by Anna Pyc, Peruvian Aquaculture Company, Peru
he highest industrial aquaculture center in the world islocated in Peru's central Huancavelica department, 4,600meters above sea level. Peruvian Aquaculture Company(PACSAC) was founded in 2007 for the development of industrial aquaculture, an activity that is emerging worldwide as themain protein source for the near future.
To meet this goal, PACSAC integrates social and environment carewith the use of modern technologies that make possible to provide quality products to international markets. At this stage, PACSAC is raising rainbow trout. As well as beign the higest trout farm in Peru, the company's facilitiesare also the largest industrial aquaculture site in the country.According to an article published by FIS.com, the company uses the same technologies applied in fish farming by the major producers of salmon and trout, like Norway, Chile and the UnitedKingdom.However, this technology has been adapted to its unique environ-ment and an individual model has been developed for the high Andes.The natural environment and the purity of the water in this mountainrange is the greatest asset of the company, which allows making aqua-culture a sustainable activity.All procedures used by the company are environmentally friendly,and as a result, the Peruvian Aquaculture Company implements normsISO 14001: 2004. PACSAC also develops regular environmental water monitoring to asses quality and sediment.The fish are fed exclusively with extruded fishmeal specially formulated for trout. After reaching the required market size the trout are harvested and transported to the processing plant.
by Prof Dr Belgin Hossu, Faculty ofFisheries, Ege University, Turkey
ccording to the latest parametres from the TurkishStatistics Office, rainbow trout production is around85.244 tonnes in Turkey and is increasing each day.Farms are mostly on land and damed lakes with a smallamount in sea cages.
Rainbow trout production in Turkey can be divided in to twoparts. The reason for this is the continously changing cost of feeddue to fishmeal and fish oil prices. Unstable prices of fishmeal andfish oil has forced the farms to produce their feed themselves. Asa result, the feed sector has to be seen as commercial feed millsand self-feed producers. Feed production for rainbow trout is done totally in Turkey. Foreign feed mills have built fish feed plants inTurkey because of increasing demand by farms. Trout farms choosefeed mills according to their prices and payment ease.Rainbow trout have differences between them because of geographicconditions of the country. Depending on these changing conditions,FCR is between 0.84- 0.97. The main protein source of feed is fishmeal.Fishmeal sources are foreign countries and sardine and anchovy fromBlack Sea according to the fishing seasons. Protein rate of feed is around44 percent at growing ages. In addition to fishmeal, vegetable proteinsources have been used to decrease the cost of the feed. These are soy-bean meal, corn meal and wheat meals. Adding of caroteneids generally happens at salmon breeding or matured fish of trout.The feed manufacturing system is extruder. To decrease waste,floating feed is prefered.Generally, the colour of the meat isn’t important because troutis consumed both fresh and frozen. On the other hand, yellow col-oured meat isn't preferable because it indictaes high levels of cornand soybean meal.
Perspectives on trout farming and aspects relating to fish feed
May-June 2012 | ItrtIol