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3.2009 Trigonometry

3.2009 Trigonometry

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Trigonometry
-
understand the relationship of the secant, cosecant and cotangentfunctions to cosine, sine and tangent.
-
use the properties and graphs of all six trigonometric functions for anglesof any magnitude.
-
use trigonometrical identities for the simplification and exact evaluationof expressions and in the course of solving equations, and select anidentity or identities appropriate to the context, showing familiarity inparticular with the use of 
sec
2
θ
 
1 + tan
2
θ
; cosec
2
θ
 
1 + cot
2
θ
the expansions of sin(A
±
B), cos(A
±
B), tan(A
±
B)
the formulae for sin 2A, cos 2A and tan 2A
the expressions of a sin
θ
+ b cos
θ
in the forms R sin(
θ
 
±
 
α
) andR cos(
θ
 
±
 
α
)Know the following graphs
:
sin x, cos x, tan x, cosec x, sec x, cot x.
Relationship of the sec x to cos x, cosec x to sin x and cot x to tanx
sec
θ
=
θ
cos1
; cosec
θ
=
θ
sin1
; tan
θ
=
θθ
 cos sin
; cot
θ
=
θθ=θ
 sin cos tan1
sec
2
θ
= 1 + tan
2
θ
; cosec
2
θ
= 1 + cot
2
θ
; sin
2
θ
+ cos
2
θ
= 1
Find the values of x for each of the following equations,where 0
°
 
x
360
°
1.sin x = cosec x2. sin x cos x = sin x 3.2 cos
2
 x 3 cos x + 1 = 04. 2 cos
2
 x – 2 cos x + sin
2
 x = 0 5.sec
2
 x 1 = tan x6. tan
2
 x – 1 =
xcos1
 7.2 sin x cos x = 18. 2 sin
2
 x – 5 sin x + 2 = 0 9.sin x sec x + 1 = 2 tan x10. tan
2
 x – 3 sec x + 3 = 0 11.2 tan x = cot x + 112. sec x = 3 cos x 13.2 cos x = cot x14. 2 tan x = 3 sin x Answers1) 90
°
, 270
°
2) 0
°
, 180
°
, 360
°
3) 0
°
, 60
°
, 300
°
, 360
°
4) 0
°
, 360
°
5) 0
°
, 45
°
, 180
°
, 225
°
, 360
°
6) 60
°
, 180
°
, 300
°
7) 45
°
, 225
°
8) 30
°
, 150
°
9) 45
°
, 225
°
10) 0
°
, 60
°
, 300
°
,360
°
 11) 45
°
, 225
°
, 153.4
°
, 333.4
°
12) 54.7
°
, 125.3
°
, 234.7
°
, 305.3
°
13) 30
°
, 90
°
, 150
°
, 270
°
14) 0
°
, 180
°
, 360
°
, 48.2
°
, 311.8
°
 
Find the values of x for each of the following equations:
1.6 sin
2
 x 5 sin x + 1 = 0for 0
°
 
x
180
°
 2.3 sin x + 3cos x =
xsin-xcos 1
for 0
°
 
x
360
°
 3.2 cot
2
 x 5 cot x + 2 = 0for 0
°
< x < 360
°
 4.cos
2
 x – 3 sin
2
 x + 3 = 0for 0
°
 
x
360
°
 5.3 sin x + 2 = cosec xfor 0
°
< x < 1806.15 cos
2
 x 8 cos x + 1 = 0for 0
°
< x < 360
°
 7.tan x + 1 = 2 cot xfor 0
°
< x < 360
°
 8.5 sin x cos x 5 sin x 2 cos x + 2 = 0for 0
°
 
