concludes the paper.
II. MOBILITY MODEL OVERVIEWMobility model reflects the behavior of the nodesthroughout the simulation time. It shows how thenodes change their speed and direction inaccountancy to the neighboring vehicles andaccording to the traffic rule. Following are someimportant factors those affect the mobility of nodes inVANETs.
Streets force nodes toconfine their movements to well-definedpaths. This constrained movement
patterndetermines the spatial distribution of nodesand their connectivity. Streets can haveeither single or multiple lanes and can alloweither one-way or two-way traffic.
A city block can be consideredthe smallest area surrounded by streets. Theblock size determines the number
of intersections in the area, which in turndetermines the frequency with which avehicle stops.
Traffic control mechanisms
The mostcommon traffic control mechanisms atintersections are stop signs and traffic
lights.These mechanisms result in the formation of clusters and queues of vehicles atintersections and subsequent reduction of their average speed of movement.
Interdependent vehicular motion
: Movementof every vehicle is influenced by themovement pattern of its surrounding
The speed of the vehicledetermines how quickly its position changes,which in turn determines the rate
of network topology changes.
Whenever a mobility model is designed forVANETs, that model should consider the factorsthat affect the mobility of node. These typesbased on the number of nodes considered whiledesigning the model and the way mobilityinformation is stored.
2.1 Trace based mobility model
This type of model  is suitable to emulatethe real scenarios in MANET and VANET. Tracesdescribe the movement of vehicles throughout thesimulation. Traces are the best information to find themobility patterns of node, if we have traces of longperiod and involvement of many participants. Tracesreflect the movement histories of the nodes in thenetwork. We can expect mobility patterns providedby them lead to realistic mobility modeling. But theVANET applications are not widely deployed; thereare fewer traces for evaluation. Another issue relatedto traces is, the nature of network is decentralized anddifficult to collect the real time traces of all thenodes. Following section describe mobility modelsthat generate the trace file, contain the traces of vehicles movement.
Mobility model generator for Vehicular Network (MOVE)
Mobility model generator for VehicularNetwork (MOVE) 
facilitates users to rapidlygenerate realistic mobility models for VANETsimulation with a visualization property. This modelworks with another micro-simulator traffic model,called SUMO . MOVE model consists of two maincomponents: Map Editor and Vehicle Movement Editor.Map Editor is used to create the road topology, which iseither created by manually, automatically or byimporting the maps from databases such as TIGER((Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding andReferencing). The Vehicle Movement Editor used forthe generation of vehicle movement. The output of MOVE is a mobility trace file which contains theinformation on vehicle movement that can be used bynetwork simulator. All the parameter configuration of vehicle movement is done in a static way. This modeldoes not consider micro
Street Random Waypoint (STRAW):
StreetRandom Way point (STRAW) is a tool  thatgenerates the mobility patterns
with extraction of urbantopologies from the TIGER database. It supports for themicro
mobility features of models. STRAWimplements a complex intersection management usingtraffic lights and traffic signs. Due to this characteristic,vehicle shows a more realistic behavior when reachingat intersection. It includes a traffic control mechanismsthat force drivers to follow deterministic admissioncontrol protocol when encountering intersection.Drawback of STRAW model is it does not give detailsabout the traffic flows. Also it does not specify the lanechanging behavior.
2.2 Entity mobility model
Entity mobility model represents mobilenode as a random entity which moves randomly overthe observed area, where speed and directions of node independent with the neighboring nodes.
Random Walk mobility mode:
Random Walk mobility model is Entity mobility model, in whichmobile node moves from
its current location to a newlocation by randomly choosing a direction and speedin which to travel . The new speed and directionare both chosen from pre-defined ranges, respectively[min-speed,max-speed] and [0,2*pi] respectively.Each movement in the Random Walk MobilityModel occurs in either a constant time interval
or aconstant traveled distance, at the end of which a newdirection and speed are calculated.
Random way point model:
In Random way pointmodel , mobile nodes move randomly and freely
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 10, No. 3, March 201284http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500