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Table Of Contents

I. INTRODUCTION
A. NAVAL STRATEGY
1. Defending Against the Threat
a. Anti-Ship Cruise Missiles (ASCM)/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV)
b. Surface to Air Missiles
c. Surface Vessels
d. The Sub-Surface Threat
B. METOC OPERATIONAL/MISSION SUPPORT
II. BACKGROUND
A. PURPOSE
B. WALLOPS 2000 EXPERIMENT
1. Basic Test Scenario
III. RELEVANT BASIC CONCEPTS OF RADAR SYSTEMS
2. Types of Transmission
3. Frequency and Wavelength
B. RADAR PERFORMANCE FACTORS
1. Signal-to-Noise Ratio
2. Receiver Sensitivity
3. Pulse Width
4. Carrier Frequency
5. Antenna Gain
a. Directive Gain
b. Power Gain
6. Antenna Aperture
C. THE SIMPLIFIED RADAR RANGE EQUATION
IV. METEOROLOGY OF RADIOWAVE PROPAGATION
A. INTRODUCTION
1. Refractivity
2. Ducting and Super-Refraction
3. Sub-Refraction
4. Formation of Ducting Conditions
B. THE EVAPORATION DUCT
C. SURFACE-BASED DUCT
1. Marine Layer Temperature Inversions
2. Subsidence or Differential Advection
3. Boundary-Layer Mixing
V. OPERATIONAL ASPECTS OF NON-STANDARD PROPAGATION
B. SYSTEM CONSIDERATIONS
1. Transmitter/Target Height
2. Frequency
3. Reciprocity “Failure”
C. ASPECTS OF EVAPORATION DUCTS
D. ASPECTS OF SURFACE BASED DUCT
1. Surface-Based Systems
a. Range Enhancement
b. ESM/ECM
c. UHF Communications
d. EMCON Policy
e. RADAR Holes
2. Airborne Systems
E. ASPECTS OF SKIP DISTANCE EFFECTS
F. ASPECTS OF FADING
G. ASPECTS OF SEA CLUTTER
VI. PROPAGATION MODELS
B. ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
D. ELECTROMAGNETIC EFFECTS MODELLING SYSTEM (EEMS)
E. ADVANCED REFRACTIVE EFFECTS PREDICTION SYSTEM (AREPS)
B. METEOROLOGICAL SENSORS ON R/V SEALION
C. METEOROLOGICAL SENSORS ON R/V CHESSIE
D. VERTICAL ASCENT MEASUREMENTS ON R/V’S SEALION AND CHESSIE
E. NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL FLUX BUOY
1. Mean Environmental Data System
2. Turbulent Data System
3. Data Processing and Analysis Procedures
B. DATA SELECTION
IX. SYNOPTIC SCALE METEOROLOGICAL DESCRIPTIONS
B. SYNOPTIC EVOLUTION
1. 10 April 2000
Figure 20. 10 Apr 1800Z. Synoptic chart at 2mb with wind speed
2. 29 April 2000
Figure 24. 29 Apr 1200Z.Synoptic chart at 4 mb spacing
Figure 26. 29 Apr 0600Z. Synoptic chart at 2mb with wind speed
Figure 28. 29 Apr 1800Z. Synoptic chart at 2mb with wind speed
3. 01 May 2000
Figure 32. 01 May 1200Z. Synoptic chart at 4mb spacing
Figure 34. 01 May 0600Z. Synoptic chart at 2mb with wind speed
4. 03 May 2000
Figure 40. 03 May 1200Z. Synoptic chart at 4mb spacing
Figure 42. 03 May 0600Z. Synoptic chart at 2mb with wind speed
Figure 44. 03 May 1800Z. Synoptic chart at 2mb with wind speed
X. PROPAGATION EFFECTS ANALYSES
A. PROPAGATION MODEL (EEMS/AREPS) INPUTS
1. Environmental Inputs
2. EEMS
3. AREPS
4. RF System Inputs
B. MPMS II DATA
XI. PROPAGATION MODEL RESULTS VERSUS MPMS II
B. DISCUSSION OF RESULTS
1. 10 April 2000. S Band
2. 10 April 2000. X Band
3. 29 April 2000. S Band
4. 29 April 2000. X Band
6. 01 May 2000. X Band
7. 03 May 2000. S Band
8. 03 May 2000. X Band
C. PROPAGATION MODEL RESULTS
1. 10 April 2000. S Band
Figure 49. 10 Apr S Band coverage – EEMS
Figure 51. 10 Apr S Band. AREPS - Paulus Jenske
Figure 55. 10 Apr X Band coverage – EEMS
Figure 57. 10 Apr X Band. AREPS – Paulus-Jenske
3. 29 April 2000. S Band
Figure 61. 29 Apr S Band coverage – EEMS
Figure 63. 29 Apr S Band. AREPS – Paulus-Jenske
Figure 67. 29 Apr X Band. Coverage diagram – EEMS
Figure 69. 29 Apr X Band. AREPS – Paulus-Jenske
5. 01 May 2000. S Band
Figure 73. 01 May S Band. Coverage diagram – EEMS
Figure 75. 01 May S Band. AREPS – Paulus-Jenske
Figure 79. 01May X Band. Coverage diagram – EEMS
Figure 81. 01 May X Band. AREPS – Paulus-Jenske
Figure 85. 03May S Band. Coverage diagram – EEMS
Figure 87. 03 May S Band. AREPS – Paulus-Jenske
Figure 91. 03May X Band. Coverage diagram – EEMS
Figure 93. 03 May X Band. AREPS – Paulus-Jenske
XII. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
A. PROPAGATION MODEL PERFORMANCE
B. RANGE DEPENDANT CONSIDERATIONS
C. ATMOSPHERIC MODELLING
D. OPERATIONAL AND TACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
LIST OF REFERENCES
INITIAL DISTRIBUTION LIST
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Evaluation of Em Propagation Models

Evaluation of Em Propagation Models

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Published by: oldjanus on May 16, 2012
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