problem and Northern Nigerian society as indicating the problem is compounded bythe integration of the terrorists into the social fabric of Northern Nigeria.
Boko Haram's Mutually Reinforcing Propaganda and MilitaryStrategies
Anger in Northern Nigeria over the Outcome of the 2011Presidential Elections
I am not sure if I can explain this integration concept very well here but I can begin by stating that one view is that the terrorists are particularly difficult to flush out onaccount of their successful use of both terror and claims of being Islamic soldiersadvancing and protecting the interests of Muslims. Through terror, they make peopleafraid to help the government fish them out. Through sending mixed signals of beingMuslim and Northern soldiers, they can be described as trying to gain someideological respectability and possibly feed into the sense of being cheated by aSoutherner becoming President expressed by PDP Northern members who understoodthat as the betrayal of the PDP zoning agreement as well as by those Buharisupporters who went on a murderous rampage against perceived enemies whenBuhari lost, leading to a yet uncounted number of people killed by these pro-Buharisupporters, including youth corpers on compulsory post graduation national service,young people cut down by these murderers because they participated in electionmanagement in the North, of whom only eleven killed in Bauchi state have beenofficially recognized by the government, to the best of my knowledge, while theseattacks on youth corpers took place in other Northern states apart from Bauchi.So, there is a wellspring of anger in Northern Nigeria that has discredited thegovernment in the eyes of many people, a wellspring that Boko Haram could betapping into for identification with aggrieved people in Boko Haram's fight againstthe government, particularly as Boko Haram at various times emphasizes on or other of its goals from Islamising Nigeria to revenge for their murdered leader to avengingand protecting Muslims to trying to discredit the government to trying to create adivision in the country along ethnic and religious lines.Shehu Sani is of the view that one reason why Northern political figures are not asmotivated as they could be in addressing the problem is that they feel alienated fromthe present political arrangement, a comment that can be connected to feeling cheated by PDP not zoning the Presidency to the North as allegedly earlier agreed within thePDP.Atiku Abubakar had promised violent change on account of a Southerner becomingPresident. Another of his colleagues had threatened that the country would becomeungovernable for the same reason. .These pronouncements from these men, rich, economically and politically powerful,highly connected, and fanatical in their utterances, utterances they have never denied,modified, retracted or apologized for, even after increasingly loud voices, from WoleSoyinka onwards, either suggested or stated that they are culpable for this terroristcrisis, using Boko Haram as a military wing in pursuing a political goal, necessitatesat the very least recognizing an implicit link between these Northern politicians and