Recent trends in income inequality inLatin America
Guillermo CrucesLeopoldo Tornarolli
CEDLAS – Universidad Nacional de La Plata
This paper documents patterns and recent developments on income inequality in Latin America (LA). New comparative international evidence confirms that LA is a region of highinequality, although maybe not the highest in the world. Income inequality has fallen in the2000s, suggesting a turning point from the substantial increases of the 1980s and 1990s. Thefall in inequality is significant and widespread, but it does not seem to be based on strong fundamentals.
: inequality, distribution, education, Latin America
: C15, D31, I21, J23, J31.
This document was originally prepared as a background paper for the Regional Report UNDP- LAC2008/2009 “Inequality and Human Development”. We are very grateful to the comments and suggestions of Isidro Soloaga, Luis Felipe López Calva, and seminar participants at a UNDP seminar in Mexico DF,February 2008, at the LACEA conference (November 2008), the AAEP meeting (Córdoba, November 2009)and UNDP RBLAC (January 2009). This version of the document also benefited from the detailed commentsreceived at the LACEAEconomia Panel in Bogota (March 2009) from Daniel Ortega, Daniel Mejía and otherparticipants, and from the suggestions made by the journal’s editor, Francisco Rodríguez, during thereviewing process. The empirical evidence presented in this paper is based on the joint CEDLAS-World Bank (PREM-LAC) project SEDLAC (Socio-Economic Database for Latin America and the Caribbean), overseenby Jaime Saavedra. The project’s webpage is www.cedlas.org/sedlacThe usual disclaimer applies
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