Kekre’s Wavelet Transform for ImageFusion and Comparison with Other PixelBased Image Fusion Techniques
Dr. H.B. kekre Dr.Tanuja Sarode Rachana DhannawatMPSTME, SVKM’S Computer engineering department, Computer Sci. & engg. department, NMIMS university Thadomal Shahani Engineering college S.N.D.T. University, Mumbai.
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Image fusion combines severalimages of same object or scene so that the final outputimage contains more information. The mainrequirement of the fusion process is to identify the mostsignificant features in the input images and to transferthem without loss into the fused image. In this papermany pixel level fusion techniques like DCT averaging,PCA, Haar wavelet and Kekre’s wavelet transformtechniques for image fusion are proposed andcompared. The main advantage of Kekre’s transformmatrix is that it can be of any size NxN, which need notto be an integer power of 2. From NxN Kekre’stransform matrix, we can generate Kekre’s Wavelettransform matrices of size (2N) x (2N), (3N)x(3N),……,(N
INTRODUCTION:Image fusion is the technology thatcombines several images of the same area or thesame object under different imaging conditions. Inother words, it is used to generate a result whichdescribes the scene “better” than any single imagewith respect to relevant properties; it means theacquisition of perceptually important information.The main requirement of the fusion process is toidentify the most significant features in the inputimages and to transfer them without loss of detail intothe fused image. The final output image can providemore information than any of the single images aswell as reducing the signal-to-noise ratio.The object of image fusion is to obtain a better visual understanding of certain phenomena,and to enhance intelligence and system controlfunctions. Applications of image fusion might useseveral sensors like thermal sensor, sonar, infrared,Synthetic Aperture radar (SAR), electro-opticimaging sensors Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR),Ultra Sound Sensor (US), and X-ray sensor. The datagathered from multiple sources of acquisition aredelivered to preprocessing such as denoising andimage registration. This step is used to associate thecorresponding pixels to the same physical points onthe object. In this method, the input images can becompared pixel by pixel. The post-processing isapplied to the fused image. Post-processing includesclassification, segmentation, and image enhancement.Many image fusion techniques pixel level,feature level and decision level are developed.Examples are like Averaging technique, PCA, pyramid transform , wavelet transform, neuralnetwork, K-means clustering, etc.
Several situations in image processingrequire high spatial and high spectral resolution in asingle image. For example, the traffic monitoringsystem, satellite image system, and long range sensor fusion system, land surveying and mapping, geologicsurveying, agriculture evaluation, medical andweather forecasting all use image fusion.Like these, applications motivating the imagefusion are:1.
Aerial and Satellite imaging3.
Concealed weapon detection6.
Multi-focus image fusion7.
Digital camera application8.
Battle field monitoringII.
Averaging Technique :
This technique is a basic and straightforward technique and fusion could be achieved bysimple averaging corresponding pixels in each inputimage asF(m,n) = (A(m,n) +B(m,n)) / 2 (1)The simplest way to fuse two images is totake the mean-value of the corresponding pixels. For some applications this may be enough, but there willalways be one image with poor lighting and thus the
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 10, No. 3, March 201223http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500