Poster Paper Proc. of Int. Conf. on Advances in Civil Engineering 2011
© 2011 ACEEDOI: 02.ACE.2011.02.
Planning for Conservation of Heritage Areas in OldGoa: Issues and Strategies
Shaikh Ali Ahmed
and Dr. B. Shankar
Research Scholar and Planning Assistant, North Goa Planning andDevelopment Authority, Panaji, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Associate Professor, Institute of Development Studies, University of Mysore, MysoreE-mail: email@example.com (Corresponding author)29
Old Goa known is for its heritage and having richculture, world famous monuments viz. churches and temples,inherited natural scenic beauty and attractive beaches. It wasformally a Portuguese colony and now it is one of the importanttourist destinations in India. The Old Goa has a number of heritage sites and monuments. The UNESCO has declaredOld-Goa as World Heritage Site in 1986. The heritage areashave come under tremendous threat due to non comprehensiveapproach by the agencies involved in conserving includingpeople at large. The paper deal with heritage monuments andtheir significance assessment which were evaluated by usinghistorical, architectural, environmental and cultural criteria,conservation issues and measures for planning anddevelopment of heritage areas in Old Goa.
Index of Terms
: Heritage Areas, Significance Assessment,Conservation, Strategies.
The Old-Goa has as many as fifty monuments and sites.It encompasses individual heritage buildings of finearchitectural quality including archaeological remains, ruins,buildings and monuments. The rich built heritage componentof Old-Goa is a part of cultural heritage of the people whichsymbolizes the interactions of the cultures and in particularthat has a number of churches and convents. Most of thesechurches are constructed way back in the 16th century andare the best examples of Manueline and Gothic architecture.These churches have very intricate detailing andornamentation reflecting the past and playing an importantrole in shaping the community to know about the ancientculture, way of life, architecture, level of development, buildingtechniques, and use of material, art and other aspects of thesociety of a particular period.Therefore, it becomes necessaryto appraise the repository of heritage structures, which areto be carefully preserved, conserved and managed. Sevenout of fifty monuments are located in the central area and theareas around these monuments have come under tremendousthreat due to increase in core functional activities, decay,congestion and new incongruent developments. Therefore,the heritage needs to be addressed sympathetically foreffective conservation of heritage areas. The paper deals withthe heritage areas, significance assessment of heritagemonuments, issues of heritage areas and conservationmeasures proposed for conserving the heritage areas in OldGoa in harmonized manner.II.B
Old Goa was the capital of Portuguese and Port city in16
century. It was a principal city of Portuguese EasternEmpire internationally renowned for its rich heritage, culture,famous monuments viz. churches, convents, temples andbeaches; visited by hundreds of thousands of foreign anddomestic tourists each year; and one of the most popularholiday destinations; and is also known as the Rome of theEast. It has a number of churches and convent; most of thesechurches date back to the 16th century and are best examplesof Manueline and Gothic architecture having very intricatedetailing and ornamentation. Most of the important churchesare located in Old Goa, on the East of Panaji, about a distanceof 10 kms.The area around Basilica of Bom Jesus has been declaredas a preservation area and admeasures approximately 801 ha,and it includes about fifty sites and buildings. The churcheshave been declared as World Heritage Monuments byUNESCO in 1986. A native of Goa is called a Goan in English,‘Goenkar’ in Konkani, ‘Goês’ (male) or ‘Goesa’ (female) inPortuguese, and a ‘Govekar’ in Marathi.Old Goa, the burial place of St. Francis Xavier, known forits unique cultural atmosphere, which is the result of theinfluences absorbed after 450 years long Portuguese rule.The influence has left a deep impact on the local traditions inall spheres and has formed a distinct cultural identity of thepeople of Goa. St. Francis Xavier had come to Goa to blessthis land and its people. His mortal remains and spirit stillresided at the imposing Basilica of Bom Jesus at Old Goa. St.Francis Xavier was an instrument to carry with him the gospelof Jesus but more than that he also carried a way of life of people, their ethos and a rich culture in which perhaps dance,music, arts, crafts, architecture, festivals, fun and frolic wereall entwined with each other.Goa, therefore, has become “A
symbol of religious co-existence, tolerance, and a unique example of cross fertilizationof cultures in our vast, multi-racial, multi-lingual, multi-dimensional complex society”. It has developed a strongidentity of its own and that is why Goa was chosen, thoughit was a difficult choice with so many identifiable roots thatexists in an ancient country like India. Goa is known for
“nature’s own beautiful gift
” that combines all the threeaspects of heritage namely natural heritage, built heritageand cultural heritage.51