Encyclopedia of the Harlem Literary Renaissance
Copyright © 2006 by Lois BrownAll rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in anyform or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying,recording, or by any information storage or retrieval systems, without permis-sion in writing from the publisher. For information contact:Facts On File, Inc.132 West 31st StreetNew York NY 10001
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Brown, Lois, 1966–Encyclopedia of the Harlem literary renaissance / Lois Brown.p. cm.Includes bibliographical references and index.ISBN 0-8160-4967-X (hardcover : alk. paper)1. American literature—African American authors—Encyclopedias.2. African Americans—Intellectual life—20th century—Encyclopedias.3. Authors, American—20th century—Biography—Encyclopedias. 4. Harlem(New York, N.Y.)—Intellectual life—Encyclopedias. 5. African Americanintellectuals—Biography—Encyclopedias. 6. African American authors—Biography—Encyclopedias. 7. American literature—20th century—Encyclopedias. 8. African Americans in literature—Encyclopedias. 9. HarlemRenaissance—Encyclopedias. I. TitlePS153.N5B675 2005810.9'896'07307471—dc222004022097Facts On File books are available at special discounts when purchased inbulk quantities for businesses, associations, institutions, or sales promotions.Please call our Special Sales Department in New York at(212) 967-8800 or (800) 322-8755.You can find Facts On File on the World Wide Web athttp://www.factsonfile.comText design by Joan M. ToroCover design by Semadar MeggedMap by Dale WilliamsPrinted in the United States of AmericaVB Hermitage 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1This book is printed on acid-free paper.