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Table Of Contents

Introduction
The Environment of Close Elections in the African Union
Impact of Close Elections in the African Union
Examples of Close Elections in the African Union
Zambia Presidential Election 2008
Rationale for Power-Sharing Governments
Review of the Lomé Declaration Needed
Peace and Security Considerations
Peace and Security Machinery
Close Election Environment
Stakeholders and Close Elections in the African Union
Political and Electoral Impasse
Rationale of a National Unity Government
Impact of Unity Government on Democratic Elections
National Unity Government and EMBs
Close Elections and Democratic Development
Stakeholders and the Third Term
Geneses of Political Succession
and Failed States
The Nature of Political Succession
The African Union’s Approach to Illegitimate Succession
Consequence of Failed Political Succession
Political Succession and Failed States in the African Union
Restoration of Failed State to Good Standing
Stakeholders’ Role in Close Elections
The Electoral Management Body (EMB)
Government Ministry—Treasury
The Media
Attempts to Curb Media Excesses
Impact of Traditional Leaders on Close Elections
Civil Society Organizations and Close Elections
Other Partners’ Role
Overall Impact of Partners on Close Elections
Ownership of Elections in the AU
Polling Day Vigilance and Close Elections
Polling Staff Responsibilities
The Role of Agents of Parties and Candidates at Polling
Independent Election Observers
The Counting of Votes
Vote Tallying Process
Announcement of Election Results
Opinion Polls and Close Elections
The Kenyan Polling Experience in 2007
Errors, Errors and Incompetency
The Competitive Dimension
The ECK Secretariat
Financial Independence of the ECK
ECK’s Operational Procedures
The Ghana Experience in Elections 2008
Regulation of Electoral Campaigns
Origins and Nature of Electoral Disputes
Types of Election Disputes
Categorization of Electoral Disputes
Issues That Can Be Raised at Anytime
Pre-Polling Disputes
Election Dispute Settlement Procedures
Treatment of Election Disputes in the African Union
Procedures for Settling Election Disputes
Dispute Resolution Mechanism in Kenya in 2007
A New Approach to Electoral Disputes Resolution
Adequate Redress
The APRM and Political Succession in the AU
The APRM Process
How the Country Review Operates
The Peer Review Process in Nigeria72
Reform of the electoral system
The new Constitution and electoral provisions
Political Parties
The Constitutional Referendum
Critical analysis of constitutional and legal framework
to Coalition Government
Run-off Presidential Election—The Environment
The Power-Sharing Agreement
Legal interpretation and application of the GPA
The Transitional Government
Bad faith
Appointment of ministers
Epilogue
Political Succession in Malawi 2004-09
P. 1
Close Elections and Political Succession in the African Union

Close Elections and Political Succession in the African Union

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This book is about the problems encountered frequently in the Member States of the African Union with the impact of close elections on political succession at the political party leadership level and at the level of head of state and government. Evidence can be seen with respect to the national elections and their aftermath in 2007 & 08 and in Zimbabwe elections of 2008.The book analyses the reasons why close elections have had negative impact on some States of the Union and not others. A contrast in this regard was made in the book between close elections in Ghana (2008-09) and Zambia (2008) where close elections did not trigger violence with Kenya (2007) which experienced serious post-election violence and Zimbabwe (2008) which witnessed widespread pre-polling intimidation and violence. The book also looks at the incidence of unconstitutional change of government and its impact on political succession. It also considers the impact of close elections on illegal political succession and on failed States in the African Union.
This book is about the problems encountered frequently in the Member States of the African Union with the impact of close elections on political succession at the political party leadership level and at the level of head of state and government. Evidence can be seen with respect to the national elections and their aftermath in 2007 & 08 and in Zimbabwe elections of 2008.The book analyses the reasons why close elections have had negative impact on some States of the Union and not others. A contrast in this regard was made in the book between close elections in Ghana (2008-09) and Zambia (2008) where close elections did not trigger violence with Kenya (2007) which experienced serious post-election violence and Zimbabwe (2008) which witnessed widespread pre-polling intimidation and violence. The book also looks at the incidence of unconstitutional change of government and its impact on political succession. It also considers the impact of close elections on illegal political succession and on failed States in the African Union.

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Publish date: Mar 16, 2012
Added to Scribd: May 14, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781467889711
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