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Black Day In Kashmir, October 27

Black Day In Kashmir, October 27

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Kashmiris on both sides of the Line of Control and across the globe observe October 27 as Black Day and consider it as the blackest day in the history of Kashmir. This is the Day when India landed its army in Jammu and Kashmir, in total disregard to the Indian Independence Act and Partition Plan in 1947.
Kashmiris on both sides of the Line of Control and across the globe observe October 27 as Black Day and consider it as the blackest day in the history of Kashmir. This is the Day when India landed its army in Jammu and Kashmir, in total disregard to the Indian Independence Act and Partition Plan in 1947.

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Published by: Misbah ul Islam Andrabi on May 16, 2012
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Why Kashmiris observe October 27as Black Day!
Kashmiris on both sides of the Line of Control and across the globe observe October 27 as BlackDay and consider it as the blackest day in the history of Kashmir. This is the Day when Indialanded its army in Jammu and Kashmir, in total disregard to the Indian Independence Act andPartition Plan in 1947.In order to change the demographic composition of the territory, Indian troops, the forces of Dogra Maharaja Hari Singh, and Hindu extremists massacred over three hundred thousandKashmiri Muslims within a period of two months.The Indian Independence Act and Partition Plan of 1947 had stated that the Indian BritishColony would be divided into two sovereign states, India, with Hindu-majority areas, andPakistan, with the Muslim-majority areas of Western provinces and east Bengal.India by landing its Army in Jammu and Kashmir violated the guidelines set for deciding thefuture of Hyderabad, Junagarh and Kashmir, three of the independent Princely States at thattime, which were given the choice to either accede to Pakistan or India, considering thegeographical situation and communal demography. It forcibly occupied the Hyderabad andJunagarh, which had Hindus in majority but their rulers were Muslims. Kashmir was a Muslim-majority state and had a natural tendency to accede to Pakistan, but its Hindu ruler destroyedthe future of Kashmiri people by announcing its accession to India under a controversialaccession document (Instrument of Accession). Many neutral observers deny the existence of such document with the argument that had it been there Indian government had made it publiceither officially or at any international forum.It is a historical fact that if the partition was done on the principles of Justice then India had noland route to enter into Jammu and Kashmir but the so-called Boundary Commission, headed
 
by British Barrister, Cyril Radcliff, that demarcated partition line, under a conspiracy splitGurdaspur, a Muslim majority area, and handed it over to India, providing it terrestrial access tothe territory.Right from the day one, the people of Kashmir did not accept India's illegal occupation andstarted an armed struggle with the total support of public in 1948, which forced India toapproach the UN Security Council to seek help of the World Body to settle the dispute. The UNSecurity Council through its successive resolutions nullified Indian invasion and occupation of Kashmir. It also approved a ceasefire, demarcation of the ceasefire line, demilitarization of thestate and a free and impartial plebiscite to be conducted under the supervision of the WorldBody. Although the ceasefire and demarcation of the ceasefire line was implemented whiledemilitarization of the occupied territory and a free and impartial plebiscite under UNsupervision remain unimplemented till date. As a result of the demarcation, about 139,000square kilometers area of Jammu and Kashmir remained with India while 83,807 squarekilometers constituted the territory of Azad Jammu and Kashmir.Indian rulers promised before the UN to resolve the dispute and provide the people of Kashmirwith their basic right of self-determination, but later backed away from their commitments.India has been putting peace, security and stability of the entire South Asia at stake bydemonstrating continued rigidity and stubbornness and not responding positively to the effortsmade by the international community to settle the Kashmir dispute during the last more thansix decades.Disappointed at the failure of all the efforts aimed at resolving the Kashmir dispute throughpeaceful means, the people of occupied Kashmir launched a massive uprising in 1989 to securetheir right to self-determination. This movement gathered momentum with the passage of timeand pushed the Indian authorities to wall, forcing them to sit around the negotiation table withPakistan in January 2004. The talks process continued till it was hampered after Mumbaiattacks on November 26, 2008, when India without any substantive evidence laid theresponsibility of these attacks on Pakistan and its intelligence agencies. However, PrimeMinisters of the two countries, Yousuf Raza Gilani and Manmohan Singh after a meeting at
 
Sharm El-Sheikh, on July 16, 2009, in a joint statement declared to resume the compositedialogue process to resolve all outstanding issues.It is worth mentioning that Pakistan demonstrated considerable flexibility in the dialogueprocess by floating various proposals including demilitarization, self-governance and joint-management to settle the conflict over Kashmir, but India's intransigent approach continued toremain the biggest hurdle in making successful any effort made in this regard. The groundsituation in the occupied territory remains unchanged, as the confidence building measures andthe dialogue process could not provide Kashmiri people respite from the Indian state terrorism.India has exhausted all its resources and means but has not been able to deter Kashmiris fromcontinuing their liberation struggle. It has given a free hand to its troops and police to subjectpeaceful protesters to brute force. Over 70 people were killed only within a period of twomonths in 2008 when Indian police personnel resorted to indiscriminate firing to break updemonstrators in Kashmir. The Chairman of All Parties Hurriyet Conference, Mirwaiz UmerFarooq was placed under house arrest for two months to prevent him from addressing publicgatherings. Liberation leaders including Syed Ali Gilani, Shabbir Ahmed Shah, Aasiya Andrabi,Nayeem Ahmed Khan, Muhammad Ashraf Sehrai, Masarat Alam Butt and Muhammad SaleemNunnaji have been booked under the infamous draconian law, Public Safety Act to keep themaway from the people. The troops have been setting new records of human rights violations bykilling innocent people, arresting youth, disgracing and harassing women and setting residentialhouses afire with impunity.The troops have killed over ninety-two thousand Kashmiris, widowed more than twenty fivethousand women, orphaned more than one hundred thousand children and molested or gang-raped around ten thousand Kashmiri women during the past 20 years. The whereabouts of thousands of innocent Kashmiris, disappeared in the custody of troops, are yet to be madeknown while hundreds of unnamed graves have been discovered in the occupied territory,which are believed to be of disappeared Kashmiris. This whole mayhem is being carried outwith the protection of draconian laws, by virtue of which any person can be killed or put behindthe bars without any accountability.

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