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Leahy-Smith America Invents Act

Leahy-Smith America Invents Act

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Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: Thedford I. HItaffer on May 15, 2012
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PUBLIC LAW 112–29—SEPT. 16, 2011
LEAHY–SMITH AMERICA INVENTS ACT
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125 STAT. 284 PUBLIC LAW 112–29—SEPT. 16, 2011
Public Law 112–29112th Congress An Act
To amend title 35, United States Code, to provide for patent reform.
 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
(a) S
HORT
T
ITLE
.—This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Leahy-Smith America Invents Act’’.(b) T
 ABLE OF
C
ONTENTS
.—The table of contents for this Actis as follows:
Sec.1.Short title; table of contents.Sec.2.Definitions.Sec.3.First inventor to file.Sec.4.Inventor’s oath or declaration.Sec.5.Defense to infringement based on prior commercial use.Sec.6.Post-grant review proceedings.Sec.7.Patent Trial and Appeal Board.Sec.8.Preissuance submissions by third parties.Sec.9.Venue.Sec.10.Fee setting authority.Sec.11.Fees for patent services.Sec.12.Supplemental examination.Sec.13.Funding agreements.Sec.14.Tax strategies deemed within the prior art.Sec.15.Best mode requirement.Sec.16.Marking.Sec.17.Advice of counsel.Sec.18.Transitional program for covered business method patents.Sec.19.Jurisdiction and procedural matters.Sec.20.Technical amendments.Sec.21.Travel expenses and payment of administrative judges.Sec.22.Patent and Trademark Office funding.Sec.23.Satellite offices.Sec.24.Designation of Detroit satellite office.Sec.25.Priority examination for important technologies.Sec.26.Study on implementation.Sec.27.Study on genetic testing.Sec.28.Patent Ombudsman Program for small business concerns.Sec.29.Establishment of methods for studying the diversity of applicants.Sec.30.Sense of Congress.Sec.31.USPTO study on international patent protections for small businesses.Sec.32.Pro bono program.Sec.33.Limitation on issuance of patents.Sec.34.Study of patent litigation.Sec.35.Effective date.Sec.36.Budgetary effects.Sec.37.Calculation of 60-day period for application of patent term extension.
SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.
In this Act:(1) D
IRECTOR
.—The term ‘‘Director’’ means the Under Sec-retary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office.
35 USC 1 note.35 USC 1 note.Leahy-Smith America Invents Act.Sept. 16, 2011[H.R. 1249]
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125 STAT. 285PUBLIC LAW 112–29—SEPT. 16, 2011
(2) O
FFICE
.—The term ‘‘Office’’ means the United StatesPatent and Trademark Office.(3) P
 ATENT PUBLIC ADVISORY COMMITTEE
.—The term‘‘Patent Public Advisory Committee’’ means the Patent Public Advisory Committee established under section 5(a) of title 35,United States Code.(4) T
RADEMARK ACT OF 1946
.—The term ‘‘Trademark Actof 1946’’ means the Act entitled ‘‘An Act to provide for theregistration and protection of trademarks used in commerce,to carry out the provisions of certain international conventions,and for other purposes’’, approved July 5, 1946 (15 U.S.C.1051 et seq.) (commonly referred to as the ‘‘Trademark Actof 1946’’ or the ‘‘Lanham Act’’).(5) T
RADEMARK PUBLIC ADVISORY COMMITTEE
.—The term‘‘Trademark Public Advisory Committee’’ means the TrademarkPublic Advisory Committee established under section 5(a) of title 35, United States Code.
SEC. 3. FIRST INVENTOR TO FILE.
(a) D
EFINITIONS
.—Section 100 of title 35, United States Code,is amended—(1) in subsection (e), by striking ‘‘or inter partes reexamina-tion under section 311’’; and(2) by adding at the end the following:‘‘(f) The term ‘inventor’ means the individual or, if a jointinvention, the individuals collectively who invented or discoveredthe subject matter of the invention.‘‘(g) The terms ‘joint inventor’ and ‘coinventor’ mean any 1of the individuals who invented or discovered the subject matterof a joint invention.‘‘(h) The term ‘joint research agreement’ means a written con-tract, grant, or cooperative agreement entered into by 2 or morepersons or entities for the performance of experimental, develop-mental, or research work in the field of the claimed invention.‘‘(i)(1) The term ‘effective filing date’ for a claimed inventionin a patent or application for patent means—‘‘(A) if subparagraph (B) does not apply, the actual filingdate of the patent or the application for the patent containinga claim to the invention; or‘‘(B) the filing date of the earliest application for whichthe patent or application is entitled, as to such invention,to a right of priority under section 119, 365(a), or 365(b) orto the benefit of an earlier filing date under section 120, 121,or 365(c).‘‘(2) The effective filing date for a claimed invention in anapplication for reissue or reissued patent shall be determined bydeeming the claim to the invention to have been contained inthe patent for which reissue was sought.‘‘(j) The term ‘claimed invention’ means the subject matterdefined by a claim in a patent or an application for a patent.’’.(b) C
ONDITIONS FOR
P
 ATENTABILITY
.—(1) I
N GENERAL
.—Section 102 of title 35, United StatesCode, is amended to read as follows:
‘‘§102. Conditions for patentability; novelty
‘‘(a) N
OVELTY
; P
RIOR
 A
RT
.—A person shall be entitled to apatent unless—
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