x
360
°
 9.sin
2
(x + 15
°
) = 0.6for 0
°
 
x
360
°
 10.cos
2
(2x + 10
°
) = 0.2for 0
°
 
x
360
°
 Answers1. 19.5
°
, 30
°
, 150
°
, 160.5
°
2. 35.3
°
, 144.7
°
, 215.3
°
, 324.7
°
3. 26.6
°
, 63.4
°
, 206.6
°
, 243.4
°
4. 90
°
, 270
°
5. 19.5
°
, 160.5
°
6. 70.5
°
, 78.5
°
, 281.5
°
, 289.5
°
7. 45
°
, 116.6
°
, 225
°
, 296.6
°
8. 0
°
, 23.6
°
, 156.4
°
, 360
°
9. 35.8
°
, 114.2
°
, 215.8
°
, 294.2
°
10. 26.7
°
, 53.3
°
, 116.7
°
, 143.3
°
, 206.7
°
, 233.3
°
, 296.7
°
, 323.3
°
Prove the following identities:
1.
sec
2
 x + cosec
2
 x
sec
2
 x cosec
2
 x
2.
cos x cosec x + sin x sec x
cosec x sec x3.sec x cosec x - cot x
tan x4.
xsec2xsin1xcos xcosxsin1
+++
5.
xcosecxsec2 xcosxsin x)cosxsin(
2
++
 6.(sec x – tan x) (cosec x + 1)
cot x7.
xsin-xcos xtanxcot xtan-xcot
22
+
 8.
 xcot xcos1  xsin -xeccos
+
9.(cot x – tan x) sin x
2 cos x – sec x10.cot
2
 x - cos
2
 x
cot
2
 x cos
2
 x11.(cosec x - cot x)
2
 
 
x cos1  xcos-1
+
 12.Prove the following(a)
 Asin-Acos AsinAcos  2Acos 2Asin1
+=+
 (b)
 2Atan-3Atan  Atan3Atan
=+
cos 2A(c)
 2A sin2Asec 1-Aecs
2
     =
 
 
The expansions of 
)tan(),cos(),sin(
B A B A B A
±±±
The formulae for
tan2Acos2A,sin2A,
 
 __________________________________________ sin(A
±
B) = sin A cos B
±
cos A sin Bcos(A + B) = cos A cos B – sin A sin Bcos (A – B) = cos A cos B + sin A sin Btan (A + B) =
Btan Atan-1  BtanAtan
+
 tan (A – B) =
Btan Atan1  BtanAtan
+
 sin 2A = 2 sin A cos Acos 2A = cos
2
A – sin
2
A = 2 cos
2
A – 1 = 1 – 2 sin
2
Atan 2A =
Atan-1  Atan2
2
 1.Find
12
cos
π  
and
127
tan
π  
using the known values of sine, cosine andtangent of 
3
π  
and
4
π  
2.
If 
34
tanA
=
and
1312
cosB
=
, find the possible values of sin (A – B) if A isacute.3.Given
1312
sin
=
 A
and
54
cos
=
 B
, where A and B are acute angles, find thevalue forsin (A – B)4.If sin A = 5/13, cos B = 1/5, find the exact values of, if A and B areacute,(i)sin (A + B)(ii)cos (A B)(iii)tan (A + B)5.Prove the following(a)(1 + sin 2A)/cos 2A = (cos A + sin A)/(cos A – sin A)(b)(tan 3A + tan A) / (tan 3A - tan A) = 2 cos 2A(c)(sec A 1)/ sec A = 2 sin
2
(A/2)(d)Find the exact value of cos 15
°
given that cos 30
°
=
23
 6.Without using tables find the exact value of:(a)sin 22.5
°
 
(b)
cos 22.5
°
 7.If tan A = ½ , tan B = 1/3 and tan C = 2/3, evaluate exactly(a)tan (A + B)(b)tan (B + C)(c)tan (C + A)8.Given that tan 2A = -24/7 where A is an acute angle, find sin A and cosA.9.Show that sin
π
/12 cos 5
π
/12 = (2 – 
3)/410.Using the expansion of sin (45
°
+ 30
°
) prove that sin 75
°
= (
2 +
6)/4.Find a similar expression for sin 15
°
.

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