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Oxygenation technology poised to transform aquaculture worldwide

Oxygenation technology poised to transform aquaculture worldwide

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Interest is burgeoning in a unique new low-pressure oxygenation system that is poised to transform the world of aquaculture. The uniqueness of the technology is based on its ability to perform three critical functions in one system— dissolving oxygen in the water, producing the correct hydrodynamics and stripping out potentially harmful inert gases like nitrogen — via a very low energy requirement. Moreover, the system is easily installed, including as a retrofit to existing fish tanks, and is virtually maintenance-free.
Interest is burgeoning in a unique new low-pressure oxygenation system that is poised to transform the world of aquaculture. The uniqueness of the technology is based on its ability to perform three critical functions in one system— dissolving oxygen in the water, producing the correct hydrodynamics and stripping out potentially harmful inert gases like nitrogen — via a very low energy requirement. Moreover, the system is easily installed, including as a retrofit to existing fish tanks, and is virtually maintenance-free.

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Published by: International Aquafeed magazine on May 16, 2012
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May | June 2012Feature title: Oxygenation technologypoised to transform aquaculture worldwide
International Aquafeed is published five times a year by Perendale Publishers Ltd of the United Kingdom. All data is published in good faith, based on information received, and while every care is taken to prevent inaccuracies,the publishers accept no liability for any errors or omissions or for the consequences of action taken on the basis of information published.©Copyright 2012 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any formor by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. Printed by Perendale Publishers Ltd. ISSN: 1464-0058
 
I
nterestisburgeoninginauniquenewlow-pressureoxygenationsystemthatispoisedtotransformtheworldofaquaculture.
Theuniquenessofthetechnologyisbasedonitsabilitytoperformthreecriticalfunctionsinonesystem—dissolvingoxygeninthewater,producingthecorrecthydrodynamicsandstrippingoutpotentiallyharmfulinertgaseslikenitrogen—viaaverylowenergyrequirement.Moreover,thesystemiseasilyinstalled,includingasaretrofittoexistingfish tanks,andisvirtuallymaintenance-free.SOLVOX
®
OxyStream,developedbyLindeGasandlaunchedinAugust2011,hasbeenproventoimprovethelivingconditionsoffishinsidethetank,allowingforasignificantincreaseinfishproductionvolume,optimisefishmeatqualityandconsiderablyimproveoperationsfromanenvironmentalstandpoint.Aquaculture,alsoknownasaquafarming,is thedisciplineofcommerciallyfarmingaquaticorganismssuchasfish,crustaceans,molluscsandaquaticplants..Aquacultureinvolvescul- tivatingfreshwaterandsaltwaterpopulationsundercontrolledconditions–incontrasttocommercialfishing,whichistheharvestingofwildmarinefish.TheLindetechnologyhasbeendevelopedinresponsetoaprogressivetrendthatissee-ingaquacultureproductionbeingtransferredfromseacagestoland-basedsitesforthefulldurationofamarinefish’slifecycle.Thischangehasconfrontedtheindustrywiththechallengeofoxygenatinglargefishtanksthatcanaccommodatefishstockfrominfancytomaturity.Theground-breakingpatentedSOLVOX
®
OxyStreamisacombinedoxygenationandflowsystemwhichnotonlydissolvestheoptimalamountofoxygenintheinletwaterflow,butalsodistributesitevenlyatanadjust-ableflowpatternthroughthetank,ensuringfishstockbenefitfromthephysicalexerciseinvolvedinswimmingagainstthecurrent.Theflowregimecanbefullytailoredaccordingtofishsize,stockdensityandfishspecies,suchassalmonorcod.Thesystemcomprisesastandaloneunitandisinstalledindividuallyineachtank,sowaterflowandoxygendosingcanbeindividuallycontrolledforeachtank.Themicro-bubblescreatedbySOLVOX
®
OxyStreamhavetheadditionalbenefitofhelpingtoreducetheconcentrationofdis-solvedinertgasessuchasnitrogenorargon.Inparticular,oversaturationofnitrogen,eveninrelativelysmallquantities,canendanger thewellbeingoffishstock,slowinggrowthandincreasingthepossibilityofdisease,andultimately,evenmortality.WiththeinstallationofSOLVOX
®
OxyStream,externaldegassingunitstopreventinertgasbuild-upwill,inmanycases,becomeobsolete.Dependingontheapplication,pumpingpressuresaslowas0.05to0.2bararenormal-lysufficienttooxygenatetheincomingwater,stripnitrogenandcreateoptimaltankhydro-dynamics.Thislowoperatingpressuremakes thesystemveryenergyefficient.OxyStreamalsorequiresverylowmaintenance,becauseitisnotassociatedwithanyancillaryequipment tomanagewaterpressure.
Producing fish in captivity
Aquacultureusingseacagescameintoitsownasrecentlyasthe1980s,whenthefishindustryrecogniseditwouldbemorecosteffectivetoproducefishincaptivityintheoceanratherthantotrawlforwildfish.Todayaquacultureismovingtoon-landfarming,withthemostsignificantinroadsbeingmadeinNorway,wherethereisamassivedemandforsalmonandcod.Thisplacesanenormousburdenonfarmerstoproducefishmoreefficientlyandcosteffectively.Thelimitationwithaconventionalon-land tankistheamountofoxygenavailabletothefish.Watercanonlyprovideacertainamountofoxygen,whichisquicklyrespired,sothereisaneedtoprovideanadditionalsourceofoxygen.SOLVOX
®
OxyStreamisabletoeffi-
Oxygenation technology poised to
transform aquaculture worldwide
by Stefan Dullstein, Head of Industrial Segment Aquaculture & Water Treatment, Linde Gases Division, Germany
BOC, a member of theLinde Group, leads theSOLVOX OxyStreamfrom a UK perspective.
12 | ItrtIol
AquAFeed
| May-June 2012
FEATURE
 
