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Modern Ethnic Conflicts

Modern Ethnic Conflicts

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Published by: tathagat1 on May 17, 2012
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Encyclopedia of Modern Ethnic ConflictsEdited by Joseph R. Rudolph, Jr.Greenwood Press Westport, Connecticut • London Page iiiLibrary of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataEncyclopedia of modern ethnic conflicts / edited by Joseph R. Rudolph,Jr.p. cm.Includes bibliographical references and index.ISBN 0–313–31381–4 (alk. paper)1. Ethnic relations—Political aspects—Encyclopedias. 2. Culturalconflict—Encyclopedias.3. World politics—1995–2005—Encyclopedias. I. Rudolph, Joseph R.(Joseph Russell),1942–GN496.E56 2003305.8'003—dc21 2002070025British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data is available.Copyright 2003 by Joseph R. Rudolph, Jr.All rights reserved. No portion of this book may bereproduced, by any process or technique, without the express writtenconsent of the publisher. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number:2002070025 ISBN: 0-313-31381-4 First published in 2003 GreenwoodPress, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881 An imprint of GreenwoodPublishing Group, Inc.www.greenwood.comPrinted in the United States of AmericaThe paper used in this book complies with the Permanent PaperStandard issued by the National Information Standards Organization(Z39.48-1984).Page vTo those members of the American melting pot who have blessed my life:my Irish-English-American mother, my German-American father, myItalian-American daughter, Alexandra, and myGermanPolish-Lithuanian-American wife, Sabrina.Page vii
CONTENTSAcknowledgments xi Maps xiii Introduction xix Bolivia: Ethnicized PeasantConflict David W. Dent 1 Burma: The Karen Conflict Martin Smith 9Canada: The Nationalist Movement in QuebecSaul Newman 27 Central Europe: The Romany, a Stateless Minority in aWorld of States Joseph R. Rudolph, Jr. 37China: Ethnic Conflict in the World’s Largest Multinational StateKatherine Palmer Kaup 47 Cyprus: Communal Conflict and theInternational System Joseph R. Rudolph, Jr. 55Czechoslovakia: The Peaceful Breakup of a State Joseph R. Rudolph, Jr.61 France: Ethnic Conflict and the Problem of Corsica Sue Ellen Charlton69France: The “Foreigner” IssueJoseph R. Rudolph, Jr. 77 Germany: The Foreign Worker Issue John S.Bendix 85India: Ethnic Conflict and Nation-building in a Multiethnic StateMaya Chadda 93 Indonesia: The Struggle to Control East Timor StephenZunes 101 Page viiiLebanon: Ethnic Conflict and the Lebanese Civil War, 1975–1990Marie-Joelle Zahar 109 Malaysia: The Malay-Chinese Conflict Amy L.Freedman 119Mexico: The Zapatista Rebellion in Chiapas Richard Stahler-Sholk 127Middle East: The Arab-Jewish Struggle for Palestine to 1948 James A.Reilly 137 Middle East: The Kurds Struggle for “Kurdistan”Michael M. Gunter 151Middle East: The Palestinian Issue Deborah J. Gerner 161 Nigeria: EthnicConflict in Multinational West Africa James S. Wunsch 169 Rwanda:Hutu-Tutsi Conflict and Genocide in Central Africa Stephen D. Wrage 183Soviet Union: The Conflict in Chechnya Robert Bruce Ware 191 SovietUnion: The Ethnic Conflicts in Georgia Stuart J. Kaufman 199 SovietUnion: The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict Stuart J. Kaufman 207Spain: Basque Nationalism and Conflict in Democratic Spain RolandVazquez 215 Sri Lanka: Tamil-Sinhalese Conflict in India’s BackyardJoseph R. Rudolph, Jr. 225 Sudan: Ethnic Conflict in the Sudan AnnMosely Lesch 235United Kingdom: The Making of British Race Relations Anthony MarkMessina 243 United Kingdom: The Irish Question and the Partition ofIreland Sean P. Duffy 251 United Kingdom: The Conflict in Ulster Sean P.Duffy 259United Kingdom: Scotland and Scottish Nationalism Robert J. Thompson269United Kingdom: The Decline and Revival of Welsh Nationalism Terrence

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