Integrating LBS, GIS and SMS Technologies for theEffective Monitoring of Road Network
Souad El houssaini*, Abdelmajid Badri
Laboratoire d'Electronique, Electrotechnique, Automatique & Traitement de l’Information
Faculté des Sciences et Techniques de Mohammedia, Université Hassan II Mohammedia-Casablanca, B.P.146Mohammedia, Moroccosouad_elhoussaini@yahoo.fr ; firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper presents an integrated framework of Geographic Information System (GIS), Android Platform and aRelational Database Management System (RDBMS) equippedwith interactive communication capabilities. The modelintegrates the design of the database and the management of implementation of the monitoring system which includes theoperations of query and analysis using the web and desktopapplications. This study aims to apply techniques of analysis of the road network in a GIS to collect geographic data on themonitoring station and the roads. The information on roadinfrastructure is not only useful for locating monitoring stations,but it is also important to guide a station to follow the shortestpath to achieve the objectives of management and routing.Optimal routes based on the minimum cost are identified usingDijkstra’s algorithm. This paper also presents a softwaredevelopment on Android Platform which applies Cell Identifiermethod for improving the accuracy of location, it is notnecessary to have an Internet connection as the requestingemergency can use a Short Message Service
(SMS) to request anurgent service. The proposed system should be an effective andintelligent tool for a rapid intervention and to improve themonitoring of the road network which can eventually beextended to a national infrastructure of GIS. Simulated testcases have been carried out for network of Mohammedia City inMorocco.
Keywords: GIS;Location; Routing; SMS;Android; Cell Identifier .
INTRODUCTIONRoad safety has long been a major concern in the roadsector. Road accidents can cause serious injury or death;these effects can also lead to significant economic losses forthe payee. The accelerated rapid development of wirelessnetwork and mobile computing technologies has increasedthe convenience of mobile information services for to solvingreal-life problems, such as monitoring of road accidents. Ingeneral, the Location-Based Service (LBS), a softwareapplication which retrieves information about where a mobiledevice is located, uses GPS (Global Positioning System) toindicate the geographical position of the mobile device. Sinceall mobile devices cannot be equipped with GPS receiver, theGPS may not be suitable for location of the requestingemergency. In order to solve this problem, Cell Identifierwhich indicates mobile device position by using station baseinformation is introduced in this research. With the facilitiesof Android that provides LBS components for retrievinginformation about where a mobile device is located , asystem that retrieves the location of the mobile wasdeveloped. The results from this process are composed of mobile’s particulars information: MCC (Mobile CountryCode), MNC (Mobile Network Code), Cell ID (CellIdentifier)
and LAC (Location Area Code), this information issent by SMS from the mobile of requesting emergency to themonitoring system. Teleoperator can use these clues to locatethe phone and inform the monitoring stations in order to saveproperty and people.This study aims also to implement and evaluate amethodology based on GIS (Geographic Information System)to determine optimal routes of the road network using keyinformation items based on cost of distance. With this paperwe will try to help and fill that gap, presenting a decision toolfor monitoring stations for location and routing. Thisapproach saves time. This article is comprised of thefollowing parts: Part 2, which introduces available tools; Part3, which describes the structure of the proposed system; Part4 which examines the implementation; Part 5, whichdiscusses the experiment result; and finally Part 6, theconclusion.II.
Global Positioning System (GPS): Outdoor Localization System
GPS is a system used for determining the position of interesting objects such as person, pets or vehicles. Thissystem receives satellite signals and calculates the position of mobile device of which a SIM card is installed for sendingthe co-ordinate (latitude and longitude) of its position to therecipient .
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 10, No. 3, March 20121http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500