 
cientlyoxygenateseawaterandcanaddi- tionallybeusedduringthefreshwaterphaseofsalmon.Thisallowsfishfarmers tooperateasingleoxygenationsysteminlargetankswhichcanrunonbothfreshwaterandseawater.Thissignificantlyreducescostscomparedwithrunningsep-aratesalineandfreshwateroxygenationsystems.ThiscapabilitywasrecentlydemonstratedduringtrialsconductedatMarineHarvestinNorway,theworld’slargestsalmonproducer.ResultsshowedthatSOLVOX
®
OxyStreamwastheonlyoxygenationsourcesuitableforrearingyoungsalmonhatchedintanksrunningonfreshwater,beforegraduallytransitioning themtoseawater.Thiscreatesanoptimumenvironmentinwhichtorearsalmon,ensur-ingthecorrectoxygenlevelsthroughouttheentireproductionperiodandkeepingfishstresslevelstoanabsoluteminimum.BypreciselypredictingflowvelocitySOLVOX
®
OxyStreamisabletoadjustthisvelocityinthecircularon-landtanks.Thefish,dependingontheirageandsize,needacertainwatervelocityforoptimumgrowthconditions,soifthevelocityisincorrect,thefishwon’texercise,soit’simportanttoapply thecorrectwatervelocityineachapplication tokeepthem‘workingout’againstarobustcurrent.
Parallel development
Typically,aquaculturefarmershavegrownsalmonfromeggstoabout100ginweightinsmalltomid-sizedtanks.Oncethefishareacclimatisedtoseawaterconditions,theyareusuallytransferredtoseacages.Thismethodhasbeenconstrainedbysomemajorchallengesasthereisalways thepotentialforbreak-outs,allowingvalu-ablestocktoescape,whilethehighdensityoffishinthisnaturalenvironmenthasthepotentialtofosterdiseases.Soitmakessensetogoverntheentirelifecycleonland,wherethehealthofthefishandtheenvironmentcanbemanagedwithmorecontrol.Althoughthemethodwasmootedasfarbackastenyearsago,atthattimethecostswereprohibitiveowingtothehighenergyrequiredtopumpwaterthroughthedis-
"Interest is burgeoning in aunique new low-pressureoxygenation system thatis poised to transform theworld of aquaculture.The uniqueness of thetechnology is based onits ability to performthree critical functions inone system— dissolvingoxygen in the water,producing the correcthydrodynamics andstripping out potentiallyharmful inert gases likenitrogen — via a verylow energy requirement"
May-June 2012 | ItrtIol
AquAFeed
| 13
FEATURE
S

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