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Published by Qissa Khwani
© United Nations Development Programme 2003
reproduced for educational purposes
© United Nations Development Programme 2003
reproduced for educational purposes

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Published by: Qissa Khwani on May 14, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Akmal Hussain
With inputs from
A.R. Kemal, A.I. Hamid, Imran Ali, Khawar Mumtaz, Ayub Qutub
© United Nations Development Programme 2003All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced,stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means,electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise,without the prior permission of UNDP.ISBN969 8736 00XThe analysis and policy recommendations of the Report do not necessarily reflect the views of theUnited Nations Development Programme, its Executive Board or its Member States. The Report is anindependent publication commissioned by UNDP and authored byDr Akmal Hussain who deserves all the moral rights to this publication.Typeset in TimesPrinted in Pakistan byNew Sketch Graphics, Karachi.Produced byOxford University PressPlot No. 38, Sector 15, Korangi Industrial Area,Karachi-74900, Pakistan.
The National Human Development Report(NHDR) for Pakistan argues that povertycan only be overcome through theempowerment of the poor, especially poorwomen. The Report recommends a multi-dimensional strategy for poverty alleviation,including alternative economic growthstrategies and governance reforms. TheReport highlights the need for an integrated,national strategy of public policy and action.The NHDR presents the first applicationof the Human Development Index (HDI) atthe provincial and district levels. The HDIis a composite of living standard, longevityand education variables, and provides abaseline against which to measure the futuretrend in poverty, in Pakistan. This may becomplemented by the baseline of socialaudits under way that additionally includesubjective variables, including levels of citizen satisfaction, on devolution, health,education, police, justice, and water.The Report recommends the formationof autonomous organizations of the poor,and further maintains that empowerment of the poor requires establishing institutional
links between autonomous organizations of the poor and various tiers of localgovernment. In this connection, the Reportcan be discussed in the context of the LocalGovernment Ordinance 2001 that providesfor the organization of independent Citizen’sCommunity Boards equipped to access localcouncil development funds for theircommunity development projects to monitorthe services that are essential for the poor.This concept has the potential to bring abreakthrough on autonomous organizationfor the poor, participatory development,state-citizen relations at the local level, andcommunity empowerment.I wish to congratulate the PrincipalAuthor for two years of hard work withgreat dedication. It is hoped that the firstNational Human Development Report willcontribute in a constructive fashion to theongoing public discourse on the reductionof poverty and the advancement of theMillennium Development Goals whichPakistan has endorsed.Islamabad in March 2003Onder YucerUN Resident CoordinatorUNDP Resident Representative

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