IPv6 Multicast in VANET
Prof. Uma Nagaraj
Ms. Deesha G. Deotale
VANET is the Mobile ad-hoc network, to providecommunications among nearby vehicles and between vehicles andnearby fixed equipment, usually described as roadsideequipment. VANET turns every participating car into a wirelessrouter or node, allowing cars approximately 100 to 300 meters of each other to connect and, in turn, create a network with a widerange. As cars fall out of the signal range and drop out of thenetwork, other cars can join in, connecting vehicles to oneanother so that a mobile Internet is created. IPv6 support isneeded in vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) with geographicalrouting. Basic IPv6 protocols such as address auto-configurationassume multicast capable link. In this we take the geographicalinformation of each car which is in defined Geographical areathrough the GPS system, and also capturing the graph of all thecar in the network through Google Mapit is presented in thepaper, which aims at combining IPv6 networking and C2CNet..
VANET, IPv6, Multicasting V2V, C2C, Multicasing, Geonetworking.
By now the rapid growth of the Internet and theimpending shortage of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses havebeen well documented. Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) isthe next-generation protocol developed by the InternetEngineering Task Force (IETF) to replace the currentaddressing scheme, Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4).Vehicles are expected to exchange information beyond theirimmediate surroundings, with other vehicles and the roadinfrastructure. Nowadays, communications become essentialin the society. Everyone can get information anywhere, evenin mobility conditions. The vehicle is another place whereusers stay for long periods.These day Most of the time human spend in the vehicle.ITS are going to be more and more important technologies inour life, that enhance safety, driving efficiency and amusingby allowing various service such as fleet management,navigation, billing multimedia application and game. IPv6 isconsidered as the most appropriate technologies to supportcommunication in ITS thanks to its extended address space,embedded security, enhanced mobility support and ease of configuration. Future vehicles will embed a number of sensorsand other devices that could be IPv6 enabled .In vehicular networks, vehicles equip with on board units(OBU) to enable the communication with other vehicles.Vehicle-to-vehicle ad hoc networks are multihopcommunication using geographic position, which has beeninvestigated on GeoNet Project . On the other hand, road-side units (RSU) are installed around the road. IEEE802.11 isused to connect between OBUs, and between OBU and RSU.Application Unit (AU) is a portable or built-in device
connected temporarily or permanently to the vehicle’s OBU.
OBU also can be connected to the Internet with cellularnetworks, WiMAX, etc. These terminologies are proposed inCar2Car communication consortium (C2C-CC ).
For the VANET networks now a day’s support of IPv6 is
needed with the geographical routing. The present IPv6protocols (like auto configuration) assuming that they havingmulticast capable link. But, for VANET, the definition of link becomes ambiguous and it is difficult to support link-scopemulticast. Artificial emulation of multicast capable link likeEthernet is possible but may cause low efficiency and highcost. Hence the new way to efficiently run IPv6 over VANETis needed with minimal cost. we are presenting the newapproach for running the IPv6 in VANET for efficiency aswell as lower cost. Instead of emulation, we rely ongeonetworking specific features for IPv6 operation. Oursolutio
n exploits inherent location management’s functions to
efficiently perform fundamental IPv6 protocols, i.e. NeighborDiscovery and Stateless Address Auto configuration. This newproposed approach is implemented with C2C communicationconsortium as reference system and exploits its inherentfunctions in order to perform the IPv6 multicast operationswith link scope multicast. we have to first design C2Carchitecture with IPv6.The main objective is to combining IPv6 networking and Car-to-Car Communication
-CC)GeoNetworking capabilities into a single protocol stack forIntelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). We see in thearchitecture what is IPv6 GeoNetworking: what functions areto be provided, under which conditions it shall operate (e.g.communication scenarios, communication environment withor without infrastructure support) and how it shall perform(e.g. scale to a large number of vehicles).The organization of this paper as follows: Section IIexplains Design Goal. Section III presents the short overviewof Methodology of communication between vehicles. SectionIV describes the Communication using IPv6 in C2CArchitechture. Section V explain IPv6 Multicast overviewand in Section VI explain communication flow example .Section VII conclusion of the paper.
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 10, No. 4, April 2012135http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500