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CSIS-04

CSIS-04

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Published by 404 System Error

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Published by: 404 System Error on May 16, 2012
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07/26/2014

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UNCLASSIFIEDIFOROFFICIALUSEONLY-,
G8/G20
ObserverCountryProfileALGERIA
Capital:AlgiersOfficialName:People'sDemocraticRepublicofAlgeriaTypeofGovernment:Semi-presidentialrepublicPopulation:
34,895,000(2009UN
est.)Language(s):Arabic,Tamazight
(Berber),French
MajorReligions:Islam99%,·6t~et
J~.
Introduction
1,Algeriaachievedindependencefrom-France
in
1962
afterarteightyearstrugglethatresultedinthedeathsofmorethanamillionAlgerians,The
National.Liberation
Front,whichledthefight,formedthenewgovernmentanddominatedthectluntty'spoliticalscene,However,
in
1992,anIslamistpartywonthegeneralelection,promptingintervention
by
themilitaryandtheannulmentoftheresult,Thisledtoacivilwar,costingover
150,000
lives,inwhichthemilitary-backedgovernmentultimatelyprevailedoverthe
Islamist
militants,
2,Algeriais
amemberoftheUnitedNations(UN),AfricanUnion(AU),andOrganizationofthePetroleum
Expottillg
Countries
(OPEC),
It
alsocontributedtowardsthecreationoftheMaghrebUnion(MU),
Threat-relatedIssues
Islamic
Extremism
3,Althoughpoliticalviolencein.Algeriadeclinedafterthe1990s,thecountryhasfacedaresurgentcampaignofterrorismslnc'e2006,carriedoutbyagroupcallingitselfAlQaedaintheIslamicMaghreb(AQIM)whichhas
Its-roots
inanIslamicmilitiainvolvedinthecivilwarofthe1990s.AQ1Mhasengagedinanongoingseriesofkidnapingandbombings-includinghighprofile,mass-casualtysuicideattackstargetingtheAlgeriangovernmentandWesterninterests.4.WhetherAQIMhasdirectoperationallinkswithOsamaBin-Ladenremainsopentoquestion,butitsmethods,whichincludesuicidebombings,anditschoiceoftargets,suchasforeign
 
workersandtheUNheadquartersinAlgiers,arethoughttobeinspiredbyAIQaeda.NorthAfricangovernmentsareconcernedthatlocalIslamistgroupsinAlgeria,Morocco,andTunisiamaybelinking
up
undertheumbrellaofanewmovement,
ImplicationsforCanada
 
UNCLASSIFIEDIFOROFFICIALUSEONLY-
GS/G20
ObserverCountryProfile
EGYPT
OfficialName:ArabRepublicofEgyptCapital:CairoTypeofGovernment:RepublicPopulation:78,866,635(July2009est.)Language(s):Arabic,English,French
MajorReligions:Muslim(mostlySugo!)9()%;~optic9%,otherChristian1%
Introduction
1.
Egyptis
amemberof,orparticipatesin,sixty'-'hineinternationalorganizations.Arapidlygrowingpopulation(thelargestintheArab
world),
limitedarableland,anddependenceontheNileRiver,allcontinuetoovertaxresourcesandstresssociety,ThegovernmenthasstruggledtomeetthedemandsofEgypt'sgrowingpopulatiortthrougheconomicreformandmassiveinvestmentincommunicationsandphysicalinfrastructure.
Egypt
hasextensivepoliticalinfluenceinbothAfricaandtheMiddleEast.ThepermanentHeadquartersoftheArabLeaguearelocatedinCairo,andtheSecretaryGeneraloftheArabLeaguehastraditionallybeenanEgyptian.Inthetwenty-firstcentury,Egypthasencounteredamajorproblemwithimmigration,asmillionsof
Africans.fleeing
povertyandwarattempttoenterEgypt..
Tbreat.,.relatedIssues
2.TerrQrisrnih.moderrtEgypt
can
betracedbacktotheformationoftheMuslimBrotherhoodinthe1940s,oneofarmmbercfmllitanfIslamistgroupstotargetpoliticians,governmentofficialsandforeigntouristsat.various
times
overtheyears.Terroristattackswereespeciallysevereinthe1990s,manyatttibutedtothegroupal-Gatrtn'aal-Islamiyya,mostnotablythe1997Luxorattack,whichkilled58touttstsandfourEgyptians,andwoundeddozensmore.AnEgyptiannationalandformerleaderoftheEgyptianIslamic
Jihad
(EIJ),agroupthatemergedinthe1970sandcarriedouttheassassinationofthenPresidentAriwarSADAT,isbelievedtobethemastermindbehindtheoperationsofAIQaeda(AQ).EIJisbelievedtohavebeenlargelyabsorbedbyAQ.However,inlateJanuary2010,Egyptianauthoritiesarrested26suspectssaidtobelongtoacelloftheEIJwhowereplottingterroristactsagainsttouristsandstateinstallations.Firearms,ammunitionandexplosiveswereseized.EgyptisconcernedaboutthepossibilitythatAQinspiredmilitantscouldinfiltrateEgyptafterbeingforcedoutofGazabyHarnas.

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