need to be conscious of the carrying capacity of theplanet will play a fundamental role in all future work forpoverty eradication and protection of the environment.Evidence presented by the UNFPA shows that human rightsbased approaches are effective in changing demographictrends. As shown in a 2010 report by Susheela Singh etal., published in
Studies in Family Planning
, a full 41% of pregnancies worldwide are unintended. Availability and easyaccess to family planning methods slow population growth,reduce stress on the environment, and decrease poverty.Consequently, the impacts of reproductive rights and healthextend far beyond women.Omitting safeguards for demographic policies supportingwomen’s right to choose the number, timing and spacing of their pregnancies compromises the realization of all othersustainable development objectives. All issues of women'sempowerment, including education and inclusion in theworkforce, are enabled in large part by these choices. Giventhe impact of childbearing and childrearing on a woman’slife, we believe that a woman’s fundamental human right toself-determination includes the right to choose the timingand spacing of pregnancies, and that a woman who cannoteasily control her childbearing will not be able to easily controlother aspects of her life. Access to family planning methodscan help lift families out of poverty and provide better futuresfor their children, including better nutrition and education. The link between population dynamics, sexual andreproductive rights and sustainable development hasbeen noted in numerous other international agreements.Rio Principle 8 emphasizes that “to achieve sustainabledevelopment and a higher quality of life for all people, Statesshould...promote appropriate demographic policies.” TheFifth Millenium Development Goal aims to “achieve universalaccess to reproductive health” by 2015. The UN InternationalConference on Population and Development, held in 1994,recognized the “basic right” of women and their partnersto choose “the number, spacing and timing of their childrenand to have the information and means...to attain the higheststandard of sexual and reproductive health” (ICPD Programof Action, para 7.3). The 21st century is the time to nally make family planningmethods and education about them easily available andacceptable, not only for the sake of women, but for the sakeof all people today and in the future. SustainUS thereforecalls for the inclusion of text promoting reproductive andsexual health and rights in the Rio+20 Outcome Document. As young people, we recognize the fundamental importancethat women’s rights will have on our future world. Althoughthe negotiating text regarding sexual and reproductive rightshave improved dramatically since the 2nd IntersessionalMeeting, there is still resistance from key groups andMember States. Those states who are actively opposing anyand all language proposing sexual and reproductive health,are adopting a position we see as antithetical to the veryconcept of sustainable development. We urge all MemberStates and organizations of the United Nations to supporttext that recognizes these fundamental rights for womenand for the benet of all people.

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