Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
6Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Ranciere Disagreement

Ranciere Disagreement

Ratings: (0)|Views: 89 |Likes:
Published by Kim Kang

More info:

Published by: Kim Kang on May 14, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/30/2013

pdf

text

original

 
.
.
iIIIiit......---__----~---~~------------------_----
TheUniversityofMinnesotagratefullyacknowledgesfinancialassistanceprovidedbytheFrenchMinistryofCultureforthetranslationofthisbook.ThepublicationofthisbookwasassistedbyabequestfromJosiahH.Chasetohonorhisparents,EllenRankinChaseandJosiahHookChase,Minnesotaterritorialpioneers.ThisprojecthasbeenassistedbytheCommonwealthGovernmentofAustraliathroughtheAustraliaCouncil,itsartsfundingandadvisorybody.Copyright1999bytheRegentsoftheUniversityofMinnesotaOriginallypublishedas
LaMesentente:Politique
et
philosophie,
copyright1995EditionsGaWee.
All
rightsreserved.Nopartofthispublicationmaybereproduced,storedinaretrievalsystem,ortransmitted,inany
form
orbyanymeans,electronic,mechanical,photocopying,recording,orotherwise,withoutthepriorwrittenpermission
of
thepublisher.Published
by
theUniversityofMinnesotaPress
1'11
ThirdAvenueSouth,Suite290Minneapolis,
MN
55401-2520http://www.upress.umn.eduLibraryofCongressCataloging-in-PublicationDataRanciere,Jacques.[Mesentente,English]Disagreement:politicsandphilosophy/Jacques
Ranciere~
translatedbyJulieRose.
p.
cm.Indudesbibliographicalreferencesandindex.ISBN0-8166-2844-0
1.
Politicalscience-Philosophy.I.Title.JA71.R255131998320'.0111-dc2198-42205PrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaonacid-freepaperTheUniversityofMinnesotaisanequal-opportunityeducatorandemployer.
1009
08
0706050403020100
99
10
98
7
65
43
2
1
Contents
Preface
VII
1.TheBeginningofPolitics12.Wrong:PoliticsandPolice213.TheRationalityofDisagreement434.FromArchipoliticstoMetapolitics615.DemocracyorConsensus956.PoliticsinItsNihilisticAge123Notes141Index
147
 
Preface
Thequestionwemustbearinmindis,equality
or
inequalityinwhatsortofthing?
For
thisisaproblem,andoneforwhichweneedpoliticalphilosophy.Aristotle,
Politics)1282
b
21
Is
there
anysuchthingaspoliticalphilosophy?Thequestionseemsin-
congruousfor
two
reasons.
First,
theorizing
about
community
and
its
purpose,aboutlawanditsfoundation,hasbeengoingoneversinceourphilosophicaltraditionkickedoffand
has
neverceasedtokeepitvital.Second,forawhilenow,politicalphilosophyhasbeenloudlytrumpet-ingitsreturnwithanewleaseonlife.CobbledforalongtimebyMarx-ism,whichturnedthepolitical
into
theexpression,ormask,ofsocialrelationships,subjecttopoachingby
the
social
and
thesocialsciences,today,withthecollapseofstateMarxismsandtheendofutopias,po-liticalphilosophyissupposedto
be
findingitscontemplativepurityintheprinciplesandformsofapoliticsitselfreturnedtoitsoriginalpu-
ritythankstothe
retreatofthesocialand
itsambiguities.
Thisreturnposesafewproblems,however.Whennotlimitedtocom-mentingoncertaintexts,famousorforgotten,fromoutofitsownhis-
vii
 
-
_______~-.-~"-----------
_.,_-_
...
..
..
PREFACE
tory,thisrejuvenatedpoliticalphilosophyseemsmostunwillingtogobeyondtheusualassortmentofargumentstrottedoutbyanystatead-ministrationinthinkingaboutdemocracyandthelaw,rightandthelegitimatestate.Inshort,themainaimseemstobetoensurecommu-nicationbetweenthegreatclassicdoctrinesandtheusualformsofstatelegitimizationweknowasliberaldemocracies.Butthesupposedcon-vergencebetweenthereturnofpoliticalphilosophyandthereturnofitsobject,politics,islackinginevidence.Atatimewhenthepoliticalwascontestedinthenameofthesocial,ofsocialmovementsorsocialscience,itwasnonethelessstillmanifestinthemultiplicityofmodalitiesandplaces,fromthestreettothefactorytotheuniversity.Theresurrec-tionofthepoliticalistodayrevealedinthediscretionofsuchmodali-tiesortheabsenceofsuchplaces.Onemayobjectthatthewholepointisthatpoliticspurgedhasonceagainfoundtheproperplacefordelib-erationanddecision-makingconcerningthecommongood,inassem-blieswherediscussionandlegislationtakeplace,spheresofstatewheredecisionsaremade,supremecourtsthatcheckwhethersuchdelibera-tionsanddecisionsconformtothelawsonwhichsocietyisbased.Theproblemisthatthesearetheveryplaceswherethedisenchantedopin-ionspreadsthatthereisn'tmuchtodeliberateandthatdecisionsmakethemselves,theworkpropertopoliticssimplyinvolvinganopportuneadaptabilityintermsofthedemandsoftheworldmarketplaceandtheequitabledistributionoftheprofitsandcostsofthisadaptability.Theresurrectionofpoliticalphilosophythussimultaneouslydeclaresitselftobetheevacuationofthepoliticalbyitsofficialrepresentatives.Thiscuriousconvergenceobligesustobacktracktopoliticalphi-losophy's
evidencepremiere.
Thattherehas(almost)alwaysbeenpoli-tics
in
philosophyinnowayprovesthatpoliticalphilosophyisanat-uraloffshootofthetreeofphilosophy.EveninDescartespoliticsisnotlistedamongthebranchesofthetree,medicineandmoralityapparentlycoveringthefieldwhereverotherphilosophiesencounteredpolitics.Thefirstpersoninourtraditiontocomeupagainstpolitics,Plato,onlydidsointheformofaradicalexceptionality.Asaphilosopher,SocratesneverreflectedonthepoliticsofAthens.HeistheonlyAthenianto
VIII
PREFACE
"dopolitics,"tobeinvolvedinpolitics
intruth
asopposedtoallthatisdoneinAthensinthenameofpolitics.
1
Thefirstencounterbetweenpoliticsandphilosophyisthatofanalternative:eitherthepoliticsofthepoliticiansorthatofthephilosophers.ThestarknessofthisPlatonicdisjunctionthusclarifieswhatremainsapparentintheambiguousrelationshipbetweentheassuranceofourpoliticalphilosophyandthediscretionofourpolitics.Thereisnoth-ingtosaythatpoliticalphilosophyisanaturaldivisionofphilosophy,accompanyingpoliticswithitstheory,howevercritical.Inthefirstplacethereisnothingtosaythatanysuchphilosophicalconfigurationcomesalongandeitherechoesthroughtheoryorfoundsthroughlegislationallthegreatformsofhumanacting-scientific,artistic,political,orotherwise.Philosophydoesnothavedivisionsthatthenlendthemselveseithertothebasicconceptpropertophilosophyortoareaswherephi-
losophy
reflectsonitselforonitslegislation.Philosophyhaspeculiarobjects,nodesofthoughtborneofsomeencounterwithpolitics,art,science,orwhateverotherreflectiveactivity,thatbearthemarkofaspecificparadox,conflict,aporia.Aristotlepointsthisoutinaphrasethatisoneofthefirstencountersbetweenthenoun
philosophy
andtheadjective
political:
"Equalityorinequality,comesdowntoaporiaandpoliticalphilosophy,'?Philosophybecomes"political"whenitem-
.
..-
bracesaporiaorthequandarypropertopolitics,'Politics,aswewill,see,isthatactivitywhichturnsonequalityasitsprinciple.Andtheprincipleofequalityistransformedbythedistributionofcommunitysharesasdefinedbyaquandary:whenisthereandwhenistherenot
equality
inthingsbetweenwhoandwhoelse?Whatarethese"things"
and
whoarethesewhos?Howdoesequalitycometoconsistofequality
and
inequalityt.Thatisthequandarypropertopoliticsbywhichpoli-ticsbecomes
a:-
quandaryforphilosophy,anobjectofphilosophy.Weshouldnottakethistomeanthatpiousvisioninwhichphilosophycomestotherescueofthepractitionerofpolitics,science,orart,ex-plainingthereasonforhisquandary
by
sheddinglightontheprin-cipleofhispractice.Philosophydoesnotcometoanyone'srescueand
.-DO
oneasksitto,eveniftherulesofetiquetteofsocialdemandhave
ix

Activity (6)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
DFBuysse liked this
semourti liked this
VDavidJames liked this
Pushpendra liked this
minamjah liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->