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CSIS-14

CSIS-14

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Published by 404 System Error

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Published by: 404 System Error on May 16, 2012
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09/19/2013

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SECRET
d1V$TDi'{(;!N'[O
~:,~,~rt~;-'_'"\:'
1016420100428
2010GS/G20
SUMMITS
THREAT
OVERVIEW27APRIL2010
Information
in
ThisUpdateisCurrentto2010042008bOOEDT
coned...
1
 
ITAe/CIEM
10164
SECRE.T
Avarietyofdemonstrationsareexpectedtotake
placeduring.
the
Summits,primarilyinTorontobutpossiblyelsewhere.
c,:-;....
:.
..,':
INTRODUCTION
1.Thisyear's
G8
SummitwillbeheldinHuntsville,Ontario,onJune25and
26,2010,
andwillsegueintotheG20SummitinTorontoonJune26and27,20]0.Thisisthefirstinaseriesofreports
hemg
issued
by
ITACtoalertrecipientstoneworre-assessedthreatstotheSummits,
2.
Monltbtinganddeterminationoftheoverallthreatlevelforthe
08/020
SummitsaretheresponsibilityoftheRCMPNationalSecurityThreatAssessmentSection(NSTAS).2
 
ITAC/CIEM
10'64
SECRET
RECAPITULATINGADECADEOFSUMMIT
PROTEStS
4.
Overthepastdecade.issue-basedextremists
haveemployed
blackbloc
tactics,
includingengaginginviolentanddestructivebehaviour,whileprotesthtg
at
internationalforasuchas
G8/G20
Summits.AlthoughtheworstofthesehavemostrecentlyoccurredinEurope,Canadahasnotbeenimmune..5.Summitoppositiontendstoconsistofaneclecticblendofanarchists
afl(i
{Jdlitioalandsocialactivists,primarilyfromtheleft-wingideologicalspectrum.Theircausesarevaried
and
occasionallydivergentbutthereisageneralrecognitionthattheycanhaveagreaterimpactbyactinginconcertatsucheventswhilerespectinga"diversityoftactics".Cooperationamongdisparategroupsisgenerallyaccomplishedinanon-hierarchical,decentralizedfashion.
It
isusuallyfacilitatedbyacoordinating
entity
(orentities)usingtheInternetandinformationalsessionstocommunicate,spreadawareness,mobilizeandorganize.Theirmostprevalentmodeofexpressionremainsdemonstrations,.civildi,sobedience,anddirectactionwhichmayincludevaryingdegrees
of
violenca.including
VandaIisnI,rioting
andstreetfighting,demonstratingwithoutapermit,resistingAtrest;~re6tingbitricades.afidattackingpolice.6.Muchoftheviolencethatoccur8canusua~¥be~ti:rihtltedtoaproportionallysmallcadreofextremists,typicallyafewhundred
otll1)sS;
aperatingasaffifiity
groups,
Groupsorindividualscancoalesceintowhatiscommonly
referred-to
as
ablack
bloc,spontaneouslyandwithoutwarning,orin
an
orchestratedmanner.The
conceptof'theblack
blocwasestablishedinEuropeinthe198051.Thenamecamefromthedemonstratorswearingsimilarblackordarkclothesandconcealingtheirfeatureswhichhelpedthemavoidbeingindividuallyidentified.
7.
BlackbloctacticsgainedparticularnotorietyinNorthAmericain
1999;
whenprotestsagainstthemeetingoftheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)
in
Seattleturnedviolent.The"BattleofSeattle"Wasqtatkedbyfivedaysofrioting,withoutletsofmultinationalcorporationsbeingdamagedinta:rgeted.attacks.Costsrelatedtovandalism,lostbusiness,andpolicingduringtheri6ts.V/&t:?estlnia,t~dgt:altnQstUS$30millionatthetime,andsetthetoneforsecurityrequiredatsuh~~quent.ihternation!lJeV~i1ts..
_','c"""-_',
8.
The
SUlU1J1itofth~
Am~icasinQuebeoCityinApril
2001
attractedwhatwasoneofthelargestanti-glClbaHz&>tibfrde11ron.str1tionstot~keplacetothatpoint.Duringamajormarchonthefirstdayofthesufnmlt,sOu1eprottlsterssplitfromthemaingrouptotargetasectionofthesecuritybarriererectedaroundthesite
of
theconference.Theysucceededinbringingdownaportionoftheconcreteandchain-linkfenceandclashedwithpolicewhomovedintosealthebreach.Thissparkedaseriesofconfrontationsleadingintothefollowingdayinwhichextremistsusedteargas,Molotovcocktails,bricks,clubsandbottlesagainstthepolice.Businesseswerealsovandalizedandbonfiressetinthestreets.Damagewasestimatedtohavebeenupto$100,000,butmoresignificantly,46policeofficersand57demonstratorswerereportedinjured,
3

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