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22248861 Professional Skills v1 1

22248861 Professional Skills v1 1

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Published by Govundan Guru

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Published by: Govundan Guru on May 16, 2012
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Professional Skills Dr Dominic Foxv1.1University of Portsmouth Page 1 of 4Department of Civil Engineering
Engineering Drawing
 – Presentation
To present drawings in a clear and professional manner
To produce and interpret drawings about the built environment using industry standardsThese lecture notes are concerned with
 presentation
, the
content 
of drawings will be covered in otherparts of the Unit.For reference, see (amongst other things):
BS ISO 128:1982 Technical drawings. General principles of presentation.
BS ISO 128-20:2001 Technical drawings. General principles of presentation. Basic conventionsfor lines.
BS ISO 128-21:2001 Technical drawings. General principles of presentation. Preparation of linesby CAD systems.
BS ISO 128-22:1999 Technical drawings. General principles of presentation. Basic conventionsand applications for leader lines and reference lines.
BS ISO 128-23:1999 Technical drawings. General principles of presentation. Lines onconstruction drawings.
BS ISO 128-30:2001 Technical drawings. General principles of presentation. Basic conventionsfor views.
BS ISO 128-40:2001 Technical drawings. General principles of presentation. Basic conventionsfor cuts and sections.
BS ISO 128-50:2001 Technical drawings. General principles of presentation. Basic conventionsfor representing areas on cuts and sections.
BS ISO 129:1985 Technical drawings. Dimensioning. General principles, definitions, methods of execution and special indications.
BS ISO 5455:1995 Technical drawings. Scales.
Paper 
A-series paper is usedDesignation Size (mm)A0 841 x 1189A1 594 x 841A2 420 x 594A3 297 x 420A4 210 x 297
An A0 sheet has an area of 1m
2
 
The sides are in the proportion 2:1
The sides of 35mm film have the same proportions
Do not assume that the paper has been cut correctly
– opposite sides may not be parallel, andcorners may not be exactly 90 degrees
Border (or margin) 
The drawing should have a border of about 10 mm
Space should be left for binding and hole-punching, if the drawing is to be placed in a file
 
Professional Skills Dr Dominic Foxv1.1University of Portsmouth Page 2 of 4Department of Civil Engineering
Title Block and Notes 
Title Block and Notes
 – contents and features
Class Brain-Storm session to see how many (of the following) can be thought of and discussed
see later for advice on layout and location
Organisation
e.g. University of Portsmouth, Department of Civil Engineering
May include logo
Title (Job and Drawing)
Job Title (e.g. Portland Building)
Drawing Title (e.g. Ground Floor Plan)
Drawing Number
A reference which identifies the drawing within the job and organisation
Revision Number
Only used if changes are made to the drawing after it has been initially published
Should increment with each revision (e.g. 1,2,3,… or A,B,C,… )
Details of each revision should be kept in Revision Table, in Notes area (see later)
Issue Number
Should be unique to each paper copy of the drawing that is made (may be written in by hand afterprinting)
An Issue Book should show details of who the particular drawing was issued to, and when it wasissued
Scale
Express as ratio drawing unit : real world unit50:1 20:1 10:1Enlargement scales5:1 2:1Full size 1:11:2 1:51:10 1:20 1:501:100 1:200 1:500Reduction scales1:1000 1:2000 1:5000
Scales other than those above should only be used in exceptional circumstances (ensure thatsensible numbers are used, e.g. 1:2500, not 1:2384)
Check that the scale on the printed drawing is correct – this is very important (measure it)
Different parts of the drawing may be to different scales – state the main scale in the Title Block,and other scales next to the relevant drawing part
For ground cross sections, it is normal to use a vertical scale which is different (enlarged) from thehorizontal scale
Date
The date of the original drawing (later revisions will have their own date noted with the details of the revision)
 
Professional Skills Dr Dominic Foxv1.1University of Portsmouth Page 3 of 4Department of Civil Engineering
Drawn By
The name or initials of the (principal) person who created the drawing
For student assignments, this should normally be your Student ID Number (HEMIS Number)
Approval Signature
The original drawing should be checked and approved by a competent person
Later revisions have their own approval signatures (see Notes and Revisions Table)
Notes
A separate area, not part of the Title Block (see Location, later)
Include relevant notes, e.g.:1. All dimensions in mm2. All levels in metres3. Do not scale off drawing
– if in doubt, ask 
May also include a key to symbols used in the drawing
May include a Location Figure (a small drawing which shows the location of the main drawingrelative to a larger area)
Should also include a Revisions Table
Revisions Table
In Notes area
The table may be upside down (with column headings in the bottom row)Revision Ref Details Date Signature
Location
Title Block should be in the bottom right-hand corner – for easy searching of required drawing in acollection of drawings
Notes should be vertically above, or horizontally to the left of the Title Block (Notes are notalways necessary)NotesTitle Block Drawing areaDrawing area